Lynas Advanced Material Plan (LAMP)            Perception/myth and factssulaim_qais@yahoo.com
PERCEPTION 1 : L.A.M.P is a nuclear plant   L.A.M.P. is not a nuclear plant.    Laporan pakar International Atomic Energy ...
PERCEPTION 1 : L.A.M.P is a nuclear plant                     LAMP Main products and its application No       Product     ...
PERCEPTION 2 : L.A.M.P. similar/comparable to Asian Rare                   Earth Material (ARE) Bukit MerahLAMP is not the...
sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
[Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 27 dan 28]sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
PERCEPTION 3 : ARE project affect the people at bukit merah.  No scientific research showing that there’s an effect in can...
PERCEPTION 4 : L.A.M.P was chased out from Australia, China,                      Terengganu and not allowed in other coun...
PERCEPTION 4 : L.A.M.P was chased out from Australia, China,                      Terengganu and not allowed in other coun...
PERCEPTION 5 : LAMP operation will induce cancer   Bukti-bukti saintifik yang dikemukakan oleh pakar-pakar keselamatan sin...
PERCEPTION 5 : LAMP operation will induce cancer[http://mitnse.com/, MIT NSE Nuclear Information Hub, MIT Department of Nu...
[Edited from http://www.dbcp.gov.hk]                                           LYNAS                                      ...
PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect                        the environment            Three s...
PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect                      the environment    Tiada kemungkinan...
PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect                        the environment     Buat masa seka...
Sekiranya, R&D terhadap residu-residu dan pengkomersialan gagal, residu hendaklah diurusdan distor di Permanent Disposal F...
PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect                    the environmentAccording to Act 304 an...
How lynas deal with the residue after 10 months of TOL ??  AELB had approved the TOL 1st February 2012, but only issued it...
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Notes about Lynas advanced material plan (lamp)

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Some of my findings about Lynas Advanced Material Plant (LAMP)... This humble note is just for my reference and still in research. Hope that i learn something.. and share with me ur oppinion
Perception/ Myth and facts...
Lynas, LAMP, Malaysia Lynas, Radioactive, Nuclear reactor

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Notes about Lynas advanced material plan (lamp)

  1. 1. Lynas Advanced Material Plan (LAMP) Perception/myth and factssulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  2. 2. PERCEPTION 1 : L.A.M.P is a nuclear plant L.A.M.P. is not a nuclear plant. Laporan pakar International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) yang membuat pemerhatian bahawa kilang Lynas adalah kilang memproses yang bukan unik tetapi adalah serupa dengan lain-lain kilang yang memproses sebatian yang sama seperti terdapat di lain-lain tempat di dunia. [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 23]Bahan mentah (pekatan lantanid) yang akan digunakan oleh kilang Lynas adalah tidakditakrifkan sebagai bahan radioaktif tetapi sebagai bahan yang mengandungi unsur radioaktifsemulajadi naturally occuring radioactive material (NORM). Sehubungan itu, residu yang akandikeluarkan daripada LAMP juga ditakrifkan sebagai bukan sisa radioaktif, tetapi ditakrifkansebagai residu yang mengandungi NORM. [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 24] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  3. 3. PERCEPTION 1 : L.A.M.P is a nuclear plant LAMP Main products and its application No Product Application 1 SEG-HRE carbonate Phosphors for color screens and energy efficient lighting (e.q. compact fluorescent lights) 2 LCPN carbonate Downstream processing plants for separation into individual lanthanide products 3 Lanthanum Chloride, Fluid Cracking Catalysis (used in oil refining) and to the Carbonate or oxide manufacturers of battery alloy for nickel metal hydride (NiMH) rechargeable batteries 4 Lanthanum-Cerium Glass polishing powder (plasma TV and LCD TV) Carbonate 5 Cerium Chloride, Automotive catalyst powders for automotive industry Carbonate or Oxide 6 Didymium oxide and Magnetic alloys, metal production. Neodymium Oxide [Prof Ir Dr Badhrulhisham Abdul Aziz, Integrity science and perception]sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  4. 