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  • 1. Section 4
    Spain & Portugal
  • 2. History
    16,000 B.C.
    Cave paintings in Northern Spain
    Give exciting clues about the early people
    Ancient Times
    Important part of Mediterranean trade
    Greeks & Phoenicians built towns on coasts
    200 B.C.
    Iberia became part of Roman Empire
    A.D. 700s
    Moors (Muslim North Africans) conquered Iberian Peninsula
    Architecture from Moors still present in Spain today
  • 3. Great Empires
    900s to 1400s Christian rulers fought to get peninsula back
    King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella conquered last Moorish outpost
    Also sponsored Christopher Columbus trip to the Americas
    Portugal also sent out explorers
    Pope divide the world between Spain & Portugal
    Western lands, except Brazil, given to Spain
    Eastern lands given to Portugal
    Spain & Portugal grew rich from gold & agriculture from the American colonies, as well as from spices & silk from Asia
    King Philip II sent an armada to attack England
    Spanish were defeated & power began to decline
    Most colonies in America did not gain independence until early 1800s
  • 4. Government
    King of Spain lost power
    Became workers’ republic
    Tried to reduce role of church & give nobles’ lands to farmers
    Military leaders resisted & civil war followed
    Today Spain is a democracy w/ a national assembly & prime minister
    King plays modest role as head of state
    Portugal was ruled by a monarch
    1900s monarchy was overthrown
    Became a democracy
    Later overthrown by a dictator
    Revolution in the 1970s took place
    Today Portugal is a democracy w/ a president & prime minister
  • 5. Culture
    Spanish is most common dialect
    Basque people
    Have been given limited self-rule by the gov’t
    Small group still uses violence to protest Spanish control
    Food & Festivals
    Foods typical of Mediterranean (olives, olive oil, lemons, wheat, wine, & fish)
    Spain & Portugal are strong Roman Catholic countries
  • 6. The Arts
    Reflective of the people who have lived in the region
    Islamic influences in porcelain
    African influences in music & dance
    Pablo Picasso most famous painter of this region
  • 7. Spain & Portugal Today
    Both belong to European Union
    Allows free trade, travel, & exchange of workers among its members
    Economies are growing rapidly
    Ag. Products: wine, fruit, olives, olive oil, & cork
    Cars/trucks, Oranges, beef, & lamb are also exported
    Portugal exports clothing & timber products
    Tourism is also important