Northern Europe
Physical Geography
Physical Features Land of Variety    Rolling hills, icy glaciers, fiery volcanoes    Changes from one location to anoth...
Hills & Mountains Rough, rocky hills & low mts. Present    Kjolen Mts. Separte Norway & Sweden    Farming difficult in ...
Farmland and Plains Located in Southern part of British Isles & Scandinavia    Rolling hills of Ireland & valleys in Eng...
Effects of Glaciers Have left mark on coastlines & lakes   Jagged coastlines w/    fjords (narrow inlet of    the sea be...
Natural Resources Have made region wealthiest in world    Energy resources, forests & soils, and seas Energy    Oil, n...
Climates Mostly near Arctic Circle Climates are remarkably mild    North Atlantic Drift        An ocean current that b...
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Chapter 14 section 1

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Chapter 14 section 1

  1. 1. Northern Europe
  2. 2. Physical Geography
  3. 3. Physical Features Land of Variety  Rolling hills, icy glaciers, fiery volcanoes  Changes from one location to another Two Regions  British Isles  Group of islands (Ireland & United Kingdom)  Scandinavia  Islands & Peninsulas (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark & Iceland)
  4. 4. Hills & Mountains Rough, rocky hills & low mts. Present  Kjolen Mts. Separte Norway & Sweden  Farming difficult in these areas (soil too rocky)  Less people live in these areas
  5. 5. Farmland and Plains Located in Southern part of British Isles & Scandinavia  Rolling hills of Ireland & valleys in England and Denmark
  6. 6. Effects of Glaciers Have left mark on coastlines & lakes  Jagged coastlines w/ fjords (narrow inlet of the sea between high, rocky cliffs)  Thousands of lakes across Northern Europe
  7. 7. Natural Resources Have made region wealthiest in world  Energy resources, forests & soils, and seas Energy  Oil, natural gas, hydroelectric energy, & geothermal energy (energy from the heat of Earth’s interior) Forests & Soils  Timber (Finland & Scandinavian Peninsula)  Fertile Soils (wheat & potatoes and livestock) Seas & Oceans  Fishing industry in Norway, Denmark, & Iceland
  8. 8. Climates Mostly near Arctic Circle Climates are remarkably mild  North Atlantic Drift  An ocean current that brings warm, moist air across the Atlantic Ocean (keeps region warmer than other locations w/ similar latitudes) Denmark, British Isles, & western Norway  Mild winters & frequent rainfall  Frosts & snow in winter, but does not last long Central Norway, Sweden, & southern Finland  Four true seasons (cold snowy winters & mild summers) Far North  Subarctic (long, cold winters & short summers)  Iceland extremely cold temps all year

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