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  • 1. A Seminar Report on “FUEL ENERGIZER” Submitted by, SUMIT AMBEKAR Roll No.-61 th V Semester Mechanical Seminar Guide Er. BHUSHAN C. BISSA Session 2011-2012 Department of Mechanical Engineering,Guru Nanak Institute of Engineering and Management Dahegaon, Kalmeshwar 1
  • 2. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Seminar Report on FUEL ENERGIZER is a bonafide work ofSUMIT AMBEKAR Who have worked for this Seminar Report and completed the same during academic year2011-12 in partial fulfillment for Degree of Mechanical Engineering. And that the said work has been accessed by me and the same is up to the standardenvisaged for the level of the course. SESSION 2011-12Er. BHUSHAN C. BISSA Prof. S. S. SHUKLA Seminar Guide, Head of Department, 2
  • 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Success in the manifestation of diligence, reserverance, inspiration, motivation andinnovation. I the projectee ascribe our success in the venture to Er. BHUSHAN C. BISSAwhose endeavor fortnight, innovation and dynamism contributed in a big way in complementingthis seminar within the stipulated time. This work is reflection of his thoughts, ideas, conceptsand above all his modest efforts. I am also thankful to all the members of esteemed staff of our endeavor. I wish to expressour profound thanks to our HOD PROF. S.S.SHUKLA who help to make this seminar reality,department who have helped me directly or indirectly , thanks to all those who have shown keeninterest in this work and provided the most needed encouragement. Mr. SUMIT AMBEKAR Roll No.-61 3
  • 4. CONTENTSChapter No. Title Page No. 1. Introduction 1 2. Need of fuel energizer 2 3. What fuel energizer does? 3 4. Working of fuel energizer 4-5 5. Magnetizer and hydrocarbon 6-7 6. Installation of fuel energizer 8 7. Comparison with catalytic convertor 9-10 8. applications 11 9. Conclusion 12 10. Reference 13 4
  • 5. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Today’s hydrocarbon fuels leave a natural deposit of carbon residue that clogs carburetor,fuel injector, leading to reduced efficiency and wasted fuel. Pinging, stalling, loss of horsepowerand greatly decreased mileage on cars are very noticeable. The same is true of home heating unitswhere improper combustion wasted fuel (gas) and cost, money in poor efficiency and repairs dueto build-up. Most fuels for internal combustion engine are liquid, fuels do not combust until they arevaporized and mixed with air. Most emission motor vehicle consists of unburned hydrocarbons,carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. Unburned hydrocarbon and oxides of nitrogen react inthe atmosphere and create smog. Smog is prime cause of eye and throat irritation, noxious smell,plat damage and decreased visibility. Oxides of nitrogen are also toxic. Generally fuels for internal combustion engine is compound of molecules. Each moleculeconsists of a number of atoms made up of number of nucleus and electrons, which orbit theirnucleus. Magnetic movements already exist in their molecules and they therefore already havepositive and negative electrical charges. However these molecules have not been realigned, thefuel is not actively inter locked with oxygen during combustion, the fuel molecule orhydrocarbon chains must be ionized and realigned. The ionization and realignment is achievedthrough the application of magnetic field created by ‘Fuel Energizer’. 5
  • 6. CHAPTER 2 NEED OF FUEL ENERGIZER Now days there is tremendous increase in population and number of vehicles. As weknow that we are using conventional fuel for running our vehicle, it may be petrol , diesel, LPGor CNG. These conventional fuels are available in limited amount. Hence we need to save theconventional fuels. In this time are suffering from increasing fuel prices and maintenance, here a devicecalled ‘FUEL ENERGIZER’ help us to Reduce Petrol /Diesel /Cooking gas consumption up to28%, or in other words this would equal to buying the fuel up to 28% cheaper prices and reducethe maintenance of vehicle. When fuel flow through powerful magnetic field created by Magnetizer Fuel Energizer.The hydrocarbons change their orientation and molecules in them change their configuration.Result: Molecules get realigned, and actively into locked with oxygen during combustion toproduce a near complete burning of fuel in combustion chamber 6
  • 7. CHAPTER 3 BENEFITS OF FUEL ENERGIZER More mileage (up to 28% increase) per liter due to 100% Burning of fuel. No fuel wastage. Increased pick-up. Reduced engine noise. Reduced smoke. Faster A/C cooling. Smooth running, long term maintenance free engine. 30% extra life for expensive catalytic converter. Reduction in exhaust smoke 7
