Malaysia Television services
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Malaysia Television services Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 25 January 2013 TELEVISION SERVICES in Malaysia sulaim_qais@yahoo.com
  • 2. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Introduction  This slide presents the television services exist /used in Malaysia  Spectrum allocation governed by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC)Television services in Malaysia
  • 3. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comIntroduction : Services Analog terrestrial Television broadcast Internet TV Digital terrestrial television broadcast SERVICES Transit TV Satellite TV IPTV Cable TV Mobile TVTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 4. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Analog terrestrial TV broadcastTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 5. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comAnalog Terrestrial TV Broadcast• Mostly the national free-to-air terrestrial• The traditional way of receiving television in Malaysia• Several technologies exist throughout the globe such as (PAL, SÉCAM or NTSC).• Malaysia are using Phase-Alternating Line (PAL)• analogue transmission is 625 lines System B (VHF, channels 2-12) or System G (UHF channels 21-69)• Reaches 98% of population• were scheduled to be switched off in phases in 2015 What is PAL ? Phase-Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system used in broadcast television systems in large parts of the world. PAL refers to the way in which the color information on the video signal is reversed with each line, which automatically corrects phase errors in the transmission of the signal by canceling them out. PAL systems have a refresh rate of 25 full frames per second.Television services in Malaysia
  • 6. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comAnalog Terrestrial TV Broadcast Analog Terrestrial Channel Media Prima RTM (Government) Berhad RTM (Government) Media Prima Berhad Media Prima Al Hijrah Media Berhad Media Prima Corporation Berhad (Government) Malaysia News TelevisionThere are currently 8 national free-to-air terrestrial television stations in MalaysiaTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 7. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comAnalog Terrestrial TV Broadcast Broadcasting Frequency (KL) Malaysia analogue terrestrial television are broadcasting using VHF and UHF. VHF/UHF Video carrier Audio carrier Channel no. (MHz) (MHz) TV1 5 175.25 180.75 TV2 8 196.25 201.75 TV3 12 224.25 229.75 NTV7 7 189.25 194.75 8TV 27 519.25 524.75 TV9 33 567.25 572.75 TV Alhijrah 55 743.25 748.75 Woldview broadcast 39 615.25 620.75 VHF = Channel 5 – 12 Broadcast frequencies depending on region UHF = Channel 21 - 61Television services in Malaysia
  • 8. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Spectrum allocationTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 9. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Spectrum allocationTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 10. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Digital Terrestrial Television BroadcastingTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 11. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDigital Terrestrial Television Broadcast STILL IN PROGRESS !!! • Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT) is the technological evolution of broadcast television and an advancement of analog television List of standard around the world: 1. ATSC standards in North America and South Korea 2. Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB-T) is used in Japan 3. DVB-T is the most prevalent, covering Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Colombia and some countries of Africa 4. DMB-T/H is Chinas own standard (including Hong Kong, though Hong Kongs cable operators use DVB) Television services in Malaysia
  • 12. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDigital Terrestrial Television Broadcast How about Malaysia ? On Dec 2011, MCMC has regsitered the industrys Technical Code developed under MTSFB as the Commission Determination on the Mandatory Standard for Free To Air Transmission of Digital Terrestrial Television Service -wiki “four companies out of the eight which submitted their bids for the digital terrestrial television broadcasting (DTTB) infrastructure build-up have been shortlisted. Celcom Axiata Bhd, Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd, REDtone International Bhd and Sapura Holdings Bhd” Thursday October 25, 2012 http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/10/25/business/12222897&sec=bus iness “After a final evaluation, only one out of the three shortlisted bidders will be selected and the results of the second round evaluation are expected to be announced in July 2013. The first roll-out of DTTB services to the public is then expected to be in early 2014 while full nationwide coverage is targeted to be by end 2015.” http://mrem.bernama.com/viewsm.php?idm=20251 Television services in Malaysia
  • 13. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDigital Terrestrial Television Broadcast How about Malaysia ? • May be using DVB-T2 standard • May also adopt DMB-T/H standard • Generally set-top boxes (STB) as a receiver needed Example of DVB-T2 Set-top box Television services in Malaysia
  • 14. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDigital Terrestrial Television Broadcast Why go DIGITAL rather than ANALOG?The main reason is  EFFICIENT USE OF RF FREQUENCY MORE TV CHANNEL!! Television services in Malaysia
  • 15. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) / Satellite TVTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 16. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDirect broadcast satellite• Sole satellite television operator MEASAT Broadcast Network Systems (a subsidiary of Astro All Asia Networks) launched the Astro service in launch of the MEASAT-1 satellite• Malaysian direct broadcast satellite (DBS) Pay TV service• HDTV has been made available• Astro has substantial coverage in commercial establishments such as bars, restaurants, hotels, dorms, and hospitalsI should say that ASTRO is the EMPEROR having ULTIMATE CONTROL of DBS market Television services in Malaysia
  • 17. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Direct broadcast satellite NJOI• NJOI is a free satellite television launched on 18 February 2012 in collaboration withthe government of Malaysia and ASTRO.• 19 TV and 20 radio channels with no monthly subscription.• Consist educational channels, such as Astro Tutor TV UPSR, PMR and SPM, as well asother entertainment and information channels like Astro Prima, Astro Oasis, Astro Awani,Astro AEC, Jia Yu, Makkal TV, CCTV4, Bernama TV, iView, TVi, TV1, TV2, Astro Xiao Tai Yangand 20 radio stations.• information and entertainment at a one-time payment of from RM308 and a standardinstallation fee of RM100. Television services in Malaysia
