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The most common form of cancer among women. The second most common cause of cancer related mortality …

The most common form of cancer among women. The second most common cause of cancer related mortality
1 of 8 women (12.2%). One third of women with breast cancer die from breast cancer

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  • 1. www.mediassistcare.com www.mediassistcare.com
  • 2.      MBBS,DGO,MRCOG(london), Dip.Endoscopy (Germany) Infertility Specialist Areas of Interest ◦ Subfertility ◦ Endoscopy ◦ High Risk Obstetrics Director,Niramaya Hospital Sr. Consultant,Max Hospital Sec.appreciation Award(IMA) 2013 www.mediassistcare.com
  • 3. Dr. Sandhya Gupta www.mediassistcare.com
  • 4. Breast Cancer The most common form of cancer among women The second most common cause of cancer related mortality 1 of 8 women (12.2%) One third of women with breast cancer die from breast cancer www.mediassistcare.com
  • 5.  Female (1% male)  Aging  Relative (mother or sister)  Menstrual history early on set late menopause  Child birth After the age of 30
  • 6.     Radiation exposure Breast disease ◦ Atpyical Hyperplasia ◦ Intraductal carcinoma in situ ◦ Intralobular carcinoma in situ Obesity Diet ◦ Fat ◦ Alcohol
  • 7.   Hormonal replacement therapy(HRT) ◦ 30% increased risk with long term use Oral Contraceptives(OC) ◦ risk slight ◦ risk returns to normal once the use of OC’s has been discontinued
  • 8.     BRCA-1 BRCA-2 P53, Rb-1 Her-2/neu, c-erB2, c-myc
  • 9. www.mediassistcare.com
  • 10. www.mediassistcare.com
  • 11. www.mediassistcare.com
  • 12.       Puckering Dimpling Retraction Nipple discharge Thickening of skin or lump or “knot” Retracted nipple www.mediassistcare.com
  • 13.       Change in breast size Pain or tenderness Redness Change in nipple position Scaling around nipples Sore on breast that does not heal www.mediassistcare.com
  • 14. Most common: lump or thickening in breast. Often painless Discharge or bleeding Change in size or contours of breast Redness or pitting of skin over the breast, like the skin of an orange Change in color or appearance of areola www.mediassistcare.com
  • 15.    Clinical exam by MD or nurse Mammography Monthly breast self-exam (BSE) www.mediassistcare.com
  • 16.     Performed by doctor or trained nurse practitioner Annually for women over 40 At least every 3 years for women between 20 and 40 More frequent examination for high risk patients
  • 17.     X-ray of the breast Has been shown to save lives in patients 50-69 Data mixed on usefulness for patients 40-49 Normal mammogram does not rule out possibility of cancer completely
  • 18. American Cancer Society recommends: Women (asymptomatic) 40 years of age and older should have a mammogram every year. www.mediassistcare.com
  • 19.     Mammogram facility guidelines Avoid mammogram week before period Don’t wear deodorant powder or cream Bring a list of the places and dates of other mammograms,biopsies you’ve had before www.mediassistcare.com
  • 20.     Opportunity for woman to become familiar with her breasts Monthly exam of the breasts and underarm area May discover any changes early Begin at age 20, continue monthly
  • 21.       Menstruating women- 5 to 7 days after the beginning of their period Menopausal women same date each month Pregnant women – same date each month Takes about 20 minutes Perform BSE at least once a month Examine all breast tissue
  • 22.      Fear Embarrassment Youth Lack of knowledge Too busy, forgetfulness
  • 23. Modifiable risk factors •Life Style Choices Non- Modifiable risk factors •Gender •Age •Ethnicity •Family History •Radiation exposure •Reproductive Factors www.mediassistcare.com
  • 24. BREAST CANCER “P.I.N.K. ” P ractice what you know • eat healthy • be active • don ’t smoke • one drink per day or less I nvestigate the information • know fact from fiction N know what ’s normal • for your body and breasts K nowledge is power www.mediassistcare.com
  • 25. BREAST CANCER TREATMENT Treatment for breast cancer is often a combination of the following treatments: •Surgery •Chemotherapy •Radiation •Hormone Treatment www.mediassistcare.com
  • 26. Surgery ◦ Removing the area of concern and some normal tissue surrounding it is called a lumpectomy ◦ Removing the breast is called a mastectomy (most women with breast cancer will not need the breast removed) ◦ Lymph nodes from under the arm may be removed with either surgery www.mediassistcare.com
  • 27. Chemotherapy •the use of a combination of intravenous drugs which affect breast cancer cells •is called systemic treatment because it affects the whole body www.mediassistcare.com
  • 28. Radiation •standard treatment after a lumpectomy to reduce the chance of the breast cancer coming back in the same breast •is also called local treatment because it affects only the area being treated with radiation www.mediassistcare.com
  • 29. Hormone Treatment •growth of many breast cancers can be blocked by taking hormone therapy •treatment is in the form of a pill which is taken for 5 years •may be recommended for women who have a breast cancer that is sensitive to hormones www.mediassistcare.com
  • 30. Hereditary Breast Cancer Hereditary Breast Cancer is suspected when : several close family members have been diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer a number of generations are involved family members have been diagnosed at a young age both breasts have been involved a male relative has been diagnosed only 5 – 10% of breast cancers are hereditary www.mediassistcare.com
  • 31. for more :- please go on www.mediassistcare.com Mail to :- sumitsinha@mediassistcare.com www.mediassistcare.com
  • 32. About the Company :Mediassist Tourism Pvt. Ltd is an endeavour of Holidays to Treasure – it has emerged to be one of the largest Destination Management Company reaching out to discerning travelers from continents across the globe, even while its reputation for providing the best in services remains unequalled. On the basis of growth and turnover in foreign exchange earnings, we have been awarded National Tourism Award for outstanding performance as an Inbound Tour Operator (1st position in Category-IV) in 2008-2009 and 20092010. A part of this in August 2013 we are started medical tourism company in the name of Mediassist Tourism Pvt. Ltd www.mediassistcare.com