Chapter 3- China
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Transcript

  • 1. China Birth of civilisation
  • 2. China today
  • 3. Overview 1. Origins of the civilisation 2. Features of the Shang civilisation 3. End of the Shang dynasty
  • 4. Origins
    • Yangshao (3000 BCE)
    • People
    • hunted,
    • reared
    • animals
    • and farmed
    Longshan (2200 BCE) People reared animals and farmed Lived in walled communities Made pottery from potters’ wheels The Yangshao and Longshan villages
  • 5. Yangshao 5000-3000 BCE Central Yellow River Cultivated mainly millet Domesticated dogs and pigs
  • 6. Longshan 3000 – 2000 BCE Central/lower Yellow River Cultivated millet Reared animals More advanced than the Yangshao people
  • 7. Shang Civilisation Shang civilisation emerged in 1523 BCE (ended in 1028 BCE). First dynasty to have written evidence.
  • 8. Origin of the Shang civilisation Began when T'ang, a man of great virtue and wisdom, overthrew the decadent emperor Jie, the last of the Xia dynasty. versus
  • 9. Government Ruled by Kings Believed that the ancestors of the King were able to communicate with Di (among the dead) and the ancestors. Nepotism -> Fathers pass their thrones to their sons. Picture of the Yellow Emperor (Huangdi) of the Shang dynasty
  • 10. Variety of Occupations
    • Merchants
    • Craftsmen
    • Priests
    • Farmers
  • 11. Shang bronze
  • 12. Writing
    • Pictograms
    • Found on oracle bones
    • Over 3 000 characters
    • The basis of modern
    • Chinese script
  • 13. Writing
  • 14. End of the Shang Dynasty Last Shang king, Zhou, was killed in 1100 BCE
  • 15. The Zhou dynasty The Zhou dynasty Western Zhou (1027 – 771 BCE) Eastern Zhou (771-221 BCE)
  • 16. The Qin dynasty At the end f the Period of the Warring states, Qin managed to unify China. (221-206 BCE)