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  • 1. Section 4
    Scandinavia
  • 2. History
    Once home to fierce Vikings
    Raided Europe and Mediterranean in Middle Ages
    Used longboats to attack villages along coasts and rivers
    Conquered British Isles, Finland, part of France, Germany, and Russia
    800s & 900s
    Vikings est. settlements in Iceland and Greenland
    1st Europeans to reach North America; led by Leif Eriksson
    1100s
    Raids ended
    Scandinavian chiefs strengthened kingdoms
    Norway, Sweden, & Denmark were most powerful
    1300s
    Denmark ruled a union of Scandinavian kingdoms and territories
    Eventually power challenged by Sweden
    1900s
    Scandinavian countries wanted their independence
    Today all but Greenland are independent countries
    Greenland remains part of Denmark as a self-ruling territory
  • 3. Scandinavia Today
    Countries are similar
    Same political views, language, and religion
    Wealthy cities, strong economies, and well educated workers
    High standards of living & health care
    All peaceful, stable, and prosperous nations
  • 4. Sweden
    Largest & most populous
    Most live in cities & towns
    For 200 years has been neutral country
    Play active role in U.N. and E.U.
  • 5. Denmark
    Once most powerful & smallest
    Most densely populated
    50% of land used for farming
    Meat & dairy products are important exports
    Modern industrial economy
    Food processing, machinery, furniture, & electronics
  • 6. Greenland
    Part of North America
    Territory of Denmark
    80% covered by thick ice
    Interior of country is uninhabitable
    Live mostly along southwestern coast in tundra climate
    Recent movement for independence
    Economic problems make it unlikely
  • 7. Norway
    Long, narrow, & rugged country
    Valuable resources
    Oil & natural gas
    Major fishing & shipping country
    Fjords shelter harbors
    Citizens have refused to gain E.U.
  • 8. Finland
    Lies between Sweden and Russia
    Trade is important
    Produces paper products & forest products
    Ship building and electronics
  • 9. Iceland
    Greener than name implies
    Fertile farmland
    Produce potatoes and vegetables
    Supports cattle and sheep
    70% of exports are fish
    Hot water from geysers heats homes & greenhouses