Charity To Iskcon

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Charity to ISKCON - The highest form of charity

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Charity To Iskcon

  1. 1. Charity to Krishna (God) Consciousness <ul><li>He who lives as a trustee of his property and spends his money in charity thinks that the property really belongs to the Lord, and lives happily. </li></ul><ul><li>Sins can be destroyed by charity. Lord Jesus says: &quot;Charity covereth a multitude of sins.&quot; Charity is a great purifier of heart. </li></ul><ul><li>See God everywhere. Share with all. O Man! Give plenty in charity. You will enjoy peace, plenty and prosperity. </li></ul><ul><li>Think well towards suffering people. Pray for their welfare. Feel that every being is a manifestation of the Lord. This will accomplish more good than much money. </li></ul><ul><li>See God everywhere. Share with all. O Man! Give plenty in charity. You will enjoy peace, plenty and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of life is God-realisation. Never forget this. It is your birthright. </li></ul><ul><li>To become divine is the aim of life. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of human birth is to achieve Divine Consciousness. You have come here to attain supreme and unalloyed Bliss. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of your existence is to serve with divine bhava (attitude), to purify and steady the mind, to attain freedom and perfection, which is Self-realisation. </li></ul><ul><li>Pray to Him like a child. Be frank and confess all your troubles before Him. If you take one step nearer to the Divine Being, He will come a hundred by leaps and bounds to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Surrender everything to Him. Let Him mould you in any way He likes. He will remove all defects and weaknesses </li></ul>
  2. 2. Charity to Krishna (God) Consciousness <ul><li>I have learnt that it is foremost duty of the man to learn to give - give in charity, give in plenty, give with love, give without any expectation. Charity is incomplete without charity of disposition, charity of feeling, charity of understanding. – Swami Sivananda </li></ul><ul><li>Charity is the disposition to think favorably of others and do them good. In a general sense, charity means love, benevolence and goodwill. In a theoretical sense, it is universal goodwill to man and supreme love to God. </li></ul><ul><li>Charity is love in action. True charity is the desire to be useful to others without thought of recompense or reward. </li></ul><ul><li>Every good act is charity. To be kind and loving is charity. To forget and forgive some harm done to you is charity. A kind word said to a suffering man is charity. </li></ul><ul><li>The whole world is your home. You are a citizen of the world. Cultivate a generous feeling for the welfare of the whole world. </li></ul><ul><li>Bhakti is the passport to the Kingdom of the Lord. Practice sadachara (right conduct), ahimsa, satyam (truth) and brahmacharya (celibacy). Destroy worldly passions and cravings. Then alone Bhakti will grow. </li></ul><ul><li>Bhakti transmutes man into divinity. It makes him perfect. It gives him eternal satisfaction. It weans the mind from the sensual objects. It makes him rejoice in God. It blossoms afterwards into Jnana (Knowledge). It leads to Immortality or God-realization. </li></ul><ul><li>Have definite, chief aim - God-realisation. Practise self-control, have a fully ripe and pure mind. Cultivate strong discrimination, burning yearning for liberation. Meditate ceaselessly on your inner Self which is the only Reality, which is pure Consciousness, have perfect faith in guru and God. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Virtues of Charity <ul><li>A man is remembered for his deeds – good deeds or evil deeds, but never for his bank balance </li></ul><ul><li>Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God's people. </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship in the world is governed by self-interest. It is good to have God our Friend; he will not desert us. </li></ul><ul><li>The riches of men of wisdom and piety enlarge their usefulness. </li></ul><ul><li>An honest witness saves lives, but one who tells lies is dangerous. </li></ul><ul><li>Piety and holiness always promote industry, sobriety, and honesty. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs. </li></ul><ul><li>For the love of money is the root of all kinds of evil </li></ul>
  4. 4. Virtues of Charity <ul><li>Command those who are rich in this present world not to be arrogant nor to put their hope in wealth, which is so uncertain, but to put their hope in God, who richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment. </li></ul><ul><li>Command the rich to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share. </li></ul><ul><li>In this way they will lay up treasure for themselves as a firm foundation for the coming age, so that they may take hold of the life that is truly life. </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up but should be performed. Indeed, sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls. Souls - Such as are innocent, from false accusations </li></ul><ul><li>For we brought nothing into the world, and we can take nothing out of it. But if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that. </li></ul><ul><li>People who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge men into ruin and destruction. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Virtues of Charity <ul><li>A hundred years from now, nobody will possibly remember how much money I had in my bank account. The only thing that will be remembered about me will be my deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>He truly gives charity who gives fro his heart, who gives lovingly. He is truly merciful who converse with everyone from his heart, and not only with the mind an the lips, who renders sincere, heartfelt respect to everyone, who preaches the word of God and serves God with a true heart and not hypocritically – Saint John of Kronstadt. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not miss the golden opportunity this life gives you for God-realisation. Let each day dawn for you as a fresh opportunity and occasion, opening up before you to move one step further towards the great attainment of God-realization. </li></ul><ul><li>Be good, do good. Be kind, be tolerant, be generous, be charitable. Be patient, be persevering. Be pure, be wise. </li></ul><ul><li>Service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Shri Krishna gives unlimited glory to man. For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devotee of Lord Krishna Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on 2 nd October is celebrated as National Holiday of India and he is called the father of the nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Krishna’s devotee Srila Prabhupada is worshipped around the world in six hundred temples every day by fifty thousand people as he was the founder of ISKCON movement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Siddhartha attained worship able glory throughout the world and much more than any ordinary prince when he left his riches and went to meditate upon God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even in other religions, Saints are hugely respected by everybody, such as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Patrick’s day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Andrews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Kabir </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mother Teresa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Stephen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Bartholomew </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saint Benedict </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Glories of Holy Name <ul><li>All days are celebrated when God arrived on Earth, such as </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diwali </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Janamashtami </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>All days are celebrated when demons got killed, such as </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dusshera when Ravana got killed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independence Day of India when the British Raj (Ravana demoniac raj) left India and India became symbolically an independent and free country </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom is a value cherished by all </li></ul><ul><li>ISKCON teaches four regulative principles of freedom: </li></ul><ul><li>Demoniac people want to dominate other people even without any valid authority. But all countries celebrate their Independence days, such as America celebrates 4 th of July as its Independence day. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone wants to get admission in St Stephens college, St Xaviers College, Sri Ram College Of Commerce, but nobody wants to get admission in Hitler’s college or Devil’s college. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Service to Krsna (God) <ul><li>Krsna is attracted by the smallest service </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Brahma addressed Lord Krsna as Acyuta because the Lord is never forgetful of a little service rendered by His devotee. He is so kind and affectionate towards His devotees that a little service by them is accepted by Him as a great deal.&quot; (Krsna Book, Ch. 14: &quot;Prayers Offered by Lord Brahma to Lord Krsna&quot; ) </li></ul><ul><li>I like this description of Krsna, it makes Him attractive to me, because He is a person who cares, a God with a heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Atheism in danger </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;There are few people so stubborn in their atheism who when danger is pressing in will not acknowledge the divine power.&quot; –Plato </li></ul><ul><li>Doubt is arising from ignorance </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Now hear, O son of Partha, how by practicing yoga in full consciousness of Me, with mind attached to Me, you can know Me in full, free from doubt.&quot; ( Bhagavad-gita 7.1) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge, both phenomenal and numinous. This being known, nothing further shall remain for you to know.&quot; ( Bhagavad-gita 7.2) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Those who are on this path are resolute in purpose, and their aim is one. O beloved child of the Kurus, the intelligence of those who are irresolute is many-branched.&quot; ( Bhagavad-gita 2.41) </li></ul>
  8. 8. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>“ Whatever is done without faith whether it is sacrifice, charity, austerity, or any other act is useless. It has no value here or hereafter, O Arjuna.” (17.28) </li></ul><ul><li>Largest book-distribution program for distribution of Bhagavada Gita and Srimad Bhagavatam “The one who shall propagate this supreme secret philosophy, the transcendental knowledge of the Gita, amongst My devotees, shall be performing the highest devotional service to Me, and shall certainly come to Me. No other person shall do more pleasing service to Me, and no one on earth shall be dearer to Me. (18.68-69) </li></ul><ul><li>“ I promise the study of this sacred dialogue of ours will be equivalent to worshipping Me with knowledge-sacrifice.” (18.70) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whoever hears this sacred dialogue with faith and without cavil becomes free from sin, and attains salvation.” (18.71) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>Nationwide presence and international presence of temples and guesthouses for spiritual tourists Charity that is given as a matter of duty, to a deserving candidate who does nothing in return, at the right place and time, is considered to be charity in the mode of goodness. (17.20) Charity in the mode of goodness is the best purifying, beneficial, and righteous act. It equally benefits both the giver and the receiver (MB 13.120.16). Nobody does anything for others. They all do for their own benefit. Even charitable works done for others are really done for one’s own good (MB 12.292.01). It is the giver, not the receiver, who is blessed. Yogiraj Mumtaz Ali says: When you serve a less fortunate person in any way — material or spiritual — you are not doing him or her a favor. In fact, the one who receives your help does you a favor by accepting what you give, and thereby helps you to evolve and move closer to the divine, blissful being, who in reality is within all. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred refuge for devotees who may be harassed by evil demoniac people Supreme Controller: Lord Krishna is the supreme controller. “I give heat, and I withhold and send forth the rain” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.19) “With a single fragment of myself I pervade and support this entire universe”(Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.42) </li></ul><ul><li>Holy place to stay for business people while traveling worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>5. Dharmo Rakshita Rakshitaha: Those who protect Dharma are protected by Dharma </li></ul><ul><li>6. Descending from authentic parampara / disciplic succession system by Srila Prabhupada </li></ul>