  • 8. CHAPTER 4 WORKING OF FUEL ENERGIZER Most fuels for internal combustion engines are liquid, but liquid fuels do not combustuntil they are vaporized and mixed with air. Most emissions from motor vehicles consist ofunburned hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen. Unburned hydrocarbon andoxides of nitrogen react in the atmosphere and create smog. Smog is the prime cause of eye andthroat irritation, noxious smells, plant damage and decreased visibility. Oxides of nitrogen arealso toxic. Fig. 4.1 change of fuel in energizer Generally, fuel for an internal combustion engine is composed of a set of molecules. Eachmolecule consists of a number of atoms made up from a nucleus and electrons which orbitaround their nucleus. Magnetic movements already exist in these molecules and they thereforealready have positive and negative electrical charges. However, because these molecules havenot been realigned, the fuel is not actively interlocked with oxygen during combustion, the fuelmolecules or hydrocarbon chains must be ionized and realigned. This ionization and realignmentis achieved through the application of the magnetic field created by the Fuel Energizer. 8
  • 9. Fuel mainly consists of hydrocarbons and when fuel flows through a magnetic field, suchas the one created by the Fuel Energizer, the hydrocarbons change their orientation andmolecules of hydrocarbon change their configuration. This has the effect of ensuring that the fuelactively interlocks with the oxygen, producing a more complete burn in the combustion chamber.The result is higher engine output, better fuel economy and a reduction in the hydrocarbons,carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen that are emitted through the exhaust. The ionization ofthe fuel also helps to dissolve the carbon build-up in carburetor jets, fuel injectors andcombustion chambers, thereby keeping the engine in a cleaner condition. 9
  • 10. CHAPTER 5 THE MAGNETIZER & HYDROCARBON FUEL The simplest of hydrocarbons, methane, (CH4) is the major (90%) constituent of naturalgas (fuel) and an important source of hydrogen. Its molecule is composed of one carbon atomand four hydrogen atoms, and is electrically neutral. From the energy point of view, the greatestamount of releasable energy lies in the hydrogen atom. Why? In octane (C8H18) the carboncontent of the molecule is 84.2%. When combusted, the carbon portion of the molecule willgenerate 12,244 BTU (per pound of carbon). On the other hand, the hydrogen, which comprisesonly 15.8% of the molecular weight, will generate an amazing 9,801 BTU of heat per pound ofhydrogen. Hydrogen, the lightest and most basic element known to man, is the major constituent ofhydrocarbon fuels (besides carbon and smaller amount of sulphur and inert gases). It has onepositive charge (proton) and one negative charge (electron), i.e. it possesses a dipole moment. Itcan be either diamagnetic or paramagnetic (weaker or stronger response to the magnetic flux)depending on the relative orientation of its nucleus spins. Even though it is the simplest of allelements, it occurs in two distinct isomeric varieties (forms) - para and ortho. It is characterized by the different opposite nucleus spins. In the para H2 molecule, whichoccupies the even rotation levels (quantum number), the spin state of one atom relative to anotheris in the opposite direction ("counterclockwise", "antiparallel", "one up & one down"), renderingit diamagnetic; whereas in the ortho molecule, which occupies the odd rotational levels, the spinsare parallel ("clockwise", "coincident", "both up"), with the same orientation for the two atoms;therefore, is paramagnetic and a catalyst for many reactions. Thus, the spin orientation has apronounced effect on physical properties (specific heat, vapor pressure) as well as behavior of thegas molecule. The coincident spins render orthohydrogen exceedingly unstable. In fact, orthohydrogenis more reactive than its parahydrogen counterpart. The liquid hydrogen fuel that is used to powerthe space shuttle or rockets is stored, for safety reasons, in the less energetic, less volatile, less 10
  • 11. reactive parahydrogen form. During the start of the shuttle, the orthohydrogen form is beneficialsince it allows to intensify the combustion processes. To secure conversion of para to ortho state,it is necessary to change the energy of interaction between the spin state of the H2 molecule.MAGNETIZER ALLOW TO MEET THE REQUIRMENTS AS FALLOWSRule 1: Unburned hydrocarbon (HC) as well as carbon monoxide (CO) emitted from a vehiclesexhaust system can be viewed as the additional fuel reserve, since, if proper conditions are met,HC & CO can be further burned in the combustion chamber. Therefore, creating such propercombustion conditions is paramount.Rule 2: Hydrogens chemical reaction, determined by its valence (the electron "surplus" in the"outer" orbital shell), is affected by a magnetic field since proper magnets are the prime source ofcontrol of the position of electrons.Rule 3: The application of a proper magnetic field enforces beneficial changes in fuel structureand enhances its general reactivity in the combustion process.Rule 4: If a hydrocarbon molecule could better bind with oxygen molecules (be more completelyoxidized), then the toxicity of fumes would be considerably limited and in principle, one coulddispense with catalytic converters. 11
