Chapter 3 - Southeast Asia

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Chapter 3 - Southeast Asia

  1. 1. Southeast Asia
  2. 2. Civilisations in Southeast Asia Growth Features
  3. 3. Mainland Southeast Asia Consists of present-day Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos Rivers that flow through these areas include the Irrawady River and the Mekong River
  4. 4. Island Southeast Asia Made up of thousands of islands separated by seas Much of it is now made up by present-day Indonesia and Philippines An illustration of an Illanun pirate boat. Piracy was common in island Southeast Asia.
  5. 5. Birth of Civilisations <ul><ul><li>Began around 6000 BCE in villages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>near rivers and seas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People were hunters and fishermen </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. By 200 BCE, Indian and Chinese traders came to Southeast Asia and the villages served as resting points. Some grew into port cities e.g. Oc-eo
  7. 7. Oc-eo (1st–6th century CE) <ul><li>First major port city </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of Funan </li></ul><ul><li>Grew because of trade </li></ul><ul><li>and its strategic location </li></ul><ul><li>Became less important </li></ul><ul><li>with the rise of Palembang </li></ul>The extent of Funan
  8. 8. Palembang (7th–13th century CE) <ul><li>Located in present-day Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of Srivijaya </li></ul><ul><li>Grew because of trade and its strategic location </li></ul><ul><li>Declined in importance </li></ul><ul><li>after 13th century CE, </li></ul><ul><li>when traders went directly </li></ul><ul><li>to East Java to trade </li></ul>The extent of Srivijaya
  9. 9. What were the features of Southeast Asian civilisations?
  10. 10. Government <ul><li>Ruled by kings </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted by officials </li></ul>A Malay sultan (king)
  11. 11. Variety of Occupations <ul><li>Traders </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen </li></ul><ul><li>Officials </li></ul>A 15th century tin coin used by traders in Melaka
  12. 12. Writing <ul><li>Adopted Sanskrit </li></ul><ul><li>from traders </li></ul>Sanskrit poems from India. Southeast Asian rulers and officials adopted this script for records. <ul><li>Developed own </li></ul><ul><li>scripts, e.g. Jawi </li></ul>The Jawi alphabet
  13. 13. Cosmopolitan Various cultures and religions Angkor Wat in Angkor, Cambodia Buddhist temple in Pagan, Myanmar Kampong Kling mosque, Melaka
  14. 14. Some Powerful Southeast Asian Kingdoms  Funan (1st–6th century CE)  Srivijaya (7th–13th century CE)  Majapahit (800–1432 CE)  Melaka (1403–1511 CE)

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