4. PERCEPTION 2 : L.A.M.P. similar/comparable to Asian Rare Earth Material (ARE) Bukit MerahLAMP is not the same as Asian Rare Earth (ARE) having different raw material, radiation level,and process implemented. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  5. 5. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  6. 6. [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 27 dan 28]sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  7. 7. PERCEPTION 3 : ARE project affect the people at bukit merah. No scientific research showing that there’s an effect in cancer on the civilian surroundings. The closing of ARE is due lack of profits not because it is dangerous.kejadian kanser dan leukemia di Bukit Merah tidak dapat dikaitkan dengan kilang ARE keranasela masa yang singkat (5 hingga 10 tahun), dos yang diterima pekerja adalah rendah, malahantiada pekerja dilaporkan menghidap kanser atau leukemia. Sebaliknya, ia didakwa berlaku dikalangan bukan pekerja. Dakwaan bahawa berlaku peningkatan sehingga 100 kaliganda, sekiranya benar, sepatutnya dapat dilihat pada masa kini, iaitu 20 hingga 30 tahunselepas operasi ARE. Bagaimanapun, tiada bukti kukuh berhubung kadar peningkatan keskanser dan leukemia dari Bukit Merah ini. [Laporan jawatankuasakhas,ms 33]Asian Rare Earth project which began its operation April on 1982 at 7.2 km Jalan Lahat BukitMerah. On 11 Jul 1992 Ipoh High court issued an order to ARE to stop its operation due toresidence claims that the project endangered their life . 23 Dec 1993, the Supreme Courtoverturned the High Court Decision on the ground that ARE’s experts are more credible in termof the result of the tests conducted by them showing that radiation was within permissible level.Finally in 14 Jan 1994, ARE made announcement to close the plant due to market forces whereprice of rare earth in the world market had dropped significantly.[Prof Ir Dr Badhrulhisham Abdul Aziz, Integrity science and perception] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  8. 8. PERCEPTION 4 : L.A.M.P was chased out from Australia, China, Terengganu and not allowed in other countries. That’s why it is build in Malaysia LAMP telah mendapat kelulusan dan kebenaran untuk dibangunkan di Australia dan China. Dibagunkan di gebeng selepas mengambil kira beberapa faktor.Malaysian law is equivalent to, if not stricter than Australia’s.Malaysia’s lower production costsare among factors that attract foreign investment. [www.aelb.gov.my] Pada Januari 2004, Syarikat Lynas telah mendapat lanjutan tempoh lesen daripada Kerajaan Australia Barat untuk beroperasi di Meenar Industrial Park, Perth. Walau bagaimanapun, syarikat mendapati adalah tidak ekonomik untuk beroperasi di Australia kerana kos infrastruktur dan utiliti seperti air dan elektrik yang tinggi. Kos utiliti air di Australia dianggarkan dalam lingkungan RM6 per meter padu berbanding kos di Malaysia iaitu sebanyak RM0.84 per meter padu. Kos tenaga elektrik pula adalah RM0.23 per kilowatt jam berbanding RM0.96 per kilowatt jam di Australia. Bagi kos bahan kimia yang digunakan iaitu caustic soda, Projek LAMP membayar RM500 per tan berbanding RM1,500 per tan di Australia. Sehubungan itu pengoperasian Projek LAMP di Malaysia adalah lebih ekonomik berbanding di Australia. [ Laporan Jawatankuasa Khas] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  9. 