  10. 10. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>7. Helps to save pious souls due to having brahmacari ashrams. God becomes happy when you help to save pious souls because: a. You cannot come to the kingdom of God unless you bring another soul with you b. Pleasing God’s devotees is even better than worshipping God himself Supreme Creator: Lord Krishna is the origin of all. “The whole cosmic order is under me. By my will it is manifested again and again, and by my will it is annihilated at the end” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.8) “Furthermore, O Arjuna, I am the generating seed of all existences. There is no being, moving or unmoving, that can exist without me” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.39) “I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts”(Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.8) “Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both the origin and the dissolution” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 7.6) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Sanatana Dharma strictly followed preserving the valuable culture of India </li></ul><ul><li>9. Proper brahminical initiations after proper bhakti shastri examinations </li></ul><ul><li>10. Very high standards of worship and Brahminical initiation with proper training and proper tests conducted (Bhakti Sastri training and examinations) to make sure the high quality of brahminical initiations </li></ul><ul><li>11. Unified largest umbrella body for devotees and worship is better for expansion of Dharma </li></ul><ul><li>Those having the qualities of heroism, vigor, firmness, dexterity, not fleeing from battle, charity, and administrative skills are called leaders or protectors (Kshatriyas). </li></ul><ul><li>12. charity (money or help given to aid the needy; an organization, fund or institution whose purpose is to aid those in need – derived from the Christian concept of caritas, meaning love of one’s neighbor) </li></ul><ul><li>13. Four regulative principles strictly followed: No meat eating, No intoxication, No illicit sex, No gambling </li></ul><ul><li>14. Presence of ISKCON throughout India in all the holy dhams, so any pilgrimage tour can make use of ISKCON by staying in ISKCON guesthouses for the period of pilgrimage travel </li></ul><ul><li>Those who have serenity, self control, austerity, purity, patience, honesty, transcendental knowledge, transcendental experience, and belief in God are labeled as intellectuals (Braahmans). </li></ul><ul><li>15. Regular disciplined daily temple programs including classes on Bhagavada Gita/ Srimad Bhagvatam/ Aarti from 4:15 am to 8:45 pm </li></ul><ul><li>16. Least Government intervention and corruption. So, temple funds are properly utilized to promote God consciousness through preaching and distribution of sacred scriptures such as Bhagvad Gita and Srimad Bhagvatam </li></ul>
  11. 11. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>17. Wealth used to preserve and promote Dharma is the best use of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>You shall overcome all difficulties by My grace when your mind becomes fixed on Me. But, if you do not listen to Me due to ego, you shall perish. </li></ul><ul><li>18. Not being charitable is demoniac and leads to hell and hellish conditions of life </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Lord — as the controller abiding in the inner psyche of all beings — causes them to work out their Karma like a puppet (of Karma created by the free will) mounted on a machine. </li></ul><ul><li>19. Those who do not perform sacrifices for the pleasure of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Shri Krishna can never achieve happiness neither in this world nor in the next </li></ul><ul><li>20. Benefits of charity to Krishna Consciousness are eternal. After many many births, we get this rare human body in which we have a chance to develop God consciousness. God consciousness cannot be developed in animal’s body. So, we should make use of human body to self-realize and do more than merely eating, sleeping, mating and defending which can be done even better by animals who never develop God consciousness. Omniscient: Lord Krishna knows the past, present, and the future. `“O Arjuna, I know everything that has happened in the past, all that is happening in the present, and all things that are yet to come. I also know all living entities” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 7.26) “Many, many births both you and I have passed. I can remember all of them, but you cannot!”(Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 4.5) </li></ul><ul><li>21. Giving charity leads to divine protection/ spiritual energy of the Lord. This leads to ascension to higher and higher heavenly planets such as Swarga loka, Indralok, and finally the supreme planet Krsnalok. Supreme Maintainer: “The splendor of the sun, which dissipates the darkness of the whole world, comes from me. And the splendor of the moon and the splendor of fire are also from me” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 15.12) “I enter into each planet, and by energy they stay in orbit” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 15.13) “This material nature, which is one of my energies is working under my direction” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.10) </li></ul>
  12. 12. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>22. ISKCON has many useful and great charitable programs such as: a. Book distribution b. Cow protection c. Building and manitainence of places of worship d. Active outreach preaching programd such as Village preaching, Rath Yatra and many more preaching programs e. Disciplined temple programs f. Nitya-annadanam g. Midday school meals h. Gurukula: Bhaktivedanta Swami School i. liberal distribution of pradasam and sankirtana, the whole world can be programs come peaceful and prosperous.” j. “Food For Life” </li></ul><ul><li>23. Donors to Krishna Consciousness provide divine protection and God’s favour to such pious divine donors Omnipotent: Lord Krishna is omnipotent, meaning he is the greatest. “There is no truth beyond Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread”(Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 7.7) </li></ul><ul><li>24. Being demoniac and miserly leads to destruction of world (for example, many scholars are predicting end of world on 21st December 2012) </li></ul><ul><li>25. Giving charity to God consciousness provides one with lot of joy and pleasure Supreme Father: “It should be understood that all species of life, o son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed giving father” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 14.4) “I am the father of this universe, the mother, the support and the grandsire”(Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.17) </li></ul><ul><li>26. Divine people who donate to promotion of Dharma and Krishna consciousness also enjoy very good social credibility, public trust and respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Works of charity and sacrifice must be done for they purify even great souls. Acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up; they must be performed. Indeed, sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls. BG 18.5 </li></ul>
  13. 13. 30 reasons (THIRTY REASONS) why charity to ISKCON is the highest form of charity: <ul><li>27. ISKCON follows strict vaishnava culture and guidelines to make ideal citizens who are able to do the best welfare work for benefit of society. </li></ul><ul><li>28. Everything that ISKCON does is done in broad daylight. There are no hidden illegal activities, no corruption and no misuse of funds </li></ul><ul><li>29. God owns all the three planetary system. God does not need anything from anybody. However, anything that we give to promotion of God consciousness and dharma only goes to our own eternal credit </li></ul><ul><li>Seek refuge in the Supreme Lord alone with loving devotion, O Arjuna. By His grace you shall attain supreme peace and the Eternal Abode. </li></ul><ul><li>30. People learn many useful things when associating with ISKCON such as a. Learn to harness the power of the Mind through mantra Meditation. b. Unleash the potentials of the soul to find inner fulfillment. c. Gain access to the power of God to overpower undesirable and self-destructive habits and traits. d. Empower yourself with timeless Vedic techniques to successfully tackle the stresses and tensions of modern living. e. Harmonize yourself with the universal laws of Karma and thus save yourself from future suffering. f. Discover the non-sectarian spiritual truths that can unify all religions and people. g. Find the treasure of peace, happiness and love that lies hidden within your own heart. In terms of your Dharma body and wisdom life, the Dharma is far more important than money. Don’t take worldly wealth so seriously. It was believed that the Kshatriyas were assigned to be protectors of Dharma (duty/justice) and their people.They were sanctioned by the Gods to serve humanity. The noble king is regarded as a Dharma Raja (Just Ruler). People ruled by aryas (honourable men) are led by the Divine light. Kshtariya Dharma is specifically described in the Mahabharata: “Have you never heard the Kshatriya Dharma: Stand straight and never bow down, for this alone is manliness. Rather break at the knots than bend!” (Mahabharata, as retold by William Buck, University of California Press Berkeley Los Angeles London 1973) Hinduism is theoretically constituted of its scriptures categorised as Shruti and Smriti. Shruti scriptures are essentially Vedas, including the Upanishads, and Smriti scriptures are essentially Sutras, including the Manusmriti, which dealt with Hindu law and conduct. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Importance of Dharma <ul><li>Having regard to the importance of -Dharma, the need for the scrupulous observance of Dharma is forcefully expressed in the following famous verse: </li></ul><ul><li>DHARMA EVA HATO HANTI DHARMO RAKSHATI RAKSHITAH TASMADDHARMO NA HANTAVYO MA NO DHARMO HATOVADHEET </li></ul><ul><li>“ Those who destroy Dharma get destroyed. Dharma protects those who protect it. Therefore, Dharma should not be destroyed so that we may not be destroyed as a consequence thereof”. (Manu. VIII-5; Read ANNEXURE-I) </li></ul><ul><li>The principle laid down in this saying is of utmost importance and significance. </li></ul><ul><li>In the above shortest saying, the entire concept of Rule of Law is incorporated. </li></ul><ul><li>The meaning it conveys is that an orderly society would be in existence if everyone acts according to Dharma and thereby protects Dharma and such an orderly society which would be an incarnation of Dharma. in turn, protects the rights of individuals. A state of Dharma was required to be always maintained for peaceful coexistence and prosperity of all. The Ruler was only the Penultimate authority. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (1-4-14) declares: </li></ul><ul><li>TADETAT KSHATRASYA KSHATRAM YAT DHARMAH TASMAT DHARMAT PARAM NASTI </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dharma is the King of kings. Nothing is superior to Dharma”. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, former President of India, quoted this verse in the course of his speech for the adoption of the Constitution, in the Constituent Assembly. (Shiva Rao- The Framing of India’s Constitution, Vol-II, pp 1-18 at 15) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Charity to Krishna Consciousness <ul><li>Your Life-Time Opportunity Most beneficial to your own self in the service of God Shri Krishna (God) owns everything. There is nobody equal to, let alone greater then Shri Krishna in all the three worlds since time immemorial. Shri Krishna does not need anything from you. If you give to Shri Krishna, then it is to your own merit. People want to see God. But you should do something that God sees you. There are millions of devotees throughout the world who are already giving all their lives and efforts and resources to Shri Krishna consciousness. But, if you give anything to Shri Krishna consciousness (God consciousness), then it is the best thing that you could do for your own self, in this world and the next world as well, both in life and thereafter. If you offer anything to Shri Krishna with love and devotion, Shri Krishna returns it a thousand times back to you. Shri Krishna-conscious charity is also the highest Dharma activity that you can do. Giving to Shri Krishna consciousness is also the highest welfare activity that you can do for the entire human civilization. The following are some examples of people who gave to Shri Krishna and Shri Krishna reciprocated/ rewarded them by giving them eternal respectability and glory. Had the following people not given to Shri Krishna-consciousness, then Shri Krishna-consciousness would not have been affected, but these great souls would never have got the great goodwill that they enjoy that they got by giving to Shri Krishna consciousness. So, giving charity to Shri Krishna consciousness only goes to your own merit: 1. Canakya Pandit: The diplomatic enclave in New Delhi is named Chanakyapuri in honour of Chanakya. Canakya Pandit starts his Niti-Sastra by paying Homage to Lord Sri-Visnu and glorifies Vaisnavas. Lord Sri-Visnu blessed him by making his niti-sastra immemorial and even the most sophisticated place in Delhi is named after him, i.e. CanakyaPuri where all the embassies and high commission of many countries are located. </li></ul><ul><li>2. King Akbar – built four temples for Sri Sri Radha Govindaji in Vrindavana: King Akbar is respected as a great saintly king and he is as much respected for his intelligent warfare skills as he is respected for being a saint and building four temples for Sri Sri Radha Govindaji. After Emperor Akbar’s visit to Vridavan in the year 1570, he gave permission for four temples to be built by the Gaudya Vaisnavas, which were Madana-mohana, Govindaji, Gopinatha and Jugal Kisore. </li></ul><ul><li>3. George Harrison and Hinduja Group of Companies: The famous Beatle singer George Harrison gifted a twenty acre land at Watford, London to Hare Krishna movement for the purpose of building a temple several years back. His name is permanently glorified with Bhaktivedanta Manor Temple built on that land. Hinduja Group of companies maintains the running expenses of that temple and it adds tremendously to the prestige of the Hniduja Group being associated with the Bhaktivedanta Manor. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Charity to Krishna Consciousness <ul><li>4. His Divine Grace Jagat Guru A. C. Bhakti Vedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada: Revered and respected as Jagat-guru and savior of whole world, Srila Prabhupada, a great devotee of Lord Krishna, wrote many books which are most widely distributed worldwide. Many years after his passing away, he is still worshipped in 600 temples throughout the world by more than 50,000 devotees every day. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Birla group of companies: Laxmi – Narayana temples: Birla industrialists have built six temples all over India for Sri Sri Lakshmi Narayana (Sri Vishna – Sri Krishna) and these temples are also known as Birla-Mandirs and are visited by thousands of devotees everyday. This is the highest honour that any business person can expect to get ever. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Mahatma Gandhi, National Father of India: Gandhiji became Mahatma by reading Bhagavad Gita daily throughout his lifetime. It is stated in Gita Mahtmaya that reading Bhagavad Gita is even more purifying than water of the holiest river Ganges </li></ul><ul><li>7. King Asoka The Great  – built Sarnath Temple: King Asoka is respected as Asoka the great and Asoka Chakra is imbibed even in the Indian National Flag. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The King Solomon Temple in Jerusalem: The King Solomon Temple in Jerusalem: The Lord commanded of King Solomon: “He will build me a House, and I will establish his (Solomon’s) throne forever”. </li></ul><ul><li>9. King Indrayumna built the temple of Jagannath: The master of the world is at Jagannathpuri, also known as Puri. King Indrayumna observed fast onto death at Mount Neela, later he performed a horse sacrifice and built the magnificent temple for Lord Vishnu at Jagannath Puri. According to the legend, Indrayumna, the king of Malava in Sata Yuga was a great devotee of Vishnu and built Jagannath Temple. Indradyumna got Visvakarma the architect of Gods, to build a magnificent temple to house the idols and Vishnu himself appeared in the guise of a carpenter to make the idols on condition that he was to be left undisturbed until he finished the work. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Charity to Krishna Consciousness <ul><li>10. Maharaja Man Singh built Sri Sri Radha Govindaji Mandir: Built in 1590 by Maharaja Man Singh for the original Govindaji deity discovered by Srila Rupa Goswami. Govindaji was removed from this temple and reinstalled in Jaipur when the Muslim Emperor Aurangzeb destroyed part of the temple in 1670. </li></ul><ul><li>11. Wealthy Seth family of Mathura built Rangaji Temple - This South Indian style temple was built by the wealthy Seth family of Mathura in the year 1851 , and is dedicated to Lord Ranganatha or Rangaji, a form of Lord Vishnu lying down on the Sesa Naga (celestial serpent). </li></ul><ul><li>12. Vijayanagara king Krishna Deva Raya (AD 1509-1529) built Krishna temple at Hampi: One of the largest temple complexes in Hampi is the Krishna temple, built by the Vijayanagara king Krishna Deva Raya (AD 1509-1529) for the consecration of the image of Balakrishna brought by him from Udayagiri after his victorious campaign in Orissa. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Mathura Krishna Balram Mandir - Built by the International Society for Shri Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), it is one of the most beautiful temples in Vrindavan. The principal deities of this temple are Krishna, his brother Balram and Radha (Krishna’s consort). </li></ul><ul><li>14. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj- “Is there a greater hero, a greater saint, a greater bhakta and a greater king than Shivaji?” </li></ul><ul><li>15. Ganga King Narasimha Deva built Sun Temple at Konark: This temple was built in 1278 CE by the Ganga King Narasimha Deva. Konarak is a Sun Temple in Orissa. It is a beautiful temple almost in ruins and getting buried in the sand. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Charity to Krishna Consciousness <ul><li>16. King Suryavarman II built Angkor Wat Temple: a temple dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu by, who reigned between 1131 and 1150. It was constructed over a period of 30 years and is world famous for its beauty and splendor. </li></ul><ul><li>17. Chola emperors Rajaraja-I built Rajarajeswaram Temple in Thanjavur: The greatest of (985 A.D - 1012 A.D) the son of Sundara Chola (Parantakaa-II) and Vanavanmahadevi built this magnificent temple Brihadisvaram at Thanjavur - the capital of Chola dynasty. Later during Nayak kings rule, the subramaniyar temple was built inside the temple. </li></ul><ul><li>Tirumala: All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century ad), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijaynagar (14th-15th century ad) were devotees of this shrine. </li></ul><ul><li>King Krishnadevaraya built Tirupati temple . It was during the rule of the Vijaynagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple increased . Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple. </li></ul><ul><li>The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald that is still preserved in a box named after the general. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God’s people <ul><li>14:18. Sin is the shame of sinners; but wisdom is the honour of the wise. </li></ul><ul><li>19. Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God's people. </li></ul><ul><li>20. Friendship in the world is governed by self-interest. It is good to have God our Friend; he will not desert us. </li></ul><ul><li>21. To despise a man for his employment or appearance is a sin. </li></ul><ul><li>22. How wisely those consult their own interest, who not only do good, but devise it! </li></ul><ul><li>23. Labour of the head, or of the hand, will turn to some good account. But if men's religion runs all out in talk and noise, they will come to nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>24. The riches of men of wisdom and piety enlarge their usefulness. </li></ul><ul><li>25. An upright man will venture the displeasure of the greatest, to bring truth to light. </li></ul><ul><li>26,27. Those who fear the Lord so as to obey and serve him, have a strong ground of confidence, and will be preserved. Let us seek to this Fountain of life, that we may escape the snares of death. </li></ul><ul><li>28. Let all that wish well to the kingdom of God, do what they can, that many may be added to his temple. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>29. A mild, patient man is one that learns of God, who is Wisdom itself. Unbridled passion is folly made known. </li></ul><ul><li>30. An upright, contented, and benevolent mind, tends to health. </li></ul><ul><li>An honest witness saves lives, but one who tells lies is dangerous. </li></ul><ul><li>31. To oppress the poor is to reproach our Creator. </li></ul><ul><li>32. The wicked man has his soul forced from him; he dies in his sins, under the guilt and power of them. But godly men, though they have pain and some dread of death, have the blessed hope, which God, who cannot lie, has given them. </li></ul><ul><li>33. Wisdom possesses the heart, and thus regulates the affections and tempers. </li></ul><ul><li>34. Piety and holiness always promote industry, sobriety, and honesty. </li></ul><ul><li>35. The great King who reigns over heaven and earth, will reward faithful servants who honour his gospel by the proper discharge of the duties of their stations: he despises not the services of the lowest. </li></ul><ul><li>14:25 Souls - Such as are innocent, from false accusations </li></ul>Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God’s people
  21. 21. Present-age star devotees <ul><li>Anil Ambani </li></ul><ul><li>Mukesh Ambani </li></ul><ul><li>Amitabh Bachhan </li></ul><ul><li>Amar Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Rahul Dravid </li></ul><ul><li>Hema Malini: celebrated her 60 th Birthday at ISKCON Tirupati </li></ul><ul><li>Ajitabh Bachhan </li></ul><ul><li>Actor Rajnikanth </li></ul><ul><li>HDFC Chairman Deepak Parekh </li></ul><ul><li>Sunil Mittal: I believe in divine intervention: I have faith in a power which has always guided me through thick and thin. This is the power which infuses me with a positive spirit and provides encouragement -- day after day. I do not visit temples regularly, but I have been to Tirupati and Vaishno Devi. (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-32019056,prtpage-1.cms ) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls <ul><li>Chapter 18. Conclusion--The Perfection of Renunciation </li></ul><ul><li>TEXT 5 </li></ul><ul><li>yajna-dana-tapah-karma na tyajyam karyam eva tat yajno danam tapas caiva pavanani manisinam </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSLATION </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up but should be performed. Indeed, sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Greatness of Lord Krishna 7.6—Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both the origin and the dissolution. 7.7—There is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread. 7.8—I am the taste of water, the light of the sun and the moon, the syllable Om in the Vedic mantras; I am the sound in ether and Ability in man. 7.9—I am the original fragrance of the earth and I am the heat in fire. I am the life of all that lives, and I am the penances of all ascetics. 7.10—Know that I am the original seed of all existences, the intelligence of the intelligent, and the prowess of all powerful men. 7.11—I am the strength of the strong, devoid of passion and desire. I am sex life which is not contrary to religious principles. 7.12—Know that all states of being--be they of goodness, passion or ignorance--are manifested by My energy. I am, in one sense, everything, but I am independent. I am not under the modes of material nature, for they, on the contrary, are within Me. 7.13—Deluded by the three modes [goodness, passion and ignorance], the whole world does not know Me, who am above the modes and inexhaustible. 7.14—This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it. 7.15—Those miscreants who are grossly foolish, who are lowest among mankind, whose knowledge is stolen by illusion, and who partake of the atheistic nature of demons do not surrender unto Me. 7.16-17—Four kinds of pious men begin to render devotional service unto Me--the distressed, the desirer of wealth, the inquisitive, and he who is searching for knowledge of the Absolute. Of these, the one who is in full knowledge and who is always engaged in pure devotional service is the best. For I am very dear to him, and he is dear to Me.