  • 12. CHAPTER 6 INSTALLATION OF FUEL ENERGIZER Magnetizer fuel energizer (e.g.:- Neodymium super conductor – NSCM) is installed oncars, trucks immediately before carburetor or injector on fuel line. On home cooking gas systemit is installed just before burner. Figure 6.1 installation 12
  • 13. CHAPTER 7 COMPARISION WITH CATALYTIC CONVERTORCATALYTIC CONVERTOR- Catalytic converter is a device which used to convert toxic exhaust emission from an ICengine into non toxic substance Inside a cc. a catalyst stimulate a chemical reaction in which noxious byproduct ofcombustion undergoes a chemical reaction Many vehicles have a close-coupled catalysts located near the engines exhaust manifold.This unit heats up quickly due to its proximity to the engine, and reduces cold-engine emissionsby burning off hydrocarbons from the extra-rich mixture used to start a cold engine. In the past, some three-way catalytic converter systems used an air-injection tube betweenthe first (NOx reduction) and second (HC and CO oxidation) stages of the converter. This tubewas part of a secondary air injection system. The injected air provided oxygen for the oxidationreactions. An upstream air injection point was also sometimes present to provide oxygen duringengine warmup, which caused unburned fuel to ignite in the exhaust tract before reaching thecatalytic converter. This cleaned up the exhaust and reduced the engine runtime needed for thecatalytic converter to reach its "light-off" or operating temperature. Most modern catalytic converter systems do not have air injection systems] Instead, theyprovide a constantly varying air-fuel mixture that quickly and continually cycles between leanand rich exhaust. Oxygen sensors are used to monitor the exhaust oxygen content before andafter the catalytic converter and this information is used by the Electronic control unit to adjustthe fuel injection so as to prevent the first (NOx reduction) catalyst from becoming oxygen-loaded while ensuring the second (HC and CO oxidization) catalyst is sufficiently oxygen-saturated. The reduction and oxidation catalysts are typically contained in a common housing,however in some instances they may be housed separately 13
  • 14. 1. Most catalytic converters require air pumps to initiate catalysis. Air pumps steal power from the engine, reduce fuel economy and are costly to install when one compares such cost with the cost of the Fuel Energizer. The Fuel Energizer will improve fuel economy and performance.2. Catalytic converters require a certain temperature to be reached before they become operative. This temperature is usually achieved after 5 to 8 kilometers. As a cold catalytic converter does not work, exhaust fumes after starting the engine are equally as toxic as they would be if the catalytic converter was not fitted. The Fuel Energizer starts working immediately.3. The Fuel Energizer can easily be transferred from car to car, as long as it is within the same group e.g. petrol to petrol or diesel to diesel. A catalytic converter cannot.4. The cost of the Fuel Energizer is a fraction of the cost of a catalytic converter.5. Vehicles that use catalytic converters require unleaded petrol, but normal practice indicates that unleaded fuel is often carried in tankers that have previously been carrying leaded petrol. Even a trace of lead in un leaded fuel is enough to drastically reduce the effectiveness of a catalytic converter, which itself means that more toxic substances are released into the atmosphere than they would otherwise be. The Fuel Energizer works well with all types of petrol, as well as with diesel and LPG.6. Fuel is often adulterated in India, but the Fuel Energizer has been designed taking this into account.7. Catalytic converters have a finite lifetime under optimum conditions. In adverse conditions, for example where the fuel is often adulterated, the life of the catalytic converter is shortened. The Fuel Energizer is not so affected.8. The Fuel Energizer is a totally environmentally friendly product. The catalytic converter is not. Traces of oil that escape into the exhaust not only destroy the effect of the converter, but they are also the cause of a small amount of highly toxic chemical compounds such as prussic acid and platinum compounds which are released into the atmosphere 14
  • 15. CHAPTER 8 APPLICATIONThe fuel energizer has wide range of applications some of them are as fallow: 1. In four wheeler : Cars , Buses, Trucks 2. In two wheeler : Scooters, Motorcycles, Auto Rickshaw 3. Heavy machines : Locomotive /Trains, Ambulance, Earthmoving equipments And construction equipments 4. Home appliances : Gas Cylinder 15
  • 16. CHAPTER 9 CONCLUSION• By establishing correct fuel burning parameters through proper magnetic means (Fuel Energizer) we can assumed that an internal combustion engine is getting maximum energy per liter.• vehicle with lowest possible level toxic emission.• It helps to save the fuel upto 28%• It reduce the maintenance of vehicle. 16
  • 17. CHAPTER 10 REFERENCE1. www.thefuelenergizer.com/how.htm2. www.magnetimattress.com.3. www.thefuelenergizer.com/4. www.thefuelenergizer.com/compare.htm5. “Electronics for you” dated may 2010 17