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Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
Chapter 13 section 2
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Chapter 13 section 2

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  • 1. The British Isles
  • 2.  Made up off 2 countries  Republic of Ireland & United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, & Northern Ireland)  Celts  1st to reach British Isles in 450 B.C.  Settled Wales, Scotland, & Ireland  Angles, Saxons, and Vikings est. small kingdoms  Came to British Isles from A.D. 400s to 1000s  Came from Germany & Denmark  Normans  Came from northern France  Conquered England & est. strong kingdom  England grew in strength and power (became world power)
  • 3.  Strong economy and navy help build vast Empire for England  Colonies est. in Americas, India, & Australia  Later in Africa and Asia  1700s & 1800s  U.K. became economic power  Was cradle of Industrial Revolution  Supplies of coal & iron & labor force promoted industries to grow  Early Industries: powered by coal  Textiles  Shipbuilding  Iron & later steel production  1840s food shortage in Ireland  Lack of support from England caused tensions
  • 4.  World Wars & Economic competition  Weakened U.K. in 1900s  Ireland wanted independence  All but Northern Ireland in 1949  Colonies wanted independence  Most of colonies after WWII
  • 5.  British rule of much of world has influenced government, people and popular culture around the world
  • 6.  Constitutional monarchy  A type of democracy in which a king or queen serves as head of state but a legislature makes the laws  Monarchs power limited in Middle Ages  Magna Carta: limited the powers of kings and required everyone to obey the law  Today:  Prime Minister leads gov’t and has elected Parliament  Republic of Ireland  President is head of state  Limited powers, but appoints Prime Minister  Parliament and Prime Minister run gov’t
  • 7.  Common culture traits  Common heritage (Celts, Angles, and Saxons)  Soccer and Rugby  Unique Id  Irish: Roman Catholic, speak Gaelic  Scotland: wear kilts & play bagpipes  Immigrants from former British colonies add to rich culture
  • 8.  Influences people all over globe  English: language of business, education, and the Internet  Music & literature: U2, Beatles, and Shakespeare
  • 9.  Challenges:  Bringing peace to Northern Ireland  Maintain powerful economy
  • 10.  Problems dates back many years  1500s Protestants from England and Scotland settled Northern Ireland  Soon outnumbered Irish Catholics  Protestants chose to remain part of U.K.  Catholics in Northern Ireland believe they have not been treated fairly & want to unite with Republic of Ireland  Two sides have waged bitter struggle for years
  • 11.  Among Europe’s strongest  London: capital of U.K. And center for world trade and industry  North Sea: energy reserves (oil and natural gas)  Ireland: computer equipment & software  Service Industries: banking, tourism, and insurance
  • 12.  Protestant majority & Roman Catholic minority have bitterly fought each other  Many deaths  Catholics: believe they have not been treated fairly & want to join Roman Catholic Republic of Ireland  Protestants: fear becoming minority; want to remain part of U.K.  Peace talks continue today

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