  24. 24. Famous Beatle George Harrison gives 23-acre estate outside London to ISKCON <ul><li>&quot;George Harrison has probably done more that any single popular cultural figure during these past few decades to spread spiritual consciousness around the world </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hare Krishna has a mystical side to it,&quot; Harrison said in a 1982 interview published in the book, Chant and Be Happy. &quot;It's more than glorifying God; it's asking to become His servant.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>George first met A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the founder-acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) in 1969, in England. They developed a close and affectionate relationship and their association influenced George's music and spirituality. </li></ul><ul><li>In a 1982 interview, Harrison said that his song, &quot;The Lord Loves the One that Loves the Lord,&quot; from the Living in the Material World Album, was written about Srila Prabhupada. Harrison also made significant contributions to support Prabhupada's work. In 1969, he financed the first hard bound printing of the &quot;Krishna Book,&quot; an English translation by Srila Prabhupada of the Srimad Bhagavatam, Tenth Canto, that describes Lord Krishna's lila, or pastimes on earth 5,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1973, George Harrison donated Bhaktivedanta Manor, a 23-acre estate outside of London, to the Krishna society. The Manor has since become one of the most important Hindu shrines in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;When George gave us the Manor, he gave us more than a few buildings,&quot; said Varshana devi dasi, ISKCON's UK spokesperson. &quot;He provided a facility for many thousands of people to come for spiritual instruction and to worship God. Each year, over 15,000 British public school students visit the Manor to learn about Vaishnava Hinduism,&quot; she said. </li></ul><ul><li>For many individual Krishna devotees, the music and lyrics of George Harrison opened the door to a spiritual experience, and the monotheistic philosophy of Vaishnava Hinduism. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I remember looking at the picture of Krishna and Arjuna on the cover of the &quot;Living in the Material World&quot; album, and wondering who are these divine beings?&quot; said Bhaktimarga Swami, of ISKCON Toronto. &quot;That led me to Krishna devotees, and for that I am eternally grateful to George.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;He was an inspirational figure for many of our generation,&quot; said Anuttama Dasa, ISKCON Communications Director. &quot;Knowing that a member of the Beatles was saying publicly that fame and money do not bring happiness gave my search into eastern mysticism more validity,&quot; he said. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Famous Beatle George Harrison gives 23-acre estate outside London to ISKCON
  26. 26. The wealthy Hindu businessman Hinduja donated towards construction of road leading to Manor <ul><li>On September 1996, the new access road to the Manor was built. It was named Dharam-Marg, in honor of the son of Srichand Hinduja – the wealthy Hindu businessman who had donated towards its construction </li></ul><ul><li>Mr S P Hinduja, the billionaire industrialist and ISKCON supporter, has struck up an amicable working relationship with singer Michael Jackson and there is talk of cooperation on a film project. They first met earlier last year at a charity function in America and again in the autumn when Mr Hinduja took the singer on a tour of the impressive, carved white marble Swami Narayan temple in north London. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Temples built by the Chandela kings (9th - 12th century) <ul><li>The architectural splendour of the temples built by the Chandela kings (9th - 12th century) in central India, is world renowned. </li></ul><ul><li>In the realm of architecture, Khajuraho holds a unique position. The temples here were built between 950 and 1050 A.D. by the Chandela dynasty, who claims descent from the Moon God and a mortal, Hemavati, with whom the god fell in love. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the temples of the north were destroyed by invaders, but Khajuraho escaped and stands today as an island of beauty. The Chandelas built 85 temples and some 22 survive today. Architecturally the temples have some unique features. They stand on high platforms and do not have customary enclosures. </li></ul><ul><li>Each temple has a large number of spires in ascending order representing man's aspirations towards spiritual goals. They are ornately carved, with each frieze and sculpture depicting the genius of the men who carved it and the king who inspired them. Although famous for erotic depictions, these form only a small part of the wealth of the site. </li></ul><ul><li>Taken in totality, the sculptures of Khajuraho depict the everyday life of the people and the court in the 10th and 11th centuries. Khajuraho is not something that can be described in words; it has to be experienced. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Khajuraho Temple built by the Chandela kings (9th - 12th century)
  29. 29. Temples built by the Chola kings (11th - 12th century) <ul><li>Two great Chola Temples of the 11th and 12th centuries have been added to the 11th century Brihadisvara temple of Thanjavur, inscribed in 1987. The Great Living Chola Temples were built by kings of the Chola Empire, which stretched over all of South India and the neighbouring islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The site now includes the three great 11th and 12th century Chola Temples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Brihadisvara temple of Thanjavur, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Temple of Gangaikondacholapuram and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Airavatesvara temple at Darasuram. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Temple of Gangaikondacholapuram, built by Rajendra I, was completed in 1035. Its 53-m vimana (sanctum tower) has recessed corners and a graceful upward curving movement, contrasting with the straight and severe tower at Thanjavur. It has six pairs of massive, monolithic dvarapalas statues guarding the entrances and bronzes of remarkable beauty inside. The Airavatesvara temple complex at Darasuram, built by Rajaraja II, features a 24-m vimana and a stone image of Shiva. </li></ul><ul><li>The temples testify to the Cholas brilliant achievements in architecture, sculpture, painting, and bronze casting. </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Brihadisvara temple of Thanjavur built by the Chola kings
  31. 31. Temples built by the Chola kings (11th - 12th century) <ul><li>The history of the Chola dynasty has inspired many Tamil authors to produce literary and artistic creations during the last several decades. These works of popular literature have helped continue the memory of the great Cholas in the minds of the Tamil people. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important work of this genre is the popular Ponniyin Selvan (The son of Ponni ), a historical novel in Tamil written by Kalki Krishnamurthy. Written in five volumes, this narrates the story of Rajaraja Chola. Ponniyin Selvan deals with the events leading up to the ascension of Uttama Chola on the Chola throne. Kalki had cleverly utilised the confusion in the succession to the Chola throne after the demise of Sundara Chola. This book was serialised in the Tamil periodical Kalki during the mid 1950s. The serialisation lasted for nearly five years and every week its publication was awaited with great interest </li></ul>
  32. 32. The Airavatesvara temple at Darasuram built by the Chola kings
  33. 33. King Akbar, the Great built four temples in Vrindavan <ul><li>Akbar the Great was one of the most successful Mughal Emperors </li></ul><ul><li>His passion for knowledge and interest in learning from great minds led him to attract men of genius to his court, known as the nine courtiers of King Akbar or Navratnas including Birbal </li></ul><ul><li>Akbar The Great [1542-1605], was one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. </li></ul><ul><li>He won over the Hindus by naming them to important military and civil positions, by conferring honors upon them, and by marrying a Hindu princess. </li></ul><ul><li>he had a tremendous love for learning. During his lifetime, Akbar collected thousands of beautifully written and illustrated manuscripts. </li></ul><ul><li>He also surrounded himself with writers, scholars, musicians, painters, and translators. His court had the fabled Nine Gems - nine famous personalities from different walks of life. These included music maestro Tansen and intelligent statesman Birbal. </li></ul><ul><li>After Emperor Akbar's visit to Vridavan in the year 1570, he gave permission for four temples to be built by the Gaudya Vaisnavas </li></ul><ul><li>One of Akbar's general, Man Singh of Jaipur, built the Govindaji temple in Vrindavan </li></ul><ul><li>According to tradition, Emperor Akbar was taken blindfolded inside the grove where he had some kind of a spiritual experience. As a result, he acknowledged the spot as being holy ground. </li></ul><ul><li>The four temples that were built in honour of his visit are Govind Deva, Madan Mohan, Gopinath, and Jugal Kishore. The first is an impressive edifice built in red sandstone. Architecturally this temple is one of the finest in North India. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Govindaji temple in Vrindavan built by Akbar's general, Man Singh of Jaipur
  35. 35. Canakya Pandit glorifies Lord Vishnu <ul><li>Kautilya or Chanakya was the author of (1) Nitisastra (2) Dharmasastra (3) Arthasastra (4) Kootsastra </li></ul><ul><li>17. Why should I be concerned for my maintenance while absorbed in praising the glories of Lord Vishwambhara (Vishnu), the supporter of all. Without the grace of Lord Hari, how could milk flow from a mother's breast for a child's nourishment? Repeatedly thinking only in this way, O Lord of the Yadus, O husband of Lakshmi, all my time is spent in serving Your lotus feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Chanakya's Niti-shastra is this great court pandit's second most famous work and In his Artha-shastra, Chanakya Pandit identifies himself as being responsible for the overthrow of the corrupt Nanda dynasty of Magadha (present-day Bihar State in Northern India). </li></ul><ul><li>Chanakya (Sanskrit: चाणक्य Cāṇakya) (c. 350-283 BC) was an adviser and a prime minister to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta (c. 340-293 BC), and architect of his rise to power. Kautilya and Vishnugupta, the names by which the ancient Indian political treatise called the Arthaśāstra identifies its author, are traditionally identified with Chanakya. Some scholars consider Chanakya to be &quot;the pioneer economist of the world&quot;. He is known as &quot;The Indian Machiavelli&quot; in the Western world. Chanakya was a professor at Takshashila University and is widely believed to be responsible for the creation of Mauryan empire, the first of its kind on the Indian subcontinent. 11. Wise men spend their mornings in discussing gambling, the afternoon discussing the activities of women, and the night hearing about the activities of theft. (The first item above refers to the gambling of King Yuddhisthira, the great devotee of Krsna. The second item refers to the glorious deeds of mother Sita, the consort of Lord Ramachandra. The third item hints at the adorable childhood pastimes of Sri Krsna who stole butter from the elderly cowherd ladies of Gokula. Hence Chanakya Pandita advises wise persons to spend the morning absorbed in Mahabharata , the afternoon studying Ramayana , and the evening devotedly hearing the Srimad-Bhagvatam .) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions - Why am I doing it, What the results might be and Will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead.&quot; - Says Chanaktaya. Chanakya, an adviser and a prime minister and the architect of the rise of first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta to the power. the political treatise `Arthashastra` identifies its author by the names of Kautilya and Vishnugupta are also traditionally identified with Chanakya. His `Arthashastra` is a classic of statecraft. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Canakya Pandit glorifies Lord Vishnu
  37. 37. Industrialist B. D. Birla Built Lakshmi Narayan temple in 1938 dedicated to Lord Vishnu <ul><li>Birla group of companies: Laxmi – Narayana temples: Birla industrialists have built six temples all over India for Sri Sri Lakshmi Narayana (Sri Vishna – Sri Krishna) and these temples are also known as Birla-Mandirs and are visited by thousands of devotees everyday. This is the highest honour that any business person can expect to get ever </li></ul><ul><li>LAKSHMI NARAYAN TEMPLE (BIRLA MANDIR) </li></ul><ul><li>Location : Mandir Marg, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed By : Industrialist B.D.Birla in 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>Presiding Deity : Lakshmi Narayan - Lord Vishnu </li></ul><ul><li>Best Time To Visit : Janamashtami, Deepawali </li></ul>
