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Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
Chapter 15 section 1
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Chapter 15 section 1

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  • 1. The Civil War
  • 2. The Call to Arms  President Lincoln  Declared rebellion existed in South, after Fort Sumter attack  Asked for 75,000 troops  Many states begged to send more  More States Secede  Tennessee, Kentucky, & Missouri  Refused to send troops  Maryland & Delaware did not respond to call for troops  Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, & North Carolina left the Union  Western counties of Virginia refused to secede & were admitted into Union as state of West Virginia
  • 3. The Border States  Delaware  Strong support for Union  Kentucky, Missouri, & Maryland  supported the South  Control of Ohio river & protecting Washington was part of these states  Kentucky  Declared itself neutral  Union did not invade Kentucky  Confederates invaded in September 1861  W/ move Kentucky decided to support Union  Missouri & Maryland  Lincoln used force to hold states in Union  Troops were sent in Missouri to break up fighting between Southern supporters & Union supporters  Maryland placed under martial law when Southern supporters destroyed railroad & telegraph lines
  • 4. North Against South  Southern Advantages:  Outnumbered, but had military advantages  Northern armies would have to invade & conquer South  Would be fighting on their own territory  Had most experienced military officers  Albert Johnston, Joseph Johnston, & Robert E. Lee  Northern Advantages:  Had more factories for producing supplies  Twice as much railroad track & farmland  Population advantage  Able to field, feed, & equip larger armies
  • 5. The Two Sides Plan Strategies  North:  Win a quick victory  Naval blockade on Southern seaports  Block supply of manufactured goods & overseas sales of cotton  Gain control of Mississippi River  South:  Did not need to invade the North  Defend their land until Northerners got tired of fighting  Sought aid from Britain & other European nations  British need for cotton would force support towards South
  • 6. Americans Against Americans  Civil War  War between Americans  Families spilt apart: brothers against brothers, father against son  Mary Lincoln  4 brothers who fought for Confederacy  Soldiers came from many backgrounds  Farmers, immigrants, etc.  Most of men between 18-45 years old, some as young as 14
  • 7. First Battle of Bull Run  Union  Led by General Irvin McDowell  30,000 men (not very well prepared for battle)  Confederates  Led by General Thomas Jackson  30,000 men  Hundreds of people came from Washington to watch the battle  Armies clashed along Bull Run River  Northern armies pushed forward at first  Southern army rallied & poorly trained Union army began to panic & fled back to Washington
  • 8. A Soldier’s Life  ¾ of time spent in camp, not fighting  Trained for 10 hours per day  Rest of time they stood guard, wrote home, & gathered firewood  Harsh Conditions  Camp conditions were miserable  Lack of clean water  Diseases swept through camps  Prisoners of War  Prison camps were built by both sides  were overcrowded & became deathtraps  10% of those who died during the war, died in prison camps

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