Acute Rhinitis Chronic Rhinitis Acute Rhinosinusitis Chronic Rhinosinusitis Nasal endoscope Surgery Otorhinolaryngology The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University Zhang Gehua [email_address]
Introduction 3 min
Acute rhinitis 5min
Chronic Rhinitis 5min
Actue Rhinosinusitis 20 min
Chronic Rhinosinusitis 20 min
Nasal endoscope surgery 15 min
Conclusion & Questions 10 min
Acute Rhinitis: An acute condition which affects the nasal mucous caused by inflammation.
Characterized ------ runny nose and stuffiness, usually caused by the common cold
latent period: 1~3days Course: 7 ～ 10days
Discomfort in the nose
Sneezing, Runny nose (watery & clear ---thicker & yellow -green)
Others: Headaches, Decrease in ability to smell, Nasal obstruction
Sinuses (maxillary sinusitis, frontal sinusitis and some other kinds of sinusitis)
Middle ear (otitis)
Eye mucosa (conjunctivitis)
Other respiratory organs (pharyngitis,
laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia)
Decongestants: which help open clogged nasal passages (<7days)
Antihistamines: which help dry a runny nose
Cough syrups: which may make coughing easier by thinning secretions or suppressing cough
Chronic rhinitis is usually an extension of acute rhinitis caused by inflammation or an infection.
------It also may occur with diseases such as syphilis, tuberculosis, rhinoscleroma , rhinosporidiosis, leishmaniasis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and leprosy.