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Chapter 1






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Chapter 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Unit 1
    History’s Beginnings
  • 2. Chapter 1
    Earliest Human Societies
  • 3. Early Human Migration to 10,000 years ago
  • 4. Studying History and Early Humans
    Why do people study history and try to learn more about the past?
    To find out about ancestors and more about themselves
  • 5. Why Study History
    What has happened to a person, a family, or society in the past may affect what will occur in the future
    More than recounting and studying past events
    Involves: studying society’s culture, religion, politics, and economics
    Historians try to find patterns and see past through eyes of people who lived it
  • 6. Primary and Secondary Sources
    Evidence used to answer Historians questions
    Primary Source: something written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event
    Military records, marriage certificates, diaries, and private letters
    Artifacts: buildings, works of art, tools
    Oral History: made up of verbal or unwritten accounts of events
    includes stories, customs, and songs
  • 7. Secondary Source: a work produces about a historical event by someone who was not actually there
    Newspapers, books, and paintings
    Oral History
  • 8. Why History Changes
    Historians might use different evidence
    Evidence is examined and trustworthy evidence is sorted.
    Evidence is interpreted: articles, books, and museum displays
    Interpretations can be conflicting
    Discovery of new evidence may lead to new conclusions
  • 9. Early Humans Were Hunter-Gatherers
    Hunted animals and gathered plants for food
    Moved to new locations when food ran out
  • 10. Adapting to the Environment
    Depended on Environment for shelter
    Lived in caves, rock shelters, made shelters out of tree branches, plant fibers or skins of animals
    Lived together in bands
    Made up of several families (30 people)
    Men: hunted and fished
    Women: gathered foods and cared for children
  • 11. Early Humans on the Move
    Hunter-gatherers were nomads: people who move from place to place
    Movement limited; returned to same places with changing seasons
    Some moved to new lands
    Migration: the act of moving from one place to settle in another
    People followed animals to hunt
    13,000 B.C. had migrated to much of world
    Traveled across a land bridge connecting Siberia and Alaska
  • 12. Developing Tools and Culture
    Technology: ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs.
    The Development of Technology
    2 million years ago Stone tools for cutting
    Carrying bags, stone hand axes, awls, drills, bows, flint spearheads, metal tools
    Tools used for: building shelter, hunting and butchering animals
    The Use of Fire
    500,000 years ago: learned to make fire
    Provided heat and light (could cook food)
    Used to temper tools made of metal
  • 13. Early Human Culture
    Art, language, and religion are unique to humans
    Language: develop out of need to communicate
    Religion: the worship of God, gods, or spirits
    Early Humans: everything in nature had a spirit
    Early Art: created in caves or on rocks
  • 14. The Beginnings of Agriculture
    8,000 B.C.
    Learned to grow plants and raise animals
    Climate Changes
    Rising temps caused glaciers to melt
    Humans could move into new areas
    Growing seasons became longer
    Domesticated : (humans learned to grown and breed the grasses ) wild grasses
  • 15. The Domestication of Animals
    Learned to capture and tame animals
    Captured animals provided constant source of food
    9,000 B.C.
    1st animals domesticated
    Reliable food source, clothing, and other products
    Made tools from bones
    Horses, llamas, and camels used for transportation
    Dogs domesticated to help in hunts
  • 16. The Agricultural Revolution
    Development of farming
    Agriculture: planting of seeds to raise crops
    Ag. Revolution
    Shift from food gathering to food raising
    Began around 8,000 B.C.
    Brought changes in tools and technology
    People made hoes, plows and sickles
    More food available allowed for increases in population and better opportunities to settle in one place