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Employee Motivation

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The presentation begins with the concept of motivation from Hindu mythology & extends to classical as well as contemporary theories of motivation substantiated with examples from real life

The presentation begins with the concept of motivation from Hindu mythology & extends to classical as well as contemporary theories of motivation substantiated with examples from real life

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  • This is a good one. Is it possible to mail me a copy of this presentation. Thanks in advance.
    G.Ganesh
    ganethri@gmail.com
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  • Simple and concise, but excellent presentation.
    If you dno't mind, please send e-mail to me.
    no1196242@hanmail.net
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  • 1. Here comes your footer  Page INDIAN Employee AMERICAN Employee THE BOSS
  • 2. EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION Indian vs. Western Conceptualization..
  • 3. Contents of Presentation-
    • What is Motivation?
    • Do cultural differences matter?
    • From Vedanta to Vartmaan
    • Theories of Motivation
      • Early
      • Contemporary
    • Is there any best way to motivate?
  • 4. MOTIVATION
    • Motivation is a process that accounts for Individual’s
      • Intensity of effort
      • Direction of effort
      • Persistence of effort
      • towards attaining a goal…….
  • 5. Do cultural differences matter?
    • Italy- what exactly do you mean ?
    Greece- That’s just perfect !! Egypt- Be patient…
  • 6. MOTIVATION IN VEDANTA
    • Right action, performed in an excellent manner will manifest the best of qualities in us. It will uplift the doer and produce maximum happiness to greatest number of people.
  • 7. THE SPIRITUAL DIMENSION
        • MOKSHA
          • Self Actualization
        • DHARMA
          • Towards human beings & organization
  • 8. MOTIVATION = INSPIRATION
    • What inspires an employee ( shishya )?
      • Vishwas (trust)
      • Shradha (respect)
    • Workers see their managers ( acharya ) as person above average with qualities
      • Charitra (character)
      • Satyata (honesty)
  • 9. EARLY WESTERN STYLE
    • “ You can make a donkey move by offering carrot or stick”
    • Motivation techniques :
      • Kick him in the back (KHIB)
      • Psychological punishment
      • Fringe benefits
      • Human relations
  • 10. Contents of Presentation-
    • What is Motivation?
    • Do cultural differences matter?
    • From Vedanta to Vartmaan
    • Theories of Motivation
      • Early
      • Contemporary
    • Is there any best way to motivate?
  • 11.
    • Everything begins with needs… Why would Motivation Theories differ……Agree?
  • 12. HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY
  • 13.
    • Two sides of the coin!!!!!
  • 14. THEORY X & THEORY Y
    • Theory X
      • assumes workers have little ambition, dislike work and avoid responsibility
      • assumed that lower order needs dominate
    • Theory Y
      • assumes workers can exercise self-direction, accept and consider work to be a natural activity
      • assumed that higher order needs dominate
  • 15. What would you prefer- a pat on the back or a lavish office?
  • 16. TWO FACTOR THEORY
    • Hygiene Factors
    • Motivators
  • 17. INDIAN VS WESTERN
      • Study conducted across west & east
      • Not much difference found
      • Both rated motivators higher than hygiene
  • 18.
    • All three are/ were motivated.
    • But what motivated them?
  • 19. McCLELLAND’s THEORY OF NEEDS
    • Need for ACHEIVEMENT
    • Need for POWER
    • Need for AFFILIATION
  • 20. INDIAN VS WESTERN
    • Individualistic culture as US (score-91) displays high nACH
    • Collective culture like India (score-48) displays high nAFF
    • The trends are under transformation due to increasing global exposure of India
  • 21. Contents of Presentation-
    • What is Motivation?
    • Do cultural differences matter?
    • From Vedanta to Vartmaan
    • Theories of Motivation
      • Early
      • Contemporary
    • Is there any best way to motivate?
  • 22.
    • A gardener working in a public park as a hobby; If I start paying him for it, will his productivity increase or decrease?
  • 23. COGINITIVE EVALUATION THEORY
    • Extrinsic reward for internally rewarding act decreases the motivation
    • Criticism- What about verbal praise (Extrinsic Reward)
  • 24.
    • When will Cristiano Ronaldo be more motivated-
    • A tense penalty shootout or practice sessions?
  • 25. GOAL SETTING THEORY
    • Specific goals increase performance
    • Involvement in goal setting helps
    • Nothing motivates like self generated feedback!!
    • Make it public- Goal Commitment..
  • 26. INDIAN VS WESTERN
    • Power distance score of US (40) & India (77)
    • Due to greater power distance
      • Involvement in goal setting not that effective
      • Work profile rigidly followed
  • 27.
    • Congratulations!!!!
    • You are hired by McKinsey for a Pay Package of 14 Lakhs!!!
    Next year your Junior from IIM-S is hired for 20 Lakhs! If you realize that the Junior is a genius!! How do you feel now ????????? After all, there ought to be a difference yaar!!
  • 28. EQUITY THEORY
    • What I put in it, is what I Get! ( Perceived Fairness )
    • Justice-
      • I got what I deserve ( Distributive )
      • I got a good explanation for what I got ( Procedural )
      • I was told of this in a very polite manner ( Interactional )
  • 29. INDIAN VS WESTERN
      • Employees in Asia often readily accept inequitable treatment in order to preserve group harmony
      • Due to cultural conditioning women may not feel they are treated inequitably
  • 30.
    • What is that ‘extra’ thing for which Tendulkar exerts that ‘extra’ effort to hit a six than a single?
  • 31. EXPECTANCY THEORY
    • Individual acts in a certain way based on
      • what outcome is the act followed by?
      • what is the attractiveness of the outcome for him/her?
  • 32. WAYS TO MOTIVATE
    • Variety, identity & significance of task in a job! (JCM)
    • Job rotation, enlargement & enrichment (Job Redesign)
    • Flextime, Job Sharing, Telecommuting
    • Employee Involvement- Participative management
    • Performance pay, Bonuses, Skill based pay, Profit Sharing Plans, ESOPs, Employee Recognition

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