Jamaica

Summer Clark
Geography




 146 miles long
 21-52 miles wide
 Area= 10,911 square kilometers
 Largest Island of the Caribbean
 Highest ...
Geography

 2 dominant climates
     Tropical climate prvails windward of mountains
     Semi-arid climate dominates on op...
People
Estimated that nearly 750,000
enslaved persons were brought to
Jamaica between 1655 and 1807.
92% of Jamaica's resi...
People

 Jamaicans are modest and conservative dressers
     Display of skin is frowned upon in formal environments
     T...
Culture




  Largest religion is christian faith
     Estimated 80% of population of African traditional
     religious h...
Culture

  More than 30 distinctive Jamaican dances have been
  identified
     3 categories:
          African derived
  ...
History




  Many slaves arrived in Jamaica via the Atlantic slave trade
  Jamaica had one of the highest instances of sl...
History

  Spanish town became capital of Jamaica
  Had reputation of stunning beauty, including island and
  natives
  In...
Cited Sources

 Geography
     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Jamaica
 People
    http://www.jamaicans.com/tour...
Jamaican Contemporary
        Issues
      Summer Clark
General Election 2007

 Held September 3, 2007
 Slim victory for opposition, Jamaican labor party
    Led by Bruce Golding...
Current Parties

  Jamaica Labor party
     Ruling democratic party
  National Democratic Movement
     Minor conservative...
National Export Stategy

 Advance productivity and
 competitiveness of forms and
 industries, while enhancing
 business an...
Relations with U.S.
  U.S. maintains close and productive relations with
  government of Jamaica
  "Third Border Initiativ...
Sources

 http://en.wikipedia.
 org/wiki/Jamaican_general_election,_2007
 http://en.wikipedia.
 org/wiki/List_of_political...
Jamaican Culture

   Summer Clark
Music
Mento, ska, rocksteady, reggae,
dub music, dancehall, reggae
fusion and related styles
Fusion of elements from Unite...
Literature
 Began with folktales told by
 slaves during colonial period
 European tales were brought
 to island by immigra...
Architecture
 Reflects a synthesiso of African, Spanish, and baroque
 British influences
 Styles, materials, size and furn...
Theatre
 Earliest theater was built in 1682
 Many performances took place in houses, stores, court
 houses, and enclosed o...
Sources

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Jamaica
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaican_literature
 http://www.ever...
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Nation report 1

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Nation report 1

  1. 1. Jamaica Summer Clark
  2. 2. Geography 146 miles long 21-52 miles wide Area= 10,911 square kilometers Largest Island of the Caribbean Highest Area is Blue Mountains Limestone plateau covers two-thirds of the country
  3. 3. Geography 2 dominant climates Tropical climate prvails windward of mountains Semi-arid climate dominates on opposite side Warm trade winds from the east bring rainfall throughout the year Heaviest from May to October Temperatures average 25 to 30 degrees celcius Lies in Atlantic Hurricane Belt Experiences significant storm damage Indigenous vegetation can be found along northern coast
  4. 4. People Estimated that nearly 750,000 enslaved persons were brought to Jamaica between 1655 and 1807. 92% of Jamaica's residents are Black African descent Official language is English spoken with a Jamaican accent Language off the street is patois Combination of English, Spanish, Portuguese, African phrases, and Jamaican slang
  5. 5. People Jamaicans are modest and conservative dressers Display of skin is frowned upon in formal environments They wear colorful robes which are draped over soft linen underneath Hats are also worn to match their robes Their famed motto is "Out of many, One people" Popular games are polo, cricket, soccer, golf, and bicycle racing Known for their passion in sports Jamaica has maximum churches per square mile in the world
  6. 6. Culture Largest religion is christian faith Estimated 80% of population of African traditional religious healers when confronted with serious problems Jamaica's film industry is not widely known but is growing Have long history of fine craftsmanship in wood and metal Jamaican bobsled team has been a serious contender in the Winter Olympics Dominoes is played everywhere in Jamaica World's fastest man has been hailed from Jamaica
  7. 7. Culture More than 30 distinctive Jamaican dances have been identified 3 categories: African derived Religious & social European derived Creole Dance theater is also growing in importance began fusing music, humor, and dance into public theatrical performances Pantomime is most popular theatrical form that began in 1940's "Roots" theatre also evolved in the 1960's and 1970's
  8. 8. History Many slaves arrived in Jamaica via the Atlantic slave trade Jamaica had one of the highest instances of slave uprisings of any Caribbean island Land was originally called Xamayca, meaning "a land of wood and water" After Columbus' arrival in 1494, Spain claimed island and called it Santiago First slaves were brought in 1517
  9. 9. History Spanish town became capital of Jamaica Had reputation of stunning beauty, including island and natives In 1655, English forces seized island Cultivation of sugar cane and coffee by African slaves made Jamaica one of the most valuable possessions in the world In 1831, a large scale slave revolt known as the Baptist War broke Gained local political control in mid-1940's Power swapped between People's National Party and Jamaican Labor Party regularly. Jamaican emigration has been heavy Particularly to New York, USA
  10. 10. Cited Sources Geography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Jamaica People http://www.jamaicans.com/tourist/overview/people.shtml Culture http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Jamaica History http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Jamaica
  11. 11. Jamaican Contemporary Issues Summer Clark
  12. 12. General Election 2007 Held September 3, 2007 Slim victory for opposition, Jamaican labor party Led by Bruce Golding JLP defeated People's National Party after 18 years of unbroken rule
  13. 13. Current Parties Jamaica Labor party Ruling democratic party National Democratic Movement Minor conservative party People's National Party Main opposition party United People's Party Minor Party
  14. 14. National Export Stategy Advance productivity and competitiveness of forms and industries, while enhancing business and trade environments Improve performance so contribution will be 1/5 GDP in year 2012 Reduce balance of trade deficit (imports vs. exports) Reduce debt Increase job creation
  15. 15. Relations with U.S. U.S. maintains close and productive relations with government of Jamaica "Third Border Initiative" launched to deepen U.S. cooperation with Caribbean nations U.S. is Jamaica's most important trading partner Major transit point of cocaine and marijuana en route to U. S.
  16. 16. Sources http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Jamaican_general_election,_2007 http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_Jamaica http://www.jamaicatradeandinvest.org/nes/faqs. php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaica_%E2%80% 93_United_States_relations
  17. 17. Jamaican Culture Summer Clark
  18. 18. Music Mento, ska, rocksteady, reggae, dub music, dancehall, reggae fusion and related styles Fusion of elements from United States, Africa, and Soca Bob Marley made reggae famous Rapping, lovers rock, and jungle music are all influenced by Jamaican music
  19. 19. Literature Began with folktales told by slaves during colonial period European tales were brought to island by immigrants Thomas MacDermot is credited for fostering the creation for Jamaican literature Island's local dialect has become an important element to their literature and other arts
  20. 20. Architecture Reflects a synthesiso of African, Spanish, and baroque British influences Styles, materials, size and furnishings differ more by class than by ethnicity Traditional dwelling is two-room rectangular structure with a pitched thatched roof and walls of braided twigs covered with mud or wooden planks
  21. 21. Theatre Earliest theater was built in 1682 Many performances took place in houses, stores, court houses, and enclosed outdoor spaces Fused music, humor, and dance into public theatrical performances Pantomime is most popular theatrical form
  22. 22. Sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Jamaica http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaican_literature http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Jamaica.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Jamaica
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