  38. 38. Lakshmi Narayan temple (Birla Mandir)
  39. 39. Mahatma Gandhi (Father of the Nation) was a devotee of Lord Vishnu <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi, National Father of India: Gandhiji became Mahatma by reading Bhagavad Gita daily throughout his lifetime. It is stated in Gita Mahtmaya that reading Bhagavad Gita is even more purifying than water of the holiest river Ganges </li></ul><ul><li>Vaishnava janatho: This lyrical composition was a favourite of Mahatma Gandhi: One who is a Vaishnav ( Devotee of Vishnu ); Knows the pain of others; Does good to others; without letting pride enter his mind. </li></ul>
  40. 40. King Asoka The Great <ul><li>King Asoka The Great  – built Sarnath Temple: King Asoka is respected as Asoka the great and Asoka Chakra is imbibed even in the Indian National Flag. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pillars of Ashoka are a series of columns dispersed throughout the northern Indian subcontinent, and erected by the Mauryan king Ashoka  during his reign in the 3rd century BCE. Originally, there must have been many pillars of Ashoka although only ten with inscriptions still survive. Averaging between forty and fifty feet in height, and weighing up to fifty tons each, all the pillars were quarried at Chunar, just south of Varanasi and dragged, sometimes hundreds of miles, to where they were erected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legend has it that Ashoka built 84,000 Stupas commemorating the events and relics of Buddha's life. Some of these Stupas contained networks of walls containing the hub spokes and rim of a wheel, while others contained interior walls in a swastika shape. The wheel represents the sun time and Buddhist law, while the swastika stands for the cosmic dance around a fixed center and guards against evil. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The pillars of Ashoka are a series of columns dispersed throughout the northern Indian subcontinent, and erected by the Mauryan king Ashoka during his reign in the 3rd century BCE. Originally, there must have been many pillars of Ashoka although only ten with inscriptions still survive. Averaging between forty and fifty feet in height, and weighing up to fifty tons each, all the pillars were quarried at Chunar, just south of Varanasi and dragged, sometimes hundreds of miles, to where they were erected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The most celebrated pillar is the pillar with the lion capital at Sarnath. Here, four lions are seated back to back. The pillar at Sanchi also has a similar lion capital. There are two pillars at Rampurva, one with bull and the other with lion as crowning animal. The pillar at Sankissa has an elephant as crowning animal. Five of the pillars of Ashoka (two at Rampurva, one each at Vaishali, Lauriya-Areraj and Lauryia-Nandangarh were possibly marked the course of the ancient Royal highway from Patliputra to the Nepal valley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Piyadasi, King of Magadha, saluting the Sangha and wishing them good health and happiness, speaks thus: You know, reverend sirs, how great my faith in the Buddha, the Dhamma and Sangha is. Whatever, reverend sirs, has been spoken by Lord Buddha, all that is well-spoken.&quot; Minor Rock Edict Nb3 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Asokan pillar at Vaishali, Bihar, India
  42. 42. King Asoka The Great <ul><li>Belief in a next world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;One benefits in this world and gains great merit in the next by giving the gift of the Dhamma.&quot; Rock Edict Nb11 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Happiness in this world and the next is difficult to obtain without much love for the Dhamma, much self-examination, much respect, much fear (of evil), and much enthusiasm.&quot; Pillar Edict Nb1 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religious exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Far from being sectarian, Ashoka, based on a belief that all religions shared a common, positive essence, encouraged tolerance and understanding of other religions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;All religions should reside everywhere, for all of them desire self-control and purity of heart.&quot; Rock Edict Nb7 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Here (in my domain) no living beings are to be slaughtered or offered in sacrifice.&quot; Rock Edict Nb1 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Contact (between religions) is good. One should listen to and respect the doctrines professed by others. Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi, desires that all should be well-learned in the good doctrines of other religions.&quot; Rock Edict Nb12 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Twenty years after his coronation, Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi, visited this place and worshipped because here the Buddha, the sage of the Sakyans, was born. He had a stone figure and a pillar set up and because the Lord was born here, the village of Lumbini was exempted from tax and required to pay only one eighth of the produce.&quot; Minor Pillar Edict Nb1 (S. Dhammika) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Dharma preached by Ashoka is explained mainly in term of moral precepts, based on the doing of good deeds, respect for others, generosity and purity. </li></ul><ul><li>Right behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Dharma is good, but what constitutes Dharma? (It includes) little evil, much good, kindness, generosity, truthfulness and purity.&quot; Pilar Edict Nb2 (S. Dharmika) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;And noble deeds of Dharma and the practice of Dharma consist of having kindness, generosity, truthfulness, purity, gentleness and goodness increase among the people.&quot; Rock Pilar Nb7 (S. Dharmika) </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Asokan pillar
  44. 44. Wealthy Seth family built Rangaji Temple of Mathura in the year 1851 <ul><li>Rangaji Temple - This South Indian style temple was built by the wealthy Seth family of Mathura in the year 1851 , and is dedicated to Lord Ranganatha or Rangaji, a form of Lord Vishnu lying down on the Sesa Naga (celestial serpent). </li></ul>
  45. 45. Wealthy Seth family built Rangaji Temple of Mathura in the year 1851
  46. 46. Vijayanagara king Krishna Deva Raya (AD 1509-1529) built Krishna temple at Hampi after his victorious campaign in Orissa <ul><li>Krishna temple at Hampi: One of the largest temple complexes in Hampi is the Krishna temple, built by the Vijayanagara king Krishna Deva Raya (AD 1509-1529) for the consecration of the image of Balakrishna brought by him from Udayagiri after his victorious campaign in Orissa. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Vijayanagara king Krishna Deva Raya (AD 1509-1529) built Krishna temple at Hampi after his victorious campaign in Orissa
  48. 48. Ganga King Narasimha Deva built Sun Temple at Konark in 1278 CE <ul><li>Sun Temple at Konark: This temple was built in 1278 CE by the Ganga King Narasimha Deva. Konarak is a Sun Temple in Orissa. It is a beautiful temple almost in ruins and getting buried in the sand. </li></ul><ul><li>The Konark Sun Temple is widely known for its architecture and artwork. It depicts the Orissian architectural art. Stretched across almost 2 kms of beach the temple makes it mark as the gigantic figure of art. The entire temple has been designed so as to look like a chariot of the sun god driven by Ganga and King Narasimha Deva. There are 24 wheels, which are each about 5 feet in radius. It also has a set of spokes and mesmerizing carvings. The temple is been dragged by seven horses. At the entrance there are two lions, which are like guards. There are also these crushing elephants, which are seen there. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps lead to the main entrance of the temple. There are numerous complex carvings on the temple. There are beautiful animals carved on the temple. There are different types of warriors carved. The most attractive part of carvings is that of the Sun God. Mythological deities, beautiful flowers, battles, etc are some more types of carvings seen here. There are also some erotic style carvings done on the temple. Small carvings are also done with utmost care and intricate art. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Ganga King Narasimha Deva built Sun Temple at Konark in 1278 CE
  50. 50. King Suryavarman II built Angkor Wat Temple (Vishnu Temple) <ul><li>Angkor Wat Temple: a temple dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu by King Suryavarman II, who reigned between 1131 and 1150. It was constructed over a period of 30 years and is world famous for its beauty and splendor. </li></ul>
  51. 51. King Suryavarman II built Angkor Wat Temple (Vishnu Temple)
  52. 52. Tirumala <ul><li>Tirumala: All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century ad), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijaynagar (14th-15th century ad) were devotees of this shrine. </li></ul><ul><li>It was during the rule of the Vijaynagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple increased . Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple. </li></ul><ul><li>The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald that is still preserved in a box named after the general. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Thanjavur , Rajarajeswaram Temple <ul><li>Thanjavur , Rajarajeswaram Temple: The greatest of Chola emperors Rajaraja-I (985 A.D - 1012 A.D) the son of Sundara Chola (Parantakaa-II) and Vanavanmahadevi built this magnificent temple Brihadisvaram at Thanjavur - the capital of Chola dynasty. Later during Nayak kings rule, the subramaniyar temple was built inside the temple. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Virtues of charity to Brahmanas Bhagavad-gītā As It Is 10.4-5 buddhir jñānam asammohaḥ kṣamā satyaḿ damaḥ śamaḥ sukhaḿ duḥkhaḿ bhavo 'bhāvo bhayaḿ cābhayam eva ca ahiḿsā samatā tuṣṭis tapo dānaḿ yaśo 'yaśaḥ bhavanti bhāvā bhūtānāḿ matta eva pṛthag-vidhāḥ As far as charity is concerned, one should give fifty percent of his earnings to some good cause. And what is a good cause? It is that which is conducted in terms of Kṛṣṇa consciousness. That is not only a good cause, but the best cause. Because Kṛṣṇa is good, His cause is also good. Thus charity should be given to a person who is engaged in Kṛṣṇa consciousness. According to Vedic literature, it is enjoined that charity should be given to the brāhmaṇas. This practice is still followed, although not very nicely in terms of the Vedic injunction. But still the injunction is that charity should be given to the brāhmaṇas. Why? Because they are engaged in higher cultivation of spiritual knowledge. A brāhmaṇa is supposed to devote his whole life to understanding Brahman. Brahma jānātīti brāhmaṇaḥ: one who knows Brahman is called a brāhmaṇa. Thus charity is offered to the brāhmaṇas because they are always engaged in higher spiritual service and have no time to earn their livelihood. In the Vedic literature, charity is also to be awarded to one in the renounced order of life, the sannyāsī. The sannyāsīs beg from door to door, not for money but for missionary purposes. The system is that they go from door to door to awaken the householders from the slumber of ignorance. Because the householders are engaged in family affairs and have forgotten their actual purpose in life — awakening their Kṛṣṇa consciousness — it is the business of the sannyāsīs to go as beggars to the householders and encourage them to be Kṛṣṇa conscious. As it is said in the Vedas, one should awake and achieve what is due him in this human form of life. This knowledge and method is distributed by the sannyāsīs; hence charity is to be given to the renouncer of life, to the brāhmaṇas, and similar good causes, not to any whimsical cause.
  55. 55. ISKCON, Vrindavan <ul><li>Mathura Krishna Balram Mandir - Built by the International Society for Shri Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), it is one of the most beautiful temples in Vrindavan. The principal deities of this temple are Krishna, his brother Balram and Radha (Krishna’s consort). </li></ul>
  56. 56. ISKCON, Vrindavan
  57. 57. Virtues of charity to Vaishnavas Text 48 na veda-yajnadhyayanair na danair na ca kriyabhir na tapobhir ugraih evam-rupah sakya aham nr-loke drastum tvad anyena kuru-pravira Danaih refers to charity which is offered to a suitable party, such as those who are engaged in the transcendental loving service of the Lord—the brahmanas and the Vaishnavas. Similarly, “pious activities” refers to the agni-hotra and the prescribed duties of the different castes. And the voluntary acceptance of some bodily pains is called tapasya. So one can perform all these—can accept bodily penances, give charity, study the Vedas, etc.—but unless he is a devotee like Arjuna, it is not possible to see that universal form. Those who are impersonalists are also imagining that they are seeing the universal form of the Lord, but from Bhagavad-gita we understand that the impersonalists are not devotees. Therefore they are unable to see the universal form of the Lord. 
