The wildlife in India comprises a mix of species of different types of
Apart from a handful of the major farm animals such as cows,
buffaloes, goats, poultry and sheep, India has an amazingly wide
variety of animals native to the country. It is home
Wolves, Foxes, Bears, Crocodiles, Rhinoceroses, Camels, Wild
dogs, Monkeys, Snakes, Antelope species, Deer species, varieties
of bison and not to mention the mighty Asian elephant.
The region's rich and diverse wildlife is preserved in 89 national parks,
18 Bio reserves and 400+ wildlife sanctuaries across the country.
India has some of the most bio-diverse regions of the world .
India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species,
wildlife management in the country is essential to preserve these
Almost 4 % of India's land is under forests.
India is also famous for its incredible tigers and has the largest number
of bird species.
There are at least 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India, which attract
travelers and tourists from all parts of the world.
Some of the major wildlife sanctuaries are Corbett National
Park, Gir Wildlife Sanctury, Kaziranga National Park, Periyar
Wildlife Sanctuary, Neyyar Sanctuary, Kerala, Blackbuck
National Park, Gujarat, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and so
on. There are some hotels, resorts or guesthouses to cater to
the lodging needs of tourists.
One can see these sanctuaries accompanied by a guide, which
will be provided by the local travel agents.
The wildlife sanctuaries in India are home to around two
thousand different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals,
nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000
varieties of plants. Travelers from all across the globe come to
India to take a look at its rich wildlife and natural vegetation.
There are as many as 80 national
parks and over 441 wildlife
sanctuaries in India, covering
nearly 4.5% of the total
geographical area of the country.
Scattered all across the country,
these sanctuaries and parks
attracts the tourists with their
beautiful landscapes, amazing
rock formation and diverse range
of flora and fauna.
Most of these sanctuaries were
originally private hunting grounds
of the former Indian aristocratic
These sanctuaries and forest
reserves are home to several
endangered species of animals
and birds like the Asiatic
Elephant, the Royal Bengal tiger,
the Snow Leopard and the
Many of the forest reserves and
wildlife sanctuaries of India are
famous for some particular
species of animals. For instance,
the Kaziranga in Assam is
known for the Indian Rhinoceros,
while Periyar in Kerala is famous
The Jim Corbett National Park, Nanital, Uttrakhand which is
located in the Himalayan foothills, is the oldest national park
and also the first to come under project Tiger.
The Dudhwa National Park, Terai region of uttar Pradesh, is
another park made famous by its huge swamp deer population.
The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh is one of the
largest tiger reserves of India.
The wildlife sanctuaries of India also include the bird
sanctuaries, like the one at Bharatpur in Rajasthan.
The different species of birds that one can find over here is truly
fascinating. The Great Indian bustard, Himalayan monal
pheasant, white-bellied sea eagle, fruit pigeons and griffon
vultures are just some of the bird species that you can get to
Wildlife in North India
Naturally blessed this part of India is home to the vast
Himalayas and the great Gangetic Plains.
Due to its favorable climatic conditions and topographical
diversity North India supports a rich mix of flora and fauna.
North India provides shelter to some of the finest and the
rarest wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries.
Some of the species unique to this part of the country are;
bluesheep, Himalayan marmots, snow partridges, snow
leopards, goats like ibex, Himalayan wolfs, makhor, etc.
The list of most frequented wildlife sanctuaries in North
India include; Corbett National Park, Ranthambore National
Park , Rajasthan and Bharatpur National Park.
Wildlife in East
Unique and diverse the wildlife of East India attracts
millions of tourist from different parts of the globe.
Home to some of the finest endangered species like
Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, the One-horned Rhinoceros
and the Wild Buffalos the wildlife in this part of the
country is very different from the rest of India.
The two most important wildlife sanctuaries in East
India are the Sunderbans, West Bengal, and the
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam.
Wildlife in South India
South India is popular all across the globe for its
extraordinary, unusual and varied flora and fauna.
Characterized with lush greeneries South India
houses a fascinating wildlife that consists of about
500 species of mammals, 1225 varieties of Birds
and1600 types of reptiles.
Some of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in the
southern part of India include; The Periyar Wildlife
Sanctuary, Kerela, Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary,
and the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary,
Karnataka. The wildlife common to South India are;
Bison, Malabar Trogon, Antelopes etc.
