INTRODUCTION
AFRICAIS THE WORLD'S SECOND-LARGEST AND SECOND-MOST-
POPULOUS CONTINENT. AT ABOUT 30.2 MILLION KM² INCLUDING ...
AFRICAIS CONSIDERED BY MOST PALEOANTHROPOLOGISTS TO
BE THE OLDEST INHABITED TERRITORY ON EARTH, WITH
THE HUMAN SPECIES ORI...
AFRICA IS CONSIDERED AS THE “DARK
CONTINENT” BECAUSE OF ITS
UNPREDICTABLE CLIMATE, UNTAMED
WILDERNESS AND SENSATIONALIZED
...
TODAY, MANY ENVIRONMENTAL
ISSUES ARE BEING FACED BY AFRICA.
IT IS N0W FACING ISSUES LIKE SOIL
EROSION, THREATS TO FRESHWAT...
AFRICAN LITERATURE
& CULTURE
AFRICAN LITERATURE REFERS TO
LITERATURE OF AND FROM AFRICA.
AFRICAN LITERATURE
ORAL LITERATURE
PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE
COLONIAL LITERATURE
POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE
ORAL LITERATURE
ORAL LITERATURE MAY BE IN PROSE OR VERSE. THE PROSE IS OFTEN
MYTHOLOGICAL OR HISTORICAL AND CAN INCLUDE TA...
PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE
ONE POPULAR FORM OF TRADITIONAL AFRICAN FOLKTALE IS THE
“TRICKSTER” STORY, WHERE A SMALL ANIMAL USE...
COLONIAL LITERATURE
IN THIS PERIOD, AFRICAN WORKS BEST KNOWN IN THE WEST
FROM THE PERIOD OF COLONIZATION AND THE SLAVE TRA...
POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE
WITH LIBERATION AND INCREASED LITERACY SINCE MOST
AFRICAN NATIONS GAINED THEIR INDEPENDENCE IN THE...
AFRICAN CULTURE
AFRICA’S CULTURAL TRADITIONS
ARE EXTREMELY DIVERSE.
TRADITIONALLY, ART, MUSIC, AND
ORAL LITERATURE SERVED ...
RELIGION
VAST IN NUMBER, STAYS
WITH EACH OTHER
ISLAM
ISLAM IS THE LARGEST RELIGION IN AFRICA. 40% OF THE
POPULATION IS MUSLIM LESS THAN 15% OF THE TRADITIONAL
RELIGION O...
CHRISTIANITY
CHRISTIANITY IS THE SECOND LARGEST RELIGION IN
AFRICA. 45% OF ALL THE POPULATION IN AFRICA IS CHRISTIAN.
OTHER RELIGIONS
SMALL NUMBER OF AFRICAN ARE HINDU, BUDDHIST,
CONFIUCIANIST OR BAHA’I, AND THE OTHERS HAVE BELIEFS
FROM THE...
AFRICAN PEOPLE
THEY SPEAK VAST NUMBER
OF LANGUAGES
PRACTICE VAST NUMBER OF
RELIGIONS
AFRICAN PEOPLE
Traits
History
Tribes
TRAITS
AFRICAN TRAITS ARE MIXED UP OF AMERICAN CULTURAL TRAITS
AND INDIGENOUS AFRICAN TRAITS.
HISTORY
IN THE EARLY TIMES, AFRICANS SPECIALIZED THEIR SKILLS IN
FINDING FOOD ACROSS THE REGIONS OF AFRICA THAT’S WHY THEY...
AFRICAN TRIBES
AKA
Ashanti
Hutu
Khoikhoi
Fang
Ewe
Zulu
Afrikaners
Fulani
Fante
AKA
NOMADIC PYGMY TRIBE DWELLING AROUND THE BORDER
BETWEEN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC AND THE REPUBLIC OF
THE CONGO.
ASHANTI
ALSO KNOWN AS ASANTE. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE OF TWI
LINGUISTIC STOCK, LIVING PRINCIPALLY IN THE ASHANTI REGION
OF ...
HUTU
THEY’RE PEOPLE WHO MAKE UP MOST OF THE POPULATION OF
RWANDA AND BURUNDI, SMALL NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES IN EAST
CENTRAL ...
