Bible Contradictions (TiS Version)
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Bible Contradictions (TiS Version)

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Bible Contradictions (TiS Version) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Prepared by: Sumair Mirza Primary Source: Rev. Tony Costa Sumair Mirza
  • 2. Agenda • Basic overview of Bible • Some concepts on how to approach Bible Study • Alleged Contradictions In order to grow, to share, to reason with others one must have an adequate comprehension of the Word.
  • 3. Bible Background • 1600 years old • 40 authors • Three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic (e.g. Daniel 2-7, portions of Ezra, Jeremiah 10:10, etc.), Greek • 70% of NT are letters • OT: Prophets, fire, clouds, glory of light in the temple – Hebrew scriptures = Masorectic Text (MT) – Greek translation = Septuagint (Lxx) • NT: Incarnate – Written in Greek + used Lxx because writing to Greek speaking audience God seems to yell louder as the Bible progresses
  • 4. Bible Structure: OT = 593-5-593 5 – Basic Law 5 – Basic Prophecy 9 – Pre-exile 5 – Inner life 9 – Pre-exile History Prophecy 3 – Post-exile 3 – Post-exile History Prophecy Pre-Exile -> 586 BC -> Post-exile
  • 5. Bible Structure: NT = 4 1 13 8 1 4 – Manifestation (Gospels) 1 – Proclamation (Acts) 13 – Explanation (Paul’s letters) 8 – Applications (Hebrews-Jude) 1 – Expectation (Revelation) First 5 “application” texts were to Jews like the Pentateuch
  • 6. Bible Structure: NT = 4 1 13 8 1 4 – Manifestation (Gospels) 1 – Proclamation (Acts) Fun Fact: 13 66ExplanationIsaiah,letters) 39 are Judgment theme – Chapters in (Paul’s First and Next 27 are about atonement… Seem Familiar? 8 – Applications (Hebrews-Jude) 1 – Expectation (Revelation) First 5 “application” texts were to Jews like the Pentateuch
  • 7. Biblical Interpretation • Exegesis (Good): Draw meaning out of text • Eisegesis (Bad): Read one’s ideas into the text • GODISNOWHERE (example of what scribes had to manage with) – GOD IS NOW HERE = Meaning #1 = state God exists  theism – GOD IS NOWHERE = Meaning #2 = state God does not exist  atheism – Scribes had to decipher no spaces (continuo scripto) • Oldest NT manuscripts
  • 8. Be careful… • Nehemiah 8:8: even prophets show interest in correct biblical understanding • John 6:30-33: Jesus corrects wrong scriptural understanding • Galatians 3:16: Paul careful interpreter (seed = one person = Jesus Christ)
  • 9. Different Types of Writing • Narratives; mostly literal • Poetry; can contain metaphors (Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, etc.) – In Hebrew meanings rhyme not the words (e.g. Heavens vs. Firmament – Psalm 19) • Apocalyptic; highly symbolic (Daniel 2-7, some of Joel, some of Isaiah, etc.) • Prophetic; deals with present conditions and also future ones (some of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, some of Daniel, Hosea, Joel, etc.) – Propheme means “to speak” , not always future”
  • 10. Metaphors used to communicate on our level • Anthropomorphism; applying human like qualities to God (e.g. hands, eyes, nose, arm, etc.) • Zoomorphism; applying animal like qualities to God (e.g. lion (Hos. 13:8, Amos), she bear, wings, feathers, etc.) • Anthropopathism; applying human emotions to God (laughter (Psalms 2:4, 37:13), anger (Exodus 4:14), grieving, etc.) – Distinct difference is God is not controlled by emotions like us
  • 11. Audience is important… • Scriptures were tailored to audience as any good presenter would do… • In New Guinea the pig is sacred and liver is the centre of emotions • Imagine… – Behold Jesus comes, the piglet of God….?! – My son Shechem has his liver set on your daughter. Please give her to him as his wife….?!