  58. 58. Charity to temples, Vaishnavas and brahmanas Text 20 datavyam iti yad danam diyate ’nupakarine dese kale ca patre ca tad danam sattvikam smrtam Translation Charity given out of duty, without expectation of return, at the proper time and place, and to a worthy person is considered to be in the mode of goodness.  Commentary by Srila Prabhupada   In the Vedic literature, charity given to a person engaged in spiritual activities is recommended. There is no recommendation for giving charity indiscriminately. Spiritual perfection is always a consideration. Therefore charity is recommended to be given at a place of pilgrimage and at lunar or solar eclipses or at the end of the month or to a qualified brahmana or a Vaishnava (devotee) or in temples. Such charities should be given without any consideration of return. Charity to the poor is sometimes given out of compassion, but if a poor man is not worth giving charity to, then there is no spiritual advancement. In other words, indiscriminate charity is not recommended in the Vedic literature
  59. 59. Chapter 9. The Most Confidential Knowledge TEXT 26 patram puspam phalam toyam yo me bhaktya prayacchati tad aham bhakty-upahrtam asnami prayatatmanah SYNONYMS patram --a leaf; puspam --a flower; phalam --a fruit; toyam --water; yah --whoever; me --unto Me; bhaktya --with devotion; prayacchati --offers; tat --that; aham --I; bhakti-upahrtam --offered in devotion; asnami --accept; prayata-atmanah --of one in pure consciousness. TRANSLATION If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, I will accept it. PURPORT Here Lord Krsna, having established that He is the only enjoyer, the primeval Lord, and the real object of all sacrificial offerings, reveals what types of sacrifices He desires to be offered. If one wishes to engage in devotional service to the Supreme in order to be purified and reach the goal of life--the transcendental loving service of God--then he should find out what the Lord desires of him. One who loves Krsna will give Him whatever He wants, and he avoids offering anything which is undesirable or unasked for. Thus, meat, fish and eggs should not be offered to Krsna. If He desired such things as offerings, He would have said so. Instead He clearly requests that a leaf, fruit, flowers and water be given to Him, and He says of this offering, &quot;I will accept it.&quot; Therefore, we should understand that He will not accept meat, fish and eggs. Vegetables, grains, fruits, milk and water are the proper foods for human beings and are prescribed by Lord Krsna Himself. Whatever else we eat cannot be offered to Him, since He will not accept it. Thus we cannot be acting on the level of loving devotion if we offer such foods. In the Third Chapter, verse thirteen, Sri Krsna explains that only the remains of sacrifice are purified and fit for consumption by those who are seeking advancement in life and release from the clutches of the material entanglement. Those who do not make an offering of their food, He says in the same verse, are said to be eating only sin. In other words, their every mouthful is simply deepening their involvement in the complexities of material nature. But preparing nice, simple vegetable dishes, offering them before the picture or Deity of Lord Krsna and bowing down and praying for Him to accept such a humble offering, enable one to advance steadily in life, to purify the body, and to create fine brain tissues which will lead to clear thinking. Above all, the offering should be made with an attitude of love. Krsna has no need of food, since He already possesses everything that be, yet He will accept the offering of one who desires to please Him in that way. The important element, in preparation, in serving and in offering, is to act with love for Krsna.
  60. 60. Offerings of Gold to the Lord Both men and women came, all whose hearts were willing. Some brought to the LORD their offerings of gold--medallions, earrings, rings from their fingers, and necklaces. They presented gold objects of every kind to the LORD. - Exodus 35:22
  61. 61. Offerings to the LORD: gold, silver, and bronze Everyone is invited to bring these offerings to the LORD: gold, silver, and bronze; - Exodus 35:5 &quot;It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.&quot; American Standard Version
  62. 62. Offerings to Lord at Tirupati - Tirumala Tirumala is a Swayamvyuktha Kshetram (The Idol is self-manifested without the involvement of any external forces). There are only a few other Swayamvyukta Kshetrams. The Alwars(Vaishnava Saints) have sung great praises of the Lord. Telugu saint Annamaya also sang in praise of Srinivasa here and has immortalised himself in the hearts of millions and millions of disciples of the Lord. Customs: 1. Donation of Hair as a mark of respect. According to one legend, Lord Vishnu took up residence in an anthill near the place now known as Tirumala, for the purpose of performing yogic penance. When His friend, Lord Brahma, observed this noble undertaking, He took the form of a cow and went to Lord Vishnu every day so that Vishnu could be sustained by holy milk while performing His austerities. The owner of the cow, who did not fully understand this mystical situation and was frustrated that his cow kept wandering off to feed an ascetic, tried to cut the animal with a knife. Because the cow was actually Brahma, the Lord received a wound in the head, resulting in a loss of some hair. When a nearby devotee named Neeladri witnessed this, she quickly rushed forward to offer her own hair to replace what the Lord had just lost. Thus was born the tradition of offering hair to Lord Balaji at Tirumala. 2. Donation of money: The Lord had borrowed money from Lord Kubera to meet the expenses incurred during his marriage to Goddess Padmavathy Devi. It is believed that He has to pay Kubera hefty sums of money as interest every month till the end of Kaliyuga. That explains why Pilgrims donate huge sums of money to this temple.
  63. 63. Being uncharitable is evil & sinful <ul><li>The uncharitabke and wicked people stumble also over their own uncharitableness. You meet thousands who are stumbling over what they are pleased to call the faults of professors. Now the fact is, that ordinarily by far the greatest part of all that is said against Christians is untrue. If you search out these charges, you find but a lean foundation, often, for the gravest part of them. I have found it so in cases almost without number. Sinners will tell you gravely that they are greatly stumbled against the things they hear of Christians; when the fact is, they would give no credit to such stories on equal evidence, yet bearing against friends. That is, they believe them only because they are prejudiced against Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>They hate God’s people, and are eager to catch up any scandal against them. One instance in point occurred not long since where I was laboring. A brother whom I had long known, I found was generally spoken of with disrespect. It was said he was dishonest in his business. I determined to enquire into the case; did so, and found this report false, and that report false, and indeed could not track down any of the reports to a valid foundation. I then went to those brethren in the church who had been circulating these reports, and said to them, Do you know those evil reports to be true? “No.” Have you carried these reports to that injured brother, for his explanation? “No.” Then, said I, you ought to be turned out of the church, every man of you, for slandering your brother. </li></ul><ul><li>In the same way the uncharitableness of others becomes an occasion of stumbling to sinners. They hear others speak uncharitably, and they believe it because it falls in so entirely with their own tendencies of mind. This uncharitableness is one of the most fruitful sources of stumbling to the souls of men. Just think how much sinners influence each other to uncharitableness, and turn each other away from God. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Present-age star devotees <ul><li>Anil Ambani </li></ul><ul><li>Mukesh Ambani </li></ul><ul><li>Amitabh Bachhan </li></ul><ul><li>Amar Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Rahul Dravid </li></ul><ul><li>Hema Malini: celebrated her 60 th Birthday at ISKCON Tirupati </li></ul><ul><li>Ajitabh Bachhan </li></ul><ul><li>Actor Rajnikanth </li></ul><ul><li>HDFC Chairman Deepak Parekh </li></ul><ul><li>Sunil Mittal: I believe in divine intervention: I have faith in a power which has always guided me through thick and thin. This is the power which infuses me with a positive spirit and provides encouragement -- day after day. I do not visit temples regularly, but I have been to Tirupati and Vaishno Devi. (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-32019056,prtpage-1.cms ) </li></ul>
  65. 65. DEVILS RUN FOR THEIR LIVES <ul><li>On the contrary, people such as Aurangzeb who destroyed temples, Duryodhana, Kamsa, Hitler, Missoulini, Stalin etc. are never given any respect and looked down upon by the world. The legend about destruction of temples done by Aurangzeb goes as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Govindaji Temple, Vrindavan This temple was built in 1590 and took several thousand men five full years to build. The original Govindaji Deity was found about 450 years ago by Rupa Goswami. Govindaji was removed from this temple when the Muslim emperor Aurangzeb tried to destroy it. The original Deity is now in Jaipur, in a temple right outside the King of Jaipur’s palace. This temple was originally seven stories high, with an altar of marble, silver and gold. A sculptured lotus flower weighing several tons decorates the main hall. On meeting Rupa Goswami, Man Singh from Jaipur, a general in Emperor Akbar’s army, built this magnificent temple. Aurangzeb and his army later destroyed part of the temple. When few stories remained, all of a sudden the ground began to shake violently and Aurangzeb’s men were terrified and ran for their lives, never to return . The Deities on the altar in this temple are Govindaji in the middle, to His left is Lord Caitanya, and to His right is Lord Nityananda. Below are small Radha and Krishna Deities. Below Them are Lord Jagannath and a Govardhana-shila. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Dharmaśāstra (Sanskrit: धर्मशास्त्र ) <ul><li>Dharmaśāstra (Sanskrit: धर्मशास्त्र ) is a genre of Sanskrit texts and refers to the śāstra , or Indic branch of learning, pertaining to Hindu dharma , religious and legal duty. The voluminous textual corpus of Dharmaśāstra is primarily a product of the Brahmanical tradition in India and represents the elaborate scholastic system of an expert tradition. [1] Because of its sophisticated jurisprudence, Dharmaśāstra was taken by early British colonial administrators to be the law of the land for Hindus in India. [2] Ever since, Dharmaśāstra has been linked with Hindu law, despite the fact that its contents deal as much or more with religious life as with law. In fact, a separation of religion and law within Dharmaśāstra is artificial and has been repeatedly questioned. [3] Others have, however, argued for a distinction of religious and secular law within Dharmaśāstra. [4] Dharmaśāstra is important within the Hindu tradition--first, as a source of religious law describing the life of an ideal householder and, second, as symbol of the summation of Hindu knowledge about religion, law, ethics, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pandurang Vaman Kane, a great Sanskritist wedded to social reform, continued the earlier tradition of scholarship. His monumental work entitled the &quot;History of the Dharmasastra&quot;, published in five volumes in the twentieth century, is an encyclopedia of ancient social laws and customs. This enables us to study the social processes in ancient India.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>1. Contents of Dharmaśāstra </li></ul><ul><li>A facsimile of an inscription in Oriya script on a copper plate recording a land grant made by Rāja Purushottam Deb, king of Orissa, in the fifth year of his reign (1483). Land grants made by royal decree were protected by law, with deeds often being recorded on metal plates </li></ul><ul><li>All Dharmaśāstra derives its authority with reference to the Vedas, though few, if any, of the contents of most Dharmaśāstra texts can be directly linked with extant Vedic texts. [6] Traditionally, Dharmaśāstra has, since the time of the Yājñvalkyasmṛti , been divided into three major topics: 1) ācāra , rules pertaining to daily rituals, life-cycle rites, and other duties of four castes or varṇa s, 2) vyavahāra , rules pertaining to the procedures for resolving doubts about dharma and rules of substantive law categorized according the standard eighteen titles of Hindu law, and 3) prāyaścitta , rules about expiations and penances for violations of the rules of dharma . </li></ul><ul><li>Combining the categorization given in the Yājñavalkyasmṛti with a more descriptive catalog of the contents in Dharmaśāstra texts found in P.V. Kane's History of Dharmaśāstra [7] presents the following list of topics: </li></ul>