KHOIKHOI
KHOIKHOI, TOGETHER WITH SAN, OCCUPIED THE WESTERN REGION
OF WHAT IS NOW SOUTH AFRICA DURING 1000 AD
FANG
ETHNIC GROUP AT ACOACAN, IN MAINLAND EQUATORIAL GUINEA.
THIS IS THE TRIBE OF THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE EQUATORIAL
G...
EWE
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE INHABITING THE COASTS OF THE REPUBLICS
OF GHANA, TOGO, AND BENIN. THE NAME IS ALSO APPLIED TO THEIR
...
ZULU
BANTU-SPEAKING PEOPLE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA. NUMBERING
BETWEEN 8 AND 10 MILLION, THEY LIVE MAINLY IN THE PROVINCE
OF KWA...
AFRIKANERS
FORMERLY KNOWN AS BOERS, SOUTH AFRICAN CULTURAL GROUP
DESCENDED FROM EUROPEANS. THEY SPEAK AFRIKAANS AS THEIR
N...
FULANI
PEOPLE OF AFRICA NUMBERING ABOUT 13 MILLION AND
DISPERSED IN VARYING, OFTEN SIZABLE, CONCENTRATIONS
THROUGHOUT THE ...
FANTE
ALSO KNOWN AS FANTI. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE INHABITING THE
TERRITORY OF THE FORMER NATIVE AFRICAN KINGDOM OF FANTE
MUSIC
AFRICAN MUSIC MAY BE
DIFFERENT TO OUR EARS, BUT FOR
THEM, IT IS REALLY SIGNIFICANT
MUSIC (PAST)
BETWEEN 1950S AND 1970S, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED BY THE
STYLE OF MUSIC THAT VARIES OVERTIME. “AFROBEAT” AND
...
MUSIC (PRESENT)
LATER, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED AGAIN AND ACCEPTED THE
SOME STYLE OF MUSIC SUCH AS SAMBA, BLUES, JAZZ, REG...
“
”
I KNOW NO NATIONAL BOUNDARY
WHERE THE NEGRO IS CONCERNED. THE
WHOLE WORLD IS MY PROVINCE UNTIL
AFRICA IS FREE.
MARCUS ...
“
”
WE BELIEVE IN THE FREEDOM OF AFRICA FOR THE
NEGRO PEOPLE OF THE WORLD, AND BY THE PRINCIPLE
OF EUROPE FOR THE EUROPEAN...
SOURCES
WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA
MICROSOFT ENCARTA PREMIUM 2009
MEMBERS
KARLO ALONZO GUIANG
REYMAR MELCHOR TUTAAN
MARK ELY NAMORO
JAYSON CUBALIT
PATRICIA JANE MATTERIG
PRECIOUS JANE GUER...
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English 2 presentation1

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION AFRICAIS THE WORLD'S SECOND-LARGEST AND SECOND-MOST- POPULOUS CONTINENT. AT ABOUT 30.2 MILLION KM² INCLUDING ADJACENT ISLANDS. WITH 1.0 BILLION PEOPLE, IT ACCOUNTS FOR ABOUT 15% OF THE WORLD'S HUMAN POPULATION.
  2. 2. AFRICAIS CONSIDERED BY MOST PALEOANTHROPOLOGISTS TO BE THE OLDEST INHABITED TERRITORY ON EARTH, WITH THE HUMAN SPECIES ORIGINATING FROM THE CONTINENT. DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE 20TH CENTURY, ANTHROPOLOGISTS DISCOVERED MANY FOSSILS AND EVIDENCE OF HUMAN OCCUPATION PERHAPS AS EARLY AS 7 MILLION YEARS AGO.
  3. 3. AFRICA IS CONSIDERED AS THE “DARK CONTINENT” BECAUSE OF ITS UNPREDICTABLE CLIMATE, UNTAMED WILDERNESS AND SENSATIONALIZED PRESS COVERAGE OF DISASTERS.
