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Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
Chapter 19 Section3
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Chapter 19 Section3

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 19
    Section 3
  • 2. Women Win the Vote
    Seneca Falls Convention of 1848
    Marked start of women’s rights movement
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony
    Formed National Woman Suffrage Association after C.W.
    Wanted right for women to vote
  • 3. Women Vote in the West
    Late 1800s
    Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, & Idaho allowed women to vote
    Recognized women’s contributions made to build farms & cities by allowing them to vote
    1890
    Wyoming applied for statehood
    Congress wanted to bar women from voting
    Wyoming lawmakers stood firm & was admitted with women being able to vote
  • 4. Growing Support
    1900s
    Women’s suffrage grew
    5 million women worked outside the home
    Paid less, but wages gave them some power
    Demanded say in law making
    Carrie Chapman Catt
    Developed way to win suffrage state by state
    Suffragists: people who worked for women’s rights to vote followed her plan
    Efforts brought steady gains
  • 5. The Nineteenth Amendment
    Women right to vote
    In some states it did not apply to federal elections
    Call for federal amendment to allow women to vote in all elections
    Alice Paul
    Met with President Wilson in 1913
    Explained suffragists were committed to achieving a federal amendment
    Wilson pledged support
    1919
    19th Amendment passed
    Guaranteed women right to vote
    August 1920
    ¾ of states ratified the amendment
    19th Amendment
    Doubled # of eligible voters
  • 6. New Opportunities for Women
    Women also struggled to gain access to jobs & education
    Were refused licenses to practice law or medicine
    Higher Education
    A few women managed to get higher education to enter a profession
    1877
    Boston University granted first Ph.D. to w woman
    1900
    1,000 women lawyers & 7,000 doctors
  • 7. Women’s Clubs
    At First
    Read books & sought ways to advance their knowledge
    In time many became reformers
    Raised money for libraries, schools, & parks
    Pressed for laws to protect women & children, ensure pure food & drugs, and win the vote
    African American women formed own clubs
    National Association of Colored Women
    Battled to end segregation & violence
    Joined battle for suffrage
  • 8. Women Reformers
    Progressive Era
    Some women committed themselves to reform
    Became social workers to help the poor
    Florence Kelley
    Investigated sweatshop conditions
    Became chief factory inspector in Illinois
    Main concern was child labor
    Organized boycott of goods produced in factories employed by young children
  • 9. Crusade Against Alcohol
    1820s
    Reform against alcohol abuse
    Women took leading role
    1874
    Woman’s Christian Temperance Union
    Frances Willard became president
    Spoke about evils of alcohol
    Wanted state laws to ban sale of liquor
    Worked to close saloons
    Later joined suffrage movement w/ other WCTU members
    Carry Nation
    More radical temperance crusader
    Husband died from heavy drinking
    Often stormed into saloons swinging a hatchet & smashed beer kegs & liquor bottles
    Actions gained publicity, but embarrassed WCTU
    1917
    18th Amendment passed by Congress
    Enforced prohibition (a ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol
    Ratified in 1919

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