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Chapter 3 - Southeast Asia
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Chapter 3 - Southeast Asia

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  • 1. Southeast Asia
  • 2. Civilisations in Southeast Asia Growth Features
  • 3. Mainland Southeast Asia Consists of present-day Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos Rivers that flow through these areas include the Irrawady River and the Mekong River
  • 4. Island Southeast Asia Made up of thousands of islands separated by seas Much of it is now made up by present-day Indonesia and Philippines An illustration of an Illanun pirate boat. Piracy was common in island Southeast Asia.
  • 5. Birth of Civilisations
      • Began around 6000 BCE in villages
    • near rivers and seas
      • People were hunters and fishermen
  • 6. By 200 BCE, Indian and Chinese traders came to Southeast Asia and the villages served as resting points. Some grew into port cities e.g. Oc-eo
  • 7. Oc-eo (1st–6th century CE)
    • First major port city
    • Capital of Funan
    • Grew because of trade
    • and its strategic location
    • Became less important
    • with the rise of Palembang
    The extent of Funan
  • 8. Palembang (7th–13th century CE)
    • Located in present-day Sumatra
    • Capital of Srivijaya
    • Grew because of trade and its strategic location
    • Declined in importance
    • after 13th century CE,
    • when traders went directly
    • to East Java to trade
    The extent of Srivijaya
  • 9. What were the features of Southeast Asian civilisations?
  • 10. Government
    • Ruled by kings
    • Assisted by officials
    A Malay sultan (king)
  • 11. Variety of Occupations
    • Traders
    • Farmers
    • Priests
    • Craftsmen
    • Officials
    A 15th century tin coin used by traders in Melaka
  • 12. Writing
    • Adopted Sanskrit
    • from traders
    Sanskrit poems from India. Southeast Asian rulers and officials adopted this script for records.
    • Developed own
    • scripts, e.g. Jawi
    The Jawi alphabet
  • 13. Cosmopolitan Various cultures and religions Angkor Wat in Angkor, Cambodia Buddhist temple in Pagan, Myanmar Kampong Kling mosque, Melaka
  • 14. Some Powerful Southeast Asian Kingdoms  Funan (1st–6th century CE)  Srivijaya (7th–13th century CE)  Majapahit (800–1432 CE)  Melaka (1403–1511 CE)