Renewable Energy in India Programmes and Case Studies
Introduction Renewable energy sector growth in India during the last four years has been significant, even for electricity generation from renewable sources. The grid connected systems with installed capacities in the MW range indicate a growth of 96% for wind power, 26% in small hydro, 234% for biomass/co generation power and 200% for solar power. Even for the decentralized systems, the growth for solar home lighting systems has been 300%, solar lanterns 99% and solar water pumps 196%. Renewable energy systems are also being looked upon as a major application for electrification of 20,000 remote and unelectrified villages and hamlets by 2007 and all households in such villages and hamlets by 2012.
India’s Programme Planning for Renewable energies Commission for Additional Sources of Energy (CASE); Research and development of biogas and programmes relating to biogas units. Programme relating to improved wood stoves and research anddevelopment thereof;All matters relating to small/mini/micro hydel projects of and below25 MW capacity; Research and development of other non-conventional/renewablesources of energy and programmes relating thereto; Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP); Soft funding for renewable energy systems through Indian Ensuring implementation of Government’s policies in regard to allmatters concerning new and renewable sources of energy.
Functional GroupsThe Ministry is broadly organized into six FunctionalI. Groups dealing with ‘Rural Energy.II. ‘Power from Renewable.III.‘Energy from Urban.IV. Industrial Wastes.V. New Technologies.VI.‘Administration and Coordination.
Policy Initiatives MNES has set a goal of increasing the share of renewables to 10% of the additional planned capacity in the next 10 years, by 2012 – that is 10,000 MW15 States have so far announcedpolicies for grid connectivity of renewable energy projects. The Ministry is interacting with the regulatory commissions invarious States to help in bringing about a rational pricing frameworkthat takes into account a rational pricing framework that takes intoaccount the environmental costs and other externalities ofconventional energy, as well as the benefits of non-conventionalenergy options, with a view to providing a level playing field in theenergy sector.
Potential of renewable energy use and achievements during (1999-2003)S.No Programmers Potential Utilization As on 12.10.07 As on 12.10.o9 growth during last 2 years in % A. GRID CONNECTED SYSTEM 1. WIND POWER(IN MW) 54,000 1022 2002 96 2. SMALL HYDRO POWER(IN MW) 15,000 1218 1530 26 3. BIOMASS POWER(IN MW) 19,500 171 571 234 4.URBAN/INDS..WASTE POEWR(IN MW) 2,500 2 26 1200 5.SOLAR POWER(IN MW) 20 1 3 200 TOTAL 2414 4132 71
S.No Programmers Potential Utilization As on 12.10.99 As on 12.10.03 Growth during the last four years (%)6.Biogas Plants (Nos. in million) 12.0 2.88 3.55 247.Solar Home Lighting Systems (Nos) 64,000 2,60,000 3008.Solar Street Lighting Systems (Nos) 32,920 43,470 329.Solar Lanterns (Nos in million) 2,22,000 4,42,000 9910.SPV Pumps (Nos) 21,160 6,400 196Solar Water Heating Systems 140 0.57 0.7 22(lakh sq meter collector area)
Major AchievementsOver 4200 MW grid power from wind,smallhydro,biomass and solar energy.3600 remote villages/hamlets, including those inSunderbans,Bastar, Ladakh and the North East electrifiedthrough solar energy.Deployment of 7.5 lakh solar photovoltaic systems forlighting, communication and related uses.7 lakh sq.meter collector area solar water heatingsystems installed.