The Civil War and American Life
 Nation divided as well as divisions in the
North & South
 Northerners: some did not support the war or
want to restore ...
 Georgia
 Only half supported secession
 North Carolina
 Held nearly 100 peace protests
 Supplied second most number ...
 Many opposed the Emancipation
Proclamation
 Others believed South had a right to secede
 Northern Democrats
 Blamed L...
 People on both sides tried to disrupt the war
 Tried to encourage soldiers to desert
 Helped prisoners of war escape
...
 April 1862
 South: men aged 18-35 & later to 50 were drafted into
the army
 March 1863
 North: U.S. Congress created ...
 Bounty, or lump sum, of $1,500 was paid for
a 3-year enlistment
 This led to the practice of bounty jumping
 A man wou...
 Northern Industries
 boomed during the war; turned out goods Union needed
 Draft did drain away workers
 August 1861
...
 400 women disguised as men fought in the war
 Became spies
 Took over businesses, farms, plantations for men
who were ...
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Section 4

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Section 4

  1. 1. The Civil War and American Life
  2. 2.  Nation divided as well as divisions in the North & South  Northerners: some did not support the war or want to restore the Union  Southerners: some did not support a war to defend slavery or secession
  3. 3.  Georgia  Only half supported secession  North Carolina  Held nearly 100 peace protests  Supplied second most number of troops to Confederate army  Regions w/ large plantations supported the more stronger than poor black country regions  States’ Rights  Created divisions  Objections to officers from other states leading troops  Objection to Confederate government forcing men to do military service
  4. 4.  Many opposed the Emancipation Proclamation  Others believed South had a right to secede  Northern Democrats  Blamed Lincoln & Republicans of forcing the South into War  Called Copperheads; strongest in Ohio, Indiana, & Illinois; criticized the war & called for peace
  5. 5.  People on both sides tried to disrupt the war  Tried to encourage soldiers to desert  Helped prisoners of war escape  Southern peace groups worked against the Confederacy  Tried to prevent men from volunteering for military service  Habeas Corpus suspended  Lincoln & Jefferson Davis suspended Habeas Corpus in some places (constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment)  Empowered judges to determine if prisoners were being legally held  13,000 people in the North were arrested and jailed without trials
  6. 6.  April 1862  South: men aged 18-35 & later to 50 were drafted into the army  March 1863  North: U.S. Congress created a military draft  Draft laws  Incomplete & discriminatory  Could hire a substitute to avoid service  Could buy out by paying the government $300.00  Critics began calling the Civil War “a rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight”  Southern governors helped their citizens evade the draft  July 1863  Riots took place in New York City to show opposition to the draft
  7. 7.  Bounty, or lump sum, of $1,500 was paid for a 3-year enlistment  This led to the practice of bounty jumping  A man would enlist, collect his bounty and then desert, only to reenlist somewhere else
  8. 8.  Northern Industries  boomed during the war; turned out goods Union needed  Draft did drain away workers  August 1861  Congress levied 1st income tax in history  Union printed $400 million of paper money  Pay for expenses  1st federal paper money printed  Led to inflation; prices of goods in raised 80% during the war in the North  South  Less able to sustain war  Union blockade prevented ability to raise money  Shortages made goods more expensive  Led to greater inflation than in the North  $18 shoes now cost $800  Food production fell as Union armies destroyed farmland & crops  Led to riots for food, cloth, & shoes
  9. 9.  400 women disguised as men fought in the war  Became spies  Took over businesses, farms, plantations for men who were fighting in the war  Some women in the South worked the field to meet the needs of workers  Work in factories  Became teachers & nurses  Barriers to women fell  Elizabeth Blackwell became 1st female physician  Dorothea Dix became head of Union army nurses  Harriet Tubman continued to lead enslaved people to freedom  Clara Barton cared for wounded soldiers on the battlefield

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