9. PERCEPTION 4 : L.A.M.P was chased out from Australia, China, Terengganu and not allowed in other countries. That’s why it is build in Malaysia Lynas juga mendapat kelulusan untuk beroperasi di China. Namun disebabkan dasar KerajaanChina yang mengenakan syarat kuota eksport, maka ia adalah kekangan kepada pertumbuhansyarikat. Dasar kuato eksport tersebut, pada waktu ini, sedang dicabar oleh beberapa negara,iaitu Amerika Syarikat, Mexico dan Kesatuan Eropah sebagai bertentangan dengan semangatdan obligasi China sebagai anggota World Trade Organisation (WTO).Pada peringkat awal, Lynas telah mengenal pasti Kawasan Perindustrian Telok Kalong, Kemaman, Terengganusebagai lokasi projek. Cadangan projek ini telah dibentangkan dan diluluskan oleh Jawatankuasa BertindakBerkenaan Perindustrian di MIDA pada 25 Januari 2007 setelahmendapatkan ulasan teknikal dari AELBdan JAS mengenai permohonan Lynas dan kedua-dua jabatan tersebut menyatakan bahawa tiada halangantertakluk kepada Akta Perlesenan Tenaga Atom 1984 [Akta 304] dan Akta Kualiti Alam Sekeliling 1974 [Akta127]. Pada 9 Februari 2007, Lynas telah diberikan surat kelulusan interim Lesen Pengilang KementerianPerdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri (MITI) untuk mengeluarkan nadir bumi oksida dan karbonat diKawasan Perindustrian Telok Kalong, Kemaman, Terengganu. Pada 10 Ogos 2007, Mesyuarat JawatankuasaKabinet Mengenai Pelaburan (JKMP) telah dimaklumkan oleh wakil Kerajaan Negeri Terengganu bahawaKerajaan Negeri Terengganu telah menolak projek Lynas. Keputusan Kerajaan Negeri Terengganu adalahberdasarkan pengalaman projek Asian Rare Earth Sdn. Bhd. (ARE) di Lahat, Perak (Sebetulnya tidak samadan tidak boleh dibuat perbandingan). sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  10. 10. PERCEPTION 5 : LAMP operation will induce cancer Bukti-bukti saintifik yang dikemukakan oleh pakar-pakar keselamatan sinaran dan reaktor nuklear telah menyatakan projek LAMP adalah selamat. Mereka menjelaskan kadar dos sinaran terhadap pekerja dan orang awam daripada projek LAMP iaitu masing-masing pada kadar purata 2 mSv dan 0.002 mSv setahun (worst-case scenario). [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 34] Radiation is always around us. Some areas in Perak, Selangor and Langkawi have higher than the average levels of natural radiation in Malaysia but pose no hazardous consequences. Radiation is also used in the medical field. [www.aelb.gov.my]“No health effects have been proven below the 50mSv per year level. “[Department of Nuclear engineering University ofCalifornia, http://www.nuc.berkeley.edu/ UCBAirSampling] As determined in the Radiological Impact Assessment (RIA) report, the radiation exposure resulting from the Lynas factory is at a safe and acceptable level. Exposure level closest to the factory is equivalent to natural background radiation. There would be no circumstances of external radiation effects (skin) to individuals as a result of radiation exposure from Lynas operations. [http://www.aelb.gov.my/aelb/malay/dokumen/lynas/faq/FAQ_Lynas-public_display3-26Jan2012_FINAL.pdf] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  11. 11. PERCEPTION 5 : LAMP operation will induce cancer[http://mitnse.com/, MIT NSE Nuclear Information Hub, MIT Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering]sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  12. 12. [Edited from http://www.dbcp.gov.hk] LYNAS 0.002 mSvsulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  13. 13. PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect the environment Three separate residue streams are produced : i) Flue Gas Desulphurisation residue (FGD) ii) Neutralisation Underflow residue (NUF) iii) Water Leach Purification residue (WLP) - contained 5.71 Bq/g [Lynas Advanced Materials Project: Preliminary Comparison of Residue Disposal Options]“The radionuclide concentrations in the FGD and NUF residues are expected to be very low– similar to the average values in normal rocks and soil worldwide (and in Malaysia) “[International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Report of the International Review Mission on the Radiation SafetyAspect of a Proposed Rare Earths Processing Facility (The lynas project)] WLP mempunyai 5.71 Bq/g torium. Nilai ini melepasi standard IAEA sebagai bahan bukan radioaktif atau dikenali sebagai Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)kerana tidak melebihi 10Bq/g. Walaubagaimanapun Malaysia (AELB) meletakkan standard yang lebih ketat iaitu 1Bq/g supaya sesuatu bahan boleh dikategorikan sebagai NORM. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  14. 14. PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect the environment Tiada kemungkinan bagi seseorang itu untuk terdedah kepada torium secara langsung sama ada dalaman atau luaran (internal or external) bagi residu yang terhasil di kilang Lynas dalam kuantiti yang boleh membawa kemudaratan ataupun melebihi had yang dibenarkan. [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 25]Potensi penggunaan atau pengkitaran semula residu (reuse or recycle) umpamanya untukkegunaan landfil dan bahan asas untuk jalan (material for road base, car park, etc.) bolehdirujuk kepada tiga sumber berikut: .[Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 30]i. Laporan IAEA General Safety Guide (GSG-1): Classification of Radioactive Waste 2009;menyatakan bahawa salah satu pilihan untuk pengurusan sisa radioaktif yang boleh diberikankebenaran residu ini untuk pembinaan jalan (para 2.20 muka surat 11);ii. Laporan Health Protection Agency, Center for Radiation, Chemicals and EnvironmentalHazards, UK (HPA-CRCE-001) tahun 2012 (T Anderson dan S Mobbs); daniii. Kertas kerja Phosphogypsum (PG): Uses and Current HandlingPractices Worldwide di 25th Annual Lakeland Regional Phosphate Conference (Julian Hilton). [Laporan jawatankuasa khas] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  15. 15. PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect the environment Buat masa sekarang semua residu lynas termasuk WLP disimpan di RSF yang terletak di tapak LAMP. Kesemua residu yang dihasilkan akan distor sementara di dalam RSF yang terletak di dalam kawasan tapak kilang sebelum pelupusan akhir (final disposal) dilaksanakan. [Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 30]“Lynas intends to temporarily store the WLP residue on site at the RSF”[International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Report of the International Review Mission on the Radiation Safety Aspect ofa Proposed Rare Earths Processing Facility (The lynas project)] The Residue Storage Facility (RSF) was built above ground level and 4 metres above groundwater table. The Residue Storage Facility at the site is only permitted for temporary storage. [http://www.aelb.gov.my]Lynas akan melakukan program pembangunan dan penyelidikan (R&D) terhadap residu-residuyang terhasil bagi tujuan guna semula dan pengkomersilan.[Laporan jawatankuasa khas,ms 29] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  16. 16. Sekiranya, R&D terhadap residu-residu dan pengkomersialan gagal, residu hendaklah diurusdan distor di Permanent Disposal Facility (PDF); jika gagal menempat dan membina (PDF),semua residu akan dihantar pulang ke sumber asal, jika perlu.[Laporan jawatankuasakhas,ms 30] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  17. 17. PERCEPTION 6 : The residue of LAMP will induce cancer and affect the environmentAccording to Act 304 and Radiation Protection (Licensing) Regulations 1986, the term ‘Pre-operating license’ is known as ‘Class A Milling - Temporary Operation Stage License (TOL) . Thelicensee will be monitored closely and inspected frequently to ensure radiation safety ofworkers, the public and the environment. Amongst others, routine monitoring results will beevaluated before the licensee can apply for the next stage viz. a full operating license.[http://www.aelb.gov.my] Tempoh 10 bulan adalah untuk mengikat Lynas agar mengemukakan hasil penyelidikan (R&D) berkaitan hasil kitar semula residu WLP dengan kadar segera. Jika tidak, Lynas perlu mengemukakan pelan dan lokasi bagi Kemudahan Pelupusan Tetap (PDF). Sekiranya penyelidikan pengkitaran semula serta lokasi PDF tidak dapat dikenal pasti atau diluluskan, Lynas hendaklah membawa residu yang dihasilkan oleh LAMP keluar dari Malaysia [Pengurusan Residu daripada projek lynas, AELB & MOSTI, http://www.aelb.gov.my] sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  18. 18. How lynas deal with the residue after 10 months of TOL ?? AELB had approved the TOL 1st February 2012, but only issued it this 5thSeptember, which means the deadline for the 10-month period is likely to fall on July 2013.What is the result for managing those chemical (not a radioactive) waste? We just need good answers for this before taking any actions.
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