  67. 67. Devil Aurangzeb’s men ran for their lives <ul><li>Govindaji Temple This temple was built in 1590 and took several thousand men five full years to build. The original Govindaji Deity was found about 450 years ago by Rupa Goswami. Govindaji was removed from this temple when the Muslim emperor Aurangzeb tried to destroy it. The original Deity is now in Jaipur, in a temple right outside the King of Jaipur's palace. This temple was originally seven stories high, with an altar of marble, silver and gold. A sculptured lotus flower weighing several tons decorates the main hall. On meeting Rupa Goswami, Man Singh from Jaipur, a general in Emperor Akbar's army, built this magnificent temple. Aurangzeb and his army later destroyed part of the temple. When few stories remained, all of a sudden the ground began to shake violently and Aurangzeb's men were terrified and ran for their lives, never to return. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Lord Krishna is the Supreme Controller <ul><li>“ One should meditate upon the Supreme Person as the one who knows everything, as He who is the oldest, who is the controller, who is smaller than the smallest, who is the maintainer of everything, who is beyond all material conception, who is inconceivable, and who is always a person. He is luminous like the sun and, being transcendental, is beyond this material nature.” [Bg. 8.9] </li></ul>
  69. 69. Everything belongs to Krishna <ul><li>Krishna says, paurusam nrsu. “I am the ability in man.” [Bg. 7.8] </li></ul><ul><li>In Bhagavad-gita we find, vasudevah sarvam iti: “Krishna is the cause of all causes.” [Bg. 7.19] </li></ul><ul><li>One may falsely claim the credit for the discovery of radio, television, computers, penicillin, etc. But the fact is that everything was already there because nothing can come out of nothing. If someone claims that anything belongs to him, he is the greatest thief. He is stealing property from the supreme father, Sri Krishna, and claiming it to be his. Nothing belongs to us. Everything belongs to Krishna. Sri Isopanisad says: “Everything animate or inanimate that is within the universe is controlled and owned by the Lord. One should therefore accept only those things necessary for himself, which are set aside as his quota, and one must not accept other things, knowing well to whom they belong. isavasyam idam sarvam yat kincat jagatyam jagat, tena tyaktena bhunjitha ma grdhah kasya svid dhanam (Iso. 1) </li></ul><ul><li>[From The Scientific Basis of Krsna Consciousness by Svarupa Damodara Dasa Ph.D.] </li></ul>
  70. 70. Intelligence, Charity, all opulence created by Krishna <ul><li>Intelligence, knowledge, freedom from doubt and delusion, forgiveness, truthfulness, control of the senses, control of the mind, happiness and distress, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, satisfaction, austerity, charity, fame and infamy--all these various qualities of living beings are created by Me alone. - Bhagavada Gita 10.4-5 </li></ul>
  71. 71. Evil people - Attila The Hun <ul><li>Attila was Khan of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453. He was leader of the Hunnic Empire which stretched from Germany to the Ural River and from the Danube River to the Baltic Sea. In much of Western Europe, he is remembered as the epitome of cruelty and rapacity. </li></ul><ul><li>An unsuccessful campaign in Persia was followed in 441 by an invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire, the success of which emboldened Attila to invade the West. </li></ul><ul><li>He passed unhindered through Austria and Germany, across the Rhine into Gaul, plundering and devastating all in his path with a ferocity unparalleled in the records of barbarian invasions and compelling those he overcame to augment his mighty army. </li></ul><ul><li>Attila drowned in his own blood on his wedding night. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Evil people - Attila The Hun
  73. 73. Evil people - Maximilien Robespierre <ul><li>Maximilien Robespierre was a leader of the French revolution and it was his arguments that caused the revolutionary government to murder the king without a trial. In addition, Robespierre was one of the main driving forces behind the reign of terror, a 10 month post-revolutionary period in which mass executions were carried out. The Terror took the lives of between 18,500 to 40,000 people, with 1,900 being killed in the last month . Among people who were condemned by the revolutionary tribunals, about 8 percent were aristocrats, 6 percent clergy, 14 percent middle class, and 70 percent were workers or peasants accused of hoarding, evading the draft, desertion, rebellion, and other purported crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Convention ordered the arrest of Robespierre , Couthon, Saint-Just, Le Bas, and François Hanriot. Troops from the Commune, under General Coffinhal, arrived to free the prisoners and then marched against the Convention itself. The Convention responded by ordering troops of its own under Barras to be called out. When the Commune's troops heard the news of this, order began to break down, and Hanriot ordered his remaining troops to withdraw to the Hôtel de Ville. Robespierre and his supporters also gathered at the Hôtel de Ville. The Convention declared them to be outlaws, meaning that upon verification the fugitives could be killed within 24 hours without a trial. As the night went on, the Commune forces at the Hôtel de Ville deserted until none of them remained. The Convention troops under Barras approached the Hôtel around 2 a.m. As they came, Robespierre's brother Augustin threw himself out of a window. Couthon was found lying at the bottom of a staircase, crippled by his fall. Le Bas committed suicide. Another radical jumped out of the window, only to break both of his legs; the other shot himself in the head. Maximilien Robespierre also tried to shoot himself, but only shattered his jaw (though this was also said to be the result of a shot by Charles-André Merda) and was found semi-conscious at his desk. For the remainder of the night Robespierre was moved to a table in the room of the Committee of Public Safety where he awaited execution. Later, Robespierre was held in the same containment chamber where Marie Antoinette, the wife of King Louis XVI, had been held. </li></ul><ul><li>In an act of coincidental justice, Robespierre was guillotined (hanged) without a trial in 1794. </li></ul>
  74. 74. Evil people - Maximilien Robespierre
  75. 75. Evil people - Ruhollah Khomeini <ul><li>Ayatollah Khomeini was the religious leader of Iran from 1979 to 1989. In that time he implemented Sharia Law (Islamic religious law) with the Islamic dress code enforced for both men and women by Islamic Revolutionary Guards and other Islamic groups. Opposition to the religious rule of the clergy or Islam in general was often met with harsh punishments. In a talk at the Fayzieah School in Qom, August 30, 1979, Khomeini said: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Those who are trying to bring corruption and destruction to our country in the name of democracy will be oppressed. They are worse than Bani-Ghorizeh Jews, and they must be hanged. We will oppress them by God’s order and God’s call to prayer.” </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1988 massacre of Iranian prisoners, following the People’s Mujahedin of Iran operation Forough-e Javidan against the Islamic Republic, Khomeini issued an order to judicial officials to judge every Iranian political prisoner and kill those who would not repent anti-regime activities. Many say that thousands were swiftly put to death inside the prisons. The suppressed memoirs of Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri reportedly detail the execution of 30,000 political activists. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Evil people - Ruhollah Khomeini
  77. 77. Evil people - Ruhollah Khomeini <ul><li>Life in exile </li></ul><ul><li>Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mostly in the holy Shia city of Najaf, Iraq. Initially he was sent to Turkey on 4 November 1964 where he stayed in the city of Bursa for less than a year. He was hosted by a colonel in Turkish Military Intelligence named Ali Cetiner in his own residence, who couldn't find another accommodation alternative for his stay at the time. Later in October 1965 he was allowed to move to Najaf, Iraq, where he stayed until being forced to leave in 1978, after then-Vice President Saddam Hussein forced him out (the two countries would fight a bitter eight year war 1980-1988 only a year after the two reached power in 1979) after which he went to Neauphle-le-Château in France on a tourist visa, apparently not seeking political asylum, where he stayed for four months. According to Alexandre de Marenches, chief of External Documentation and Counter-Espionage Service (now known as the DGSE), France would have suggested to the shah to &quot;organize a fatal accident for Khomeini&quot;; the shah declined the assassination offer, as that would have made Khomeini a martyr. </li></ul><ul><li>After eleven days in a hospital for an operation to stop internal bleeding, Khomeini died of cancer on Saturday, June 04, 1989, at the age of 86. </li></ul><ul><li>The elder son, Mustafa, is rumored to have been murdered in 1977 while in exile with his father in Najaf, Iraq and Khomeini accused SAVAK of orchestrating it. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Evil people - Idi Amin Dada <ul><li>Idi Amin was an army officer and president of Uganda. He took power in a military coup in January 1971, deposing Milton Obote . His rule was characterized by human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extra judicial killings and the expulsion of Indians from Uganda. The number of people killed as a result of his regime is unknown; estimates range from 80,000 to 500,000. On August 4, 1972, Amin issued a decree ordering the expulsion of the 60,000 Asians who were not Ugandan citizens (most of them held British passports). This was later amended to include all 80,000 Asians, with the exception of professionals, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers. Amin was eventually overthrown, but until his death, he held that Uganda needed him and he never expressed remorse for the abuses of his regime. </li></ul><ul><li>Deposition and exile </li></ul><ul><li>By 1978, the number of Amin's close associates had shrunk significantly, and he faced increasing dissent from within Uganda. After the killings of Luwum and ministers Oryema and Oboth Ofumbi in 1977, several of Amin's ministers defected or fled to exile. Later that year, after Amin's vice president, General Mustafa Adrisi, was injured in a car accident, troops loyal to him mutinied. Amin sent troops against the mutineers, some of whom had fled across the Tanzanian border. Amin accused Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere of waging war against Uganda, ordered the invasion of Tanzanian territory, and formally annexed a section of the Kagera Region across the boundary. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Evil people - Idi Amin Dada
