Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Chapter 2 fitness 4 life middle
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Chapter 2 fitness 4 life middle


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. + Chapter 2 Learning Skills for Enjoying Physical Activity
  • 2. + Vocabulary  Agility  Balance  Coordination  Motor Skills  Motor Units  Performance Skills  Power  Practice  Reaction Time  Skill  Skill-Related Fitness  Speed  Sport skills
  • 3. + Skill  Ability to do a specific Task
  • 4. + What are skills?  Sport Skills: Skills needed to perform vigorous activities such as sports.  Motor Skills: Skills that are needed to move but not necessarily for vigorous activities such as sports.  Motor Units: when nerves and muscles work together as they are signaled by the brain.  Performance Skills: Skills used in activities other than sports.
  • 5. + Practice  We learn skills with PRACTICE and are able to function effectively.  The younger you are, the easier you may learn skills.  Basic skills and sport skills are learned in elementary and middle school.
  • 6. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  AGILITY  The ability to change body positions quickly and keep your body under control when it is moving.  Rope Games, Dancing, Wrestling, and defending in football and basketball.
  • 7. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  BALANCE  The ability to keep your body in a steady position while standing or moving.  Balance helps you to ride a surfboard, ride a bike, and do activities such as the balance beam in gymnastics.
  • 8. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  COORDINATION  The ability of body parts to work together when you perform an activity. Hitting a ball requires the use of your eyes together with your hands and arms.  Jumping hurdles, kickboxing, and aerobic dance require your eyes, feet, and legs. Kicking and performing dance steps require coordination.
  • 9. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  POWER  The ability to combine strength with speed while moving. A shot putter combines strength with speed to perform with power.  A softball player who swings the bat quickly and with a lot of force demonstrates power.
  • 10. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  REACTION TIME  The ability to move quickly when you get a signal to start moving.  A swimmer or runner starting a race needs good reaction time.
  • 11. + Parts of Skill-Related Physical Fitness  SPEED  The ability to get from one place to another in the shortest possible time.  You can have speed of your whole body, such as when you move your hands very quickly to steal a ball from another person in a basketball game.
  • 12. + Moving Together: Full Participation  WHENYOU ARE A LEADER OF A GROUP  Use basic leadership skills  Strong Voice  Eye Contact  Enthusiasm  Ask questions of the group  Ask group members to help demonstrate skills  Have all group members practice the skills together  Give positive feedback to those who try  Tell group members that it is OK to make a mistake
  • 13. + Moving Together: Full Participation  WHENYOU ARE PARTICIPATING IN A GROUP  Help the leader by participating.  Avoid talking when the leader is talking.  Give your best effort in all activities.
  • 14. + Vocabulary  Feedback  First-Class Levers  Lever  Mental Practice  Paralysis by analysis  Practice  Routine  Second-Class levers  Third-Class levers
  • 15. + What is practice?  Repeating an action over and over to improve skill.
  • 16. + What is feedback?  Information that the instructor “feeds” or gives “back”to you after you perform a movement so you have a better idea of what you did.  Helps you to make appropriate changes so that you improve your performance.
  • 17. + Biomechanical Principles: Levers  LEVER: Basic machine. A bar or stiff straight object that can be used to lift weight, increase force, or create speed.
  • 18. + Biomechanical Principles: Levers  FIRST-CLASS LEVERS: Allow you to lift a heavy weight with a small amount of force. Ex:Whole body weight with the small leg muscles.
  • 19. + Biomechanical Principles: Levers  SECOND-CLASS LEVERS: Not common. Person doing a push-up. Force required for the arms to lift the body is about half the total body weight.
  • 20. + Biomechanical Principles: Levers  THIRD-CLASS LEVERS: Most common. Pivot point at the end. Muscles apply force to the lever near the pivot.
  • 21. + Principle in Practice  Practice helps you use your body levers properly  Practice helps you improve speed  Practice helps you improve accuracy
  • 22. + Paralysis by Analysis  Too much information given at one time
  • 23. + Mental Practice  Imagining performing a skill properly.
  • 24. + How often should you practice?  Works best when you enjoy it and can focus on it.  Too long practices can get you tired or bored.  Find ways to make practice fun or use enjoyable practice drills.  Regular practices are necessary: Longer for athletes. Daily practice is best.  If you don’t practice, your body “forgets” the best way to perform skills.