  • 18. sulaim_qais@yahoo.comDirect broadcast satellite International BroadcastMalaysians in the United States and Canada can view TV shows instantlyfrom Malaysia by SES 1 satellite, including televisionfrom Thailand and Laos, the channel broadcast are Malay Fun TV, MalaysiaSports (these stations are Malay-language TV in the USA), TVselangor, Global TV (live from Malaysia). Television services in Malaysia
  • 19. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Mobile TelevisionTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 20. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Mobile Television INTRODUCTIONMobile TV in Malaysia is at a ”preliminary” or infancy stage.Telcos, broadcasters and government bodies are gearing upon trials and choosing the appropriate standards for thefuture of mobile TV in Malaysia.Trials are actively being carried out. Main features • Smaller screen application • low energy consumption Television services in Malaysia
  • 21. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Mobile Television Standard implemented  MBMS (iMB) enables broadcast of content (such as live television) at the cellular transmitter level, using the 3G or 4G licensed radio spectrum, and received on mobile terminals.  DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld) STILL IN PROGRESS DVB-H technology work as regular television at your grandma house that you can watch television just by having receiver, and a power supply for the device. This technology tuned for mobile uses. DVB-H is not based on packet-switching technology. This means, “there’s no streaming and lag associated with it.  MediaFLO is a technology developed by Qualcomm for transmitting audio, video and data to portable devices such as mobile phones and personal televisions, used for mobile television. In the United States, the service powered by this technology was branded as FLO TV.Television services in Malaysia
  • 22. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Mobile Television Malaysia mobile DVB-H Trial RECENTLY SILENCEI’m predicting that telcos are waiting for the completion of DVB-T2 due to the fact that DVB-Hcan be delivered over a pre-existing DVB-T network (digital terrestrial broadcast). Moreover,DVB-H is designed to be combined with DVB-T networks. Television services in Malaysia
  • 23. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Mobile Television What about ??Television services in Malaysia
  • 24. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Cable TelevisionTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 25. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Cable Television SAD STORY : The end of cable TV• Mega TV launched by TV3 in 1994. Failed and closed in 2001• Mega TV was Malaysias first subscription-based cable television service. It was incorporated on 18 October 1994 and was operated by TV3.• Faced with stiff competition from the Astro satellite television network, combined with the failures to expand its content, Mega TV was forced to cease broadcasting in 2001.Television services in Malaysia
  • 26. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com IPTVTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 27. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com IPTV Introduction• IPTV is not TV that is broadcast over the Internet.• IPTV is distinguished from Internet television by its on-going standardization process and preferential deployment scenarios in subscriber-based telecommunications networks with high-speed access channels into end-user premises via set-top boxes or other customer-premises equipment.Television services in Malaysia
  • 28. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com IPTV Commercial ASTRO beyond IPTV (available with maxis and TIME) Hypp.TV (3HD, 31SD, 6 interactive, 10 VoD channel) comes with TM unify package DETV owned by REDtoneTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 29. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Transit TelevisionTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 30. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Transit television What ?? Transit-TV • High travel speed up to 200km/h • For bus, train, taxi, ferry & etc. • Larger screen display • Extensive coverage needed (to minimise ‘blind spots’ through ‘gap fillers’) • Proven commercial applications in many neighbouring countries such as Japan, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong & China.Television services in Malaysia
  • 31. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Transit television Who ??• Founded since April 2007.• Malaysia’s Biggest Transit-TV Network (Bus) certified by The Malaysia Book of Records.• 1,500 stage & express buses with over 3,000 LCD TV – Klang Valley (RapidKL) – Johor Bahru & Singapore (Causeway link) – Peninsular Malaysia (Plusliner & Nice)• Daily ridership up to 500,000 (based on tickets)• Provides infotainment programs & advertising.Television services in Malaysia
  • 32. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Internet TVTelevision services in Malaysia
  • 33. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Internet TV Intro • Internet Television is a general term that covers the delivery of television shows and other video content over the internet by video streaming technology, typically by major traditional television broadcasters • one can have access to many channels but the quality is too poor and sometimes the signal is not that stable.Television services in Malaysia
  • 34. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Transit television Different between IPTV and internetSome of the key technical characteristics of an IPTV platform include:• Broadcast channels, when provided over IP (rather than hybrid DTT), are streamed using multicast technologies.• Operators run extensive QOS practices, managing the delivery of video to the consumer with minimal interruptions.• Digital Rights Management (DRM) is standard, with operators providing high levels of video asset management and encryption.• Delivery of content is device specific. This used to mean STBs but its important to note that PCs are not excluded from true IPTV delivery as they can operate in the same way as a STB.• Provisioning, billing and customer service methods are the same as traditional TV platforms.Television services in Malaysia
  • 35. sulaim_qais@yahoo.com Transit television • Internet TV, however, relies on a much more open model by streaming content over the public internet and is available to the widest audience possible. Key characteristics can include: • Delivery of video can be encrypted, and DRM can be used, but is not always adopted. • Networks are not fully managed and there is no end-to-end bandwidth provisioning as operators cannot control the networks - as a result QOS is limited, but we are seeing development with some services. • Channels are streamed using unicast technologies with peer-to- peer technologies also being used in some cases. • Customer service is largely online and customer management is much less developed.Television services in Malaysia