  4. 4. TODAY, MANY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ARE BEING FACED BY AFRICA. IT IS N0W FACING ISSUES LIKE SOIL EROSION, THREATS TO FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS, AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT. AFRICA IS NOW BEING DAMAGED BY OUR FOOLISHNESS.
  5. 5. AFRICAN LITERATURE & CULTURE AFRICAN LITERATURE REFERS TO LITERATURE OF AND FROM AFRICA.
  6. 6. AFRICAN LITERATURE ORAL LITERATURE PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE COLONIAL LITERATURE POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE
  7. 7. ORAL LITERATURE ORAL LITERATURE MAY BE IN PROSE OR VERSE. THE PROSE IS OFTEN MYTHOLOGICAL OR HISTORICAL AND CAN INCLUDE TALES OF THE “TRICKSTER” CHARACTER. ORAL LITERATURE IS OFTEN DELIVERED BY POETRY, SINGING, NARRATIVE EPIC, OCCUPATIONAL VERSE, RITUAL VERSE, PRAISE POEMS TO RULERS AND PROMINENT PEOPLE.
  8. 8. PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE ONE POPULAR FORM OF TRADITIONAL AFRICAN FOLKTALE IS THE “TRICKSTER” STORY, WHERE A SMALL ANIMAL USES ITS WITS TO SURVIVE ENCOUNTERS WITH LARGER CREATURES. ANIMAL TRICKSTERS WERE POPULAR IN THESE TIMES.
  9. 9. COLONIAL LITERATURE IN THIS PERIOD, AFRICAN WORKS BEST KNOWN IN THE WEST FROM THE PERIOD OF COLONIZATION AND THE SLAVE TRADE ARE PRIMARILY SLAVE NARRATIVES, SUCH AS OLAUDAH EQUIANO’S “THE INTERESTING NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF OLAUDAH EQUIANO (1789).”
  10. 10. POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE WITH LIBERATION AND INCREASED LITERACY SINCE MOST AFRICAN NATIONS GAINED THEIR INDEPENDENCE IN THE 1950S AND 1960S, AFRICAN LITERATURE HAS GROWN DRAMATICALLY IN QUANTITY AND IN RECOGNITION AND SEVERAL OF THIS WORKS APPEARED ON “BEST OF” LISTS COMPILED AT THE END OF 19TH CENTURY
  11. 11. AFRICAN CULTURE AFRICA’S CULTURAL TRADITIONS ARE EXTREMELY DIVERSE. TRADITIONALLY, ART, MUSIC, AND ORAL LITERATURE SERVED TO REINFORCE EXISTING RELIGIOUS OR SOCIAL PATTERNS.
  12. 12. RELIGION VAST IN NUMBER, STAYS WITH EACH OTHER
  13. 13. ISLAM ISLAM IS THE LARGEST RELIGION IN AFRICA. 40% OF THE POPULATION IS MUSLIM LESS THAN 15% OF THE TRADITIONAL RELIGION OF AFRICA.
  14. 14. CHRISTIANITY CHRISTIANITY IS THE SECOND LARGEST RELIGION IN AFRICA. 45% OF ALL THE POPULATION IN AFRICA IS CHRISTIAN.
  15. 15. OTHER RELIGIONS SMALL NUMBER OF AFRICAN ARE HINDU, BUDDHIST, CONFIUCIANIST OR BAHA’I, AND THE OTHERS HAVE BELIEFS FROM THE JUDAIC TRADITION.
  16. 16. AFRICAN PEOPLE THEY SPEAK VAST NUMBER OF LANGUAGES PRACTICE VAST NUMBER OF RELIGIONS
  17. 17. AFRICAN PEOPLE Traits History Tribes
  18. 18. TRAITS AFRICAN TRAITS ARE MIXED UP OF AMERICAN CULTURAL TRAITS AND INDIGENOUS AFRICAN TRAITS.
