Creation of a knowledge base under the proposed National Mission for Disaster Risk Reduction to facilitate planning & policy decisions for preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation at all levels.
Information systems framework for Disaster Management Reducing disaster losses & conserving developmental gains 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 elements Knowledge base for disaster management Facilitating 5 5 Hazard mapping & Vulnerability Assessment Database of disaster history for trend & pattern analysis Database of disaster management plan. Awareness & training materials Inventory of legal, techno legal, administrative and institutional framework Planning & Policy decision for disaster preparedness & mitigation Human & material response resources Database of Infrastructure, lifelines & critical facilities. Database of trained human resources. Demographic information GIS based information system Quick emergency response & recovery
A methodological tool to inventorize data about characteristics and effects of diverse type of disasters known as ‘DesIneventar’ is used by many countries in the Latin America and now being tested in India.
The inventory focuses not only on big disasters but causes and effects of small & medium scale disasters at the local level.
It allows analysis of the data for local level and gives a holistic view at State and National level.
The database of disaster location, its effects, and its causes will in turn support the generation of Vulnerability indices for the country.
‘ InDisData’ pilot initiative has been taken up in Orissa to collate the above for the past 32 years has been built.
DesInventar Desinventar methodology includes two software modules
A relational database through which parameters like events, causes, data sources, and effects are captured
A decision making tool which uses the DesInventar database to query and analyze the database through maps, tables and thematic maps.
Death due to epidemic is maximum followed by cyclone and drought.
Epidemics generally follow floods and more disastrous because of low economic level and accessibility of medical facilities.
Effect on Livelihood
. The number of victims are higher during floods in comparison to those under fire.
Fire makes people more vulnerable in terms of property and life but flood makes them more vulnerable in terms of livelihood, since agricultural lands get inundated. And Orissa being a predominantly agricultural economy gets shattered in times of floods.