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Chapter 11 section 1
 

Chapter 11 section 1

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    Chapter 11 section 1 Chapter 11 section 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 12
      Southern Europe
    • Section 1
      Physical Geography
    • Countries of Southern Europe
      Portugal
      Spain
      Italy
      Greece
    • Physical Features
      Also known as Mediterranean Europe
      Most countries lie on its shores
      Stretches 2,300 miles
      Linked to Atlantic by Strait of Gibraltar
    • The Land
      3 Peninsulas
      Iberian Peninsula
      Portugal & Spain located here; high rocky plateau
      Cantabrian & Pyrenees Mountains
      Italy’s Peninsula
      Includes: Southern Alps, Apennines, islands of Sicily & Sardinia
      Greece’s Peninsula
      Mainland extends into Aegean Sea
      Mountainous & has more than 2,000 islands
      Peninsulas lie on coastal lowlands & river valleys
      Great areas for growing crops & building cities
      In uplands soils are thin & stony; earthquakes are common
    • The Rivers
      Ebro River
      Drains into Mediterranean
      Found in Iberian Peninsula
      Douro, Tagus, & Guadalquivir Rivers flow into Atlantic Ocean
      Po River is the largest in Italy
      Fertile agricultural region forms
    • Climate & Resources
      Warm & Sunny
      Rainfall in mild winter
      Some flooding & erosion
      Due to overgrazing & deforestation
      Sirocco
      Hot, dry wind from North Africa
      Picks up moisture from Mediterranean Sea
      Blows over Italy in spring & summer
    • Sea
      Important part of trade
      Many Mediterranean ports
      Wealth of seafood found in Mediterranean Sea
      Resources
      Iron ore, bauxite, chromium, lead, zinc, marble, & hydroelectricity
      Tourism is also any important part of the economy