  80. 80. Evil people - Idi Amin Dada <ul><li>Nyerere mobilized the Tanzania People's Defence Force and counterattacked, joined by several groups of Ugandan exiles who had united as the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA). Amin's army retreated steadily, and despite military help from Libya's Muammar al-Gaddafi, he was forced to flee on 11 April 1979 when Kampala was captured. He escaped first to Libya and ultimately settled in Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>Amin held that Uganda needed him and never expressed remorse for the nature of his regime. In 1989, he attempted to return to Uganda, apparently to lead an armed group organized by Colonel Juma Oris. He reached Kinshasa, Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo), before Zairian President Mobutu forced him to return to Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>Amin's death </li></ul><ul><li>On 20 July 2003, one of Amin's wives, Madina, reported that he was in a coma and near death at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She pleaded with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni to allow him to return to die in Uganda. Museveni replied that Amin would have to &quot;answer for his sins the moment he was brought back.“ Amin died in Saudi Arabia on 16 August 2003. He was buried in Ruwais Cemetery in Jeddah; according to the Associated Press's sources, few attended the funeral ceremony. </li></ul>
  81. 81. Evil people - Leopold II of Belgium <ul><li>Leopold II was King of Belgium from 1865-1909. With financial support from the government, Leopold created the Congo Free State, a private project undertaken to extract rubber and ivory in the Congo region of central Africa, which relied on forced labour and resulted in the deaths of approximately 3 million Congolese. The regime of the Congo Free State became one of the more infamous international scandals of the turn of the century. The area of land privately owned by the King was an area 76 times larger than Belgium, which he was free to rule as a personal domain through his private army, the Force Publique. Leopold’s rubber gatherers tortured, maimed and slaughtered until at the turn of the century, the conscience of the Western world forced Brussels to call a halt. </li></ul><ul><li>Reports of outrageous exploitation and widespread human rights abuses led to an international protest movement in the early 1900s. The campaign under the auspices of the Congo Reform Association to report on Leopold's &quot;secret society of murderers,&quot; led by British diplomat Roger Casement, and former shipping clerk E. D. Morel, became the first mass human rights movement. Supporters included American humorist Mark Twain, who wrote a stinging political satire entitled King Leopold's Soliloquy , in which the King supposedly argues that bringing Christianity to the country outweighs a little starvation. </li></ul><ul><li>Leopold's rubber gatherers were tortured, maimed and slaughtered until the turn of the century, when the conscience of the Western world forced Brussels to call a halt. It should be noted that, as Adam Hochschild describes in King Leopold's Ghost , France, Germany and Portugal were quick to adopt the Congolese methods in those parts of their colonies where natural rubber occurred, imposing a similar death toll on the natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Leopold II with the coat of arms of the Belgian Congo in Ghent, Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, in 1908, the Belgian parliament compelled the King to cede the Congo Free State to Belgium. </li></ul>
  82. 82. Evil people - Leopold II of Belgium
  83. 83. Evil people - Leopold II of Belgium <ul><li>Historians of the period tend to take a very dim view of Leopold, due to the mass killings and human rights abuses that took place in the Congo: </li></ul><ul><li>one British historian has said that he &quot;was an Attila in modern dress, and it would have been better for the world if he had never been born&quot;. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary once described his fellow ruler as a &quot;thoroughly bad man.“ </li></ul><ul><li>On 15 November 1902, Italian anarchist Gennaro Rubino attempted to assassinate Leopold, who was riding in a royal cortege from a ceremony in memory of his recently-deceased wife, Marie Henriette. After Leopold's carriage passed, Rubino fired three shots at the King; the shots missed Leopold and Rubino was immediately arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>Though extremely disliked by his subjects at the end of his reign — he was booed during his burial parade. </li></ul>
  84. 84. Evil people - Pol Pot <ul><li>Pol Pot was the leader of the Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1976 to 1979, having been de facto leader since mid-1975 . During his time in power Pol Pot imposed an extreme version of agrarian communism where all city dwellers were relocated to the countryside to work in collective farms and forced labour projects. The combined effect of slave labour, malnutrition, poor medical care and executions is estimated to have killed around 2 million Cambodians (approximately one third of the population). His regime achieved special notoriety for singling out all intellectuals and other “bourgeois enemies” for murder. The Khmer Rouge committed mass executions in sites known as the Killing Fields. The executed were buried in mass graves. In order to save ammunition, executions were often carried out using hammers, axe handles, spades or sharpened bamboo sticks. </li></ul><ul><li>In December 1984, the Vietnamese launched a major offensive and overran most of the Khmer Rouge and other insurgent positions. Pol Pot fled to Thailand where he lived for the next six years. His headquarter was a plantation villa near Trat. He was guarded by Thai Special Unit 838. </li></ul><ul><li>Pol Pot officially resigned from the party in 1985 citing asthma as a contributing factor, but continued as de facto Khmer Rouge leader and dominant force within the anti-Vietnam alliance. He handed day to day power to Son Sen, his hand-picked successor. Opponents of the Khmer Rouge claimed that they were sometimes acting in an inhumane manner in territory controlled by the alliance but none of the forces fighting in Cambodia could be said to have clean hands. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Evil people - Pol Pot
  86. 86. Evil people - Pol Pot <ul><li>In 1986, his new wife Mea Son gave birth to a daughter, Sitha, named after an experimental form of North Vietnamese cookery. Shortly after, Pol Pot moved to China for medical treatment for cancer of the face. He remained there until 1988 . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989, Vietnam withdrew from Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge established a new stronghold area in the west near the Thai border and Pol Pot relocated back into Cambodia from Thailand. Pol Pot refused to cooperate with the peace process, and kept fighting the new coalition government. The Khmer Rouge kept the government forces at bay until 1996, when troops started deserting. Several important Khmer Rouge leaders also defected. The government had a policy of making peace with Khmer Rouge individuals and groups after negotiations with the organization as a whole failed . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1995 Pol Pot experienced a stroke that paralyzed the left side of his body. </li></ul><ul><li>Pol Pot ordered the execution of his life-long right-hand man Son Sen on June 10, 1997 for attempting to make a settlement with the government. Eleven members of his family were killed also, although Pol Pot later denied that he had ordered this. He then fled his northern stronghold, but was later arrested by Khmer Rouge military Chief Ta Mok. In November he was subjected to a show trial for the death of Son Sen and sentenced to lifelong house arrest. </li></ul><ul><li>Pol Pot died in 1998 while held under house arrest by the Ta Mok faction of the Khmer Rouge. Since his death, rumours that he was poisoned have persisted. </li></ul>
  87. 87. Evil people - Vlad III of Romania (also known as Vlad the Impaler, Dracula) <ul><li>Vlad III of Romania (also known as Vlad the Impaler) was Prince of Wallachia three times between 1448 and 1476. Vlad is best known for the legends of the exceedingly cruel punishments he imposed during his reign and for serving as the primary inspiration for the vampire main character in Bram Stoker’s popular Dracula novel . In Romania he is viewed by many as a prince with a deep sense of justice. His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim’s legs as a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body. The end of the stake was usually oiled, and care was taken that the stake not be too sharp; else the victim might die too rapidly from shock. Wikipedia has an article that describes, in great details, the methods of Vlad’s cruelty. The list of tortures he is alleged to have employed is extensive: nails in heads, cutting off of limbs, blinding, strangulation, burning, cutting off of noses and ears, mutilation of sexual organs (especially in the case of women), scalping, skinning, exposure to the elements or to animals, and boiling alive . There are claims that on some occasions ten thousand people were impaled in 1460 alone. </li></ul><ul><li>In the same year as his birth, his father was living in Nuremberg, where he was vested into the Order of the Dragon. At the age of five, young Vlad was also initiated into the Order of the Dragon. </li></ul><ul><li>Vlad's father was assassinated in the marshes near Bălteni in December 1447 by rebellious boyars allegedly under the orders of Hungarian regent John Hunyadi. Vlad's older brother Mircea was also dead at this point, blinded with hot iron stakes and buried alive by his political enemies at Târgovişte. To protect their political power in the region, the Ottomans invaded Wallachia and the Sultan put Vlad III on the throne as a puppet ruler. His rule at this time would be brief; Hunyadi himself invaded Wallachia and ousted him the same year. Vlad fled to Moldavia until October 1451 and was put under the protection of his uncle, Bogdan II . </li></ul>
  88. 88. Evil people - Vlad III of Romania (also known as Vlad the Impaler, Dracula)
  89. 89. <ul><li>In captivity </li></ul><ul><li>The exact length of Vlad's period of captivity is open to some debate, though indications are that it was from 1462 until 1474 (12 years) . He was able to gradually win his way back into the graces of Hungary's monarch, and eventually marry a member of the royal family. His second wife, Countess Ilona Szilágy (a cousin of Matthias), bore him two sons, Vlad Dracula & another son whose name is unknown, who were about ten years old when he reconquered Wallachia in 1476. Diplomatic correspondence from Buda during the period in question also seems to support the claim that Vlad's actual period of confinement was relatively short. </li></ul><ul><li>The openly pro-Turkish policy of Radu (who was prince of Wallachia during most of Vlad's captivity), was a probable factor in Vlad's rehabilitation. During his captivity, Vlad also converted to Catholicism, in contrast to his brother who converted to Islam. In the years before his final release in 1474, when he began preparations for the reconquest of Wallachia, Vlad resided with his new wife in a house in the Hungarian capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Vlad Dracula was killed in battle against the Turks near the town of Bucharest in December of 1476. His body was decapitated by the Turks and his head sent to Istanbul where the Sultan had it displayed on a stake as proof that the Impaler was finally dead. He was reportedly buried at Snagov, an island monastery located near Bucharest. However, it should be noted that it is unclear who actually killed Vlad Dracula. Stories suggest his own troops accidentally killed him during battle as he sat on his horse watching the battle. </li></ul>Evil people - Vlad III of Romania (also known as Vlad the Impaler, Dracula)
  90. 90. Evil people – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia <ul><li>Ivan IV of Russia, also know as Ivan the Terrible, was the Grand Duke of Muscovy from 1533 to 1547 and was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of Tsar . In 1570, Ivan was under the belief that the elite of the city of Novgorod planned to defect to Poland, and led an army to stop them on January 2. Ivan’s soldiers built walls around the perimeter of the city in order to prevent the people of the city escaping. Between 500 and 1000 people we

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