Islam And Christianity (TiS Version)


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Islam And Christianity (TiS Version)

  1. 1. Islam and Estranged siblings or polarized world views? Christianity 5 pillars of faith terminology • Islam - The religion revealed to Muhammad, 1. Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of meaning “submission” (to the will of Allah) the prophet hood of Muhammad (shahadah) • Muslim - “one who submits” (to God), a follower of Muhammad 2. Establishment of the daily prayers (salat) • Allah - Arabic word for God, used by Jews and Christians as well 3. Concern for and almsgiving to the needy (zakat) • Muhammad - The founder of Islam, 570-632 AD. He is considered by Muslims to be the last and final prophet of God through whom God gave the 4. Self-purification through fasting (sawm) revelations in the Qur’an. • Qur'an (Koran) - Believed by Muslims to be the 5. The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able (hajj) full and final revelation of God to mankind, conveyed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel (Note: pillars 2 to 5 have a pagan background) over a 23 year period and corresponds to the eternal origin in Heaven. • Hadith - “a story”, an oral tradition later written God has decreed the faith He gave immutable and down of what the prophet supposedly said (sunna), did, or approved of – something said or commissioned us to be “hope sharers”... (Jude done in his presence 1:3, 1 Peter 3:15) • Jihad - Sacred struggle with word or sword in the cause of Allah; a holy war • Fatwa - A expert legal opinion of Qur’anic law Do not let the opportunity pass to share the Gospel • Shirk - Association, in particular the association of any other God, so as to impugn his absolute message with Muslims around you. uniqueness Comparison of Islamic God & Christian God Allah (Islamic God) Jehovah (Christian God) "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in God sent His Son, Jesus, to atone for the sins of mankind (His) domain.” (17:111) (John 3:16-17) "O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Jesus is part of the triune God, come in the flesh to earth for Nor, say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of this purpose through His crucifixion and resurrection. Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah and His Word...” (4:171) "Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is heavy -- they “Know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but will attain salvation...” (23:102) by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified.” (Gal. 2:16) Other references: Romans 5:10 & Acts 4:12 and on and on…
  2. 2. Comparison of Jesus & Muhammad Islamic Sects Jesus Muhammad Created as result of dispute over who the Virgin born Natural birth first “Caliph” or successor of Muhammad Sinless Sinful (prayed 70 times a day for 1. Sunni sins) • 80% of Muslims Died for sinners Died for no one • Successor should be elected • Hadith recognized Performed miracles No miracles (he says no miracles but later does because others 2. Shi’ite said Moses and Jesus did) • Successor should come from bloodline of Muhammad Son of God Only a man • Would have been Ali, Muhammad’s Worshipped Not worshipped cousin and son-in-law • Hadith not recognized Resurrected from dead Died and stayed dead (tomb still in medina) 3. Sufi (small sect) • Mystical Fulfilled OT prophecies Fulfilled no prophecies • Seek personal relationship with Allah Ascended into Heaven Did not ascend into Heaven • New age aspect of Jewish (Messiah) – OT link Arab (not Messiah) pantheism/monotheism • Potential to attain godhood (fanna) Mediator/Intercessor/Saviour Not mediator/saviour Personal relationship No personal relationship Other key differences (Sunni vs. Shi’ite) also Second coming (even Muslims No second coming resulting from: Political issues, view of Qur'an being believe this) created or eternal, Role of Imams. Gives eternal life Does not give eternal life The Christian and Muslim View of Jesus Christian View Son of God Muslim View (He is God Incarnate) Revered Prophet Saviour of the World Not the Son of God He was Crucified and Never Crucified, but was Resurrected Taken to Heaven Part of the Trinity The Messiah for the Jews Messiah for the Whole Only World