Wildlife in West
Ideal for the wildlife enthusiasts the western part of India
supports a prominent part of India's wildlife. Supporting the
growth of a distinct flora and fauna this part of India resides
more than 40 mammals species and about 450 birds species.
Blessed in terms of topography and climate West India is home
to some of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in India.
There are about 300 Asiatic Lions in the Sasangir, Wildlife
Sanctuary which is situated in Gujarat.
The other important wildlife sancturies in West India include;
Dhangadhra Sanctuary, Wild Ass, Gujarat the Velavadar
National Park, Gujarat, Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch and
sanctuaries in India
Jim Corbett National Park: Said to be India's most beautiful wildlife
sanctuary the Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936.
Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand this National
Park is spread over an area of 1318.54 sq. km. Home to a rich
ecosystem the Jim Corbett National Park consists rolling grasslands
interspersed with rivers and valleys. An ideal place for bird watchers and
nature lovers this national park in North India is the residing place of the
endangered Bengal Tiger. Consisting of a diversified flora and fauna this
sanctuary in India is home to about 500 different species of plants, 600
species of birds and a number of animals which includes , gharial,
elephant, chital, sambar, wild boar , King Cobra, Indian Pangolin nilgai,
muntjac, , common musk shrew, and the flying fox.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated in the mighty
Western Ghats the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is said
to be heaven for the nature lovers. Set amidst the
picturesque surroundings and vast tracts of lush
greeneries of Kerala this wildlife sanctuary in South
India is the adobe of some of the rarest endangered
species in the country. Beautiful as it is this wildlife
sanctuary offers enthralling views of nature and
includes a host of wildlife attractions like Barking
Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog, Deer, Mouse and
very rarely, a Tiger. There are also a number of birds
that inhabit the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary which
include Darters, Kingfishers, Cormorants and the
Gir National Park: Spread over an area of 1412 sq
km the Gir National Park lies in the Gujarat
Peninsular region of India. Known to be the last
habitat of the world renowned Asiatic Lion, this
wildlife sanctuary in western India is every nature
lovers dream. Consisting of a seamless blend of
valleys, rivers, dense deciduous forests and
swampy grasslands this national park is considered
as one of the top wildlife habitats in the country.
Mostly known for its Asiatic Lions this wildlife
sanctuary is also famous for species like; Grey
Musk Shrew, Flying Foe, Hare, Hedgehog, Small
Indian Civet, Indian Pangolin, Ratel, Porcupine, Fox
and Jackal. The peafowl is the most important bird
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary: Counted as one of
the most frequented wildlife sanctuaries in India the
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Alwar
district of Rajasthan. Extending over 800 sq km of
vast green milieu and encompassing certain
important historical monuments within the vicinity of
the park this wildlife sanctuary is definitely eye
candy to the nature and wildlife enthusiast. The
biosphere of this wildlife sanctuary includes rocky
landscapes, dry deciduous forests, and hilly cliffs.
Sasrika is said to be ethereal for bird watchers with
some of the rarest feathered species like Grey
Partridge, white breasted Kingfisher, golden
backed woodpecker and the Sand Grouse. Some
of the wildlife that reside in this wildlife sanctuary
are; Four-horned antelope, hyena rhesus
macaque, leopard, languor and the jungle cat.
Sunderbans National Park:
Synonymous with wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries
in India the Sunderbans National Park is the
undisputed gem in the crown of the eastern part of
India. It is situated in the world's largest Delta this
wildlife sanctuary in India spreads over an area of
4264 square km of impenetrable mangrove forests.
Bestowed with the title of a UNESCO World
Heritage Site the Sunderbans in Eastern India is
known to be the largest tiger reserve in the country.
Idyllic for bird gazers and nature lovers the
Sunderbans is home to species a multitude of
species apart from the Royal Bengal Tiger like;
Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Chital, Wild boar and
Ranthambore National Park: When talking
about National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries in
India the Ranthambore National Park needs a
definite mention. Ranked as one of the largest
and most reputed national park in North India
this wildlife sanctuary is situated in Rajasthan.
Said to be the once famous hunting ground of
the Maharajas of Jaipur this National Park is
sprawled over 1,334 sq km of terrain. Offering
a gamut of flora and fauna this national park is
home to species such as the sambar, hyena,
sloth bear, leopard, nilgai, dhole and lots more.
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