Chapter 14 section 2

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Chapter 14 section 2

  1. 1. SECTION 2 Poland and the Baltic Republic
  2. 2. History  Settled by many different groups  Groups became: Estonians, Latvians, & Lithuanians  Each had own language and culture  Historical events tie all together
  3. 3. Early History  People of the Baltics  Formed many independent kingdoms  Lithuania & Poland were largest & strongest  Ruled much of Eastern & Northern Europe  Latvia & Estonia small and weak kingdoms  Often invaded by others
  4. 4. The World Wars  WWI & WWII were devastating  WWI fought mainly in Poland: many soldiers and civilians died  WWII: began when Germany invaded Poland from the west. Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east. Millions were killed & property destroyed.  Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania also suffered  Occupied by Soviet army
  5. 5. Soviet Domination  Soviets dominated Eastern Europe after WWII  Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania became part of U.S.S.R. after war  Poland remained free, but had to have Communist gov’t  Communist gov’t was opposed by many  1991 the Baltic Republics broke away from U.S.S.R. & became independent once again.
  6. 6. Culture  Cultures are different & similar  Speak different languages and practice different religions  Latvian, Lithuanian, & Polish  Catholic & Lutheran  Common customs: cook same types of foods & enjoy same types of entertainment  Potatoes & sausage, seafood  Pottery, painting, and embroidery, music & dance  Frederic Chopin
  7. 7. The Region Today  Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, & Poland  Feel effects of Soviet Rule still  Economies not developed during Soviet Rule  No decent infrastructure (the set of resources, like roads, airports, and factories, that a country needs in order to support economic activities.  Working to build & strengthen economies  Replacing old & outdated factories w/ new ones  Seeking new sources of income  Tourism is on the rise in these countries
  8. 8. Estonia  History of Russian control  30% ethnic Russian  Russia is still important trading partner  New ties forming w/ Finland  Language related to Finnish  Most people are Lutheran  Ferries link Estonian capital w/ Finnish
  9. 9. Latvia  2nd largest Baltic country  Highest % of ethnic minorities  57% are Latvian  30% are Russian  Largest urban area of Baltic countries  Strong Scandinavian & Russian influences  Once part of Russian Empire & part once rules by Sweden  Most people are Lutheran  Sweden & Finland are important trading partners
  10. 10. Lithuania  Largest of southernmost Baltic countries  Small % of ethnic minorities  80% are Lithuania  9% Russian  7% Polish  Ancient ties w/ Poland  Roman Catholicism is main religion  Agriculture & production of consumer goods are
  11. 11. Poland  Largest & most populous  Gained independence after WWI  WWII communist gov’t formed by Soviets  1989 Communists allowed free elections  Ties w/ western countries has strengthened  1999 Poland, Czech Republic, & Hungary

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