  • 12. Gospel Accounts and Themes How was it tailored to Gospel Audience Focus audience? Matthew Jews What did Jesus • Frequently quotes OT to say? show Jesus fulfillment of the messianic prophecies • Quotes reflect the Hebrew text and the rest are from the Greek version (Septuagint) Mark Romans What did Jesus • Power do? • “Movie-like” snapshots (quick) Luke Greeks Who followed • Like birth stories Jesus? • Wisdom • Saviour of world John Believers Who was Jesus? • Galilean mission to Judea*
  • 13. Gospel Accounts and Themes Prophetic Meaning Gospel Reflection Symbol Lion King Matthew* • Messiah King Ox Servant Mark* • Suffering Servant Jesus Man Humanity Luke* • Humanity, grew up 12 years old (b/c bar mitzvah age) • He is the perfect and ideal human who comes to reconcile both Jews and Gentiles to God • Emphasis on the Gentile outreach of Jesus Eagle Deity John • All about God and God is all and all is from him and for him * Synoptic gospels = “see through one eye”
  • 14. Alleged Contradictions • Days contradiction? – Matt 17:1, Mark 9:2, Luke 9:28 – Answer: Luke is approximate says “some”, not concerned with exact # of days
  • 15. Alleged Contradictions… • Who caused David to take a census of Israel? • A. God (2 Sam. 24:1) or B. Satan (1 Chron. 21:1) – Western thinking leads to disjunctive choice (e.g. A or B) (Aristotelian thinking) – Eastern Jewish can be both (e.g. A+B) – God permits Satan to act (Job 1-2) (Satan can’t do anything without God’s consent (Luke 22:31)
  • 16. Alleged Contradictions… • Muslim’s say Paul corrupted Christianity... Why? • James 2:20,24 (Jesus’ bro says works + faith?) vs. Rom. 3:28, 4:4-5 (Paul seems to say faith alone?) – Seemingly contradicts Sola Fide? (Faith Alone) – Response: • James is talking about works of faith (faith before men) • Paul is talking about works of law (faith before God) • How do we know? (James 2:14 – “to the brethren”, “that faith”  should result in works (matches Eph. 2:8-10))
  • 17. Alleged Contradictions… • Do not judge, or you too will be judged. (Matt. 7:1) • Stop judging by mere appearances, and make a right judgment." (John 7:24) • What is going on here? – Read Context: It’s about hypocritical judgment
  • 18. Alleged Contradictions… – “…Father is greater than I” (John 14:28), how? Is Jesus saying the Father is better than himself? – Answer: Does “greater” = “better”? • For example, is a parent greater than the child (e.g. Jesus submitted to Joseph and Mary) or the Prime Minister of Canada greater than us? (office of authority) • It is a reference to authority (hierarchy exists in the trinity) – Father elects for salvation – Son purchases with blood – Holy Spirit seals them
  • 19. Alleged Contradictions… • You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it. (John 14:14) • Ask God and he will give you anything? (John 14:14) – Answer: Tota Scriptura (1 John 5:14-15) – Paul rejoices in infirmities – C.S. Lewis “God whispers to us in our joy but screams to us in our pain.”
  • 20. Alleged Contradictions… • Psalm 82:6 "I said, 'You are "gods"; you are all sons of the Most High.‘…” • We are gods?! • Answer: read context… read before and after… – “Provide justice” – “Like mere men” – Similar theme in Exodus 7:1 with Moses but merely talks about presiding justice/authority (Exodus 21:6; 22:8) – God is the real judge (Psalm 50:6)
  • 21. Alleged Contradictions • Jonah was in a fish or whale? • How if whale is not a type of fish? – Jonah 1:17 – Matt. 12:40 – Answer: Dag is Hebrew word for “fish”, no word for “whale” exists. Dag used in reference to sea animals
  • 22. Alleged Contradictions • Who killed Goliath? – 1 Sam. 17:50 says David OR 2 Sam. 21:19 says Elhanan? – Answer: 1 Chron. 20:5 – David, accidental/incidental scribal error resulted in dropped “brother”
  • 23. Alleged Contradictions • Deuteronomy 34:5-8 – Who wrote about Moses’ death? Couldn’t be Moses (author of Deuteronomy)? – Answer: Likely Joshua, Moses’ successor (Epilogue flows into Joshua 1:1) – Epilogue doesn’t take away from authorship of book (often when an author passes away prior to completion of book a close friend will write epilogue, doesn’t confuse authorship)
  • 24. Alleged Contradictions • Sign above cross (why all say different things?) – Matt. 27:37, Mark 15:26, Luke 23:38, John 19:19 – Answer: Sign in different languages (John 19:20 - Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.) – Matthew: Hebrew/Aramaic  For Jews as their languages – Mark: Latin (Romans)  Romans ruling (usually only charge mentioned) – Luke: Greek  common language – John: Roman form of sign  (name of accused + charge) (probably from Pilate himself)
  • 25. Remember… To doubt God is the first step to muffle God’s voice To criticize God is the first step to gag God’s voice
  • 26. thank you.
  • 27. www.theologyinsneakers.com sumair@theologyinsneakers.com