  19. 19. HISTORY IN THE EARLY TIMES, AFRICANS SPECIALIZED THEIR SKILLS IN FINDING FOOD ACROSS THE REGIONS OF AFRICA THAT’S WHY THEY ARE EXPERTS IN MIGRATING
  20. 20. AFRICAN TRIBES AKA Ashanti Hutu Khoikhoi Fang Ewe Zulu Afrikaners Fulani Fante
  21. 21. AKA NOMADIC PYGMY TRIBE DWELLING AROUND THE BORDER BETWEEN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC AND THE REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
  22. 22. ASHANTI ALSO KNOWN AS ASANTE. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE OF TWI LINGUISTIC STOCK, LIVING PRINCIPALLY IN THE ASHANTI REGION OF GHANA.
  23. 23. HUTU THEY’RE PEOPLE WHO MAKE UP MOST OF THE POPULATION OF RWANDA AND BURUNDI, SMALL NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES IN EAST CENTRAL AFRICA.
  24. 24. KHOIKHOI KHOIKHOI, TOGETHER WITH SAN, OCCUPIED THE WESTERN REGION OF WHAT IS NOW SOUTH AFRICA DURING 1000 AD
  25. 25. FANG ETHNIC GROUP AT ACOACAN, IN MAINLAND EQUATORIAL GUINEA. THIS IS THE TRIBE OF THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE EQUATORIAL GUINEA, TEODORO OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO.
  26. 26. EWE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE INHABITING THE COASTS OF THE REPUBLICS OF GHANA, TOGO, AND BENIN. THE NAME IS ALSO APPLIED TO THEIR LANGUAGE.
  27. 27. ZULU BANTU-SPEAKING PEOPLE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA. NUMBERING BETWEEN 8 AND 10 MILLION, THEY LIVE MAINLY IN THE PROVINCE OF KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA
  28. 28. AFRIKANERS FORMERLY KNOWN AS BOERS, SOUTH AFRICAN CULTURAL GROUP DESCENDED FROM EUROPEANS. THEY SPEAK AFRIKAANS AS THEIR NATIVE LANGUAGE.
  29. 29. FULANI PEOPLE OF AFRICA NUMBERING ABOUT 13 MILLION AND DISPERSED IN VARYING, OFTEN SIZABLE, CONCENTRATIONS THROUGHOUT THE GRASSLANDS AREAS OF WEST AFRICA
  30. 30. FANTE ALSO KNOWN AS FANTI. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE INHABITING THE TERRITORY OF THE FORMER NATIVE AFRICAN KINGDOM OF FANTE
  31. 31. MUSIC AFRICAN MUSIC MAY BE DIFFERENT TO OUR EARS, BUT FOR THEM, IT IS REALLY SIGNIFICANT
  32. 32. MUSIC (PAST) BETWEEN 1950S AND 1970S, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED BY THE STYLE OF MUSIC THAT VARIES OVERTIME. “AFROBEAT” AND “HIGHLIFE” ARE EXAMPLES OF IT
  33. 33. MUSIC (PRESENT) LATER, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED AGAIN AND ACCEPTED THE SOME STYLE OF MUSIC SUCH AS SAMBA, BLUES, JAZZ, REGGAE, HIP-HOP AND ROCK.
  34. 34. “ ” I KNOW NO NATIONAL BOUNDARY WHERE THE NEGRO IS CONCERNED. THE WHOLE WORLD IS MY PROVINCE UNTIL AFRICA IS FREE. MARCUS GARVEY (1887 – 1940), JAMAICAN-BORN NATIONALIST LEADER AND PUBLISHER, 1923
  35. 35. “ ” WE BELIEVE IN THE FREEDOM OF AFRICA FOR THE NEGRO PEOPLE OF THE WORLD, AND BY THE PRINCIPLE OF EUROPE FOR THE EUROPEANS, AND ASIA FOR THE ASIATICS, WE ALSO DEMAND AFRICA FOR THE AFRICANS AT HOME AND ABROAD. MARCUS GARVEY (1887 – 1940), JAMAICAN-BORN NATIONALIST LEADER AND PUBLISHER, 1923
  36. 36. SOURCES WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA MICROSOFT ENCARTA PREMIUM 2009
  37. 37. MEMBERS KARLO ALONZO GUIANG REYMAR MELCHOR TUTAAN MARK ELY NAMORO JAYSON CUBALIT PATRICIA JANE MATTERIG PRECIOUS JANE GUERRERO JESSA MEI ALONZO
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