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Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement
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Tes amm - e-waste technology & improvement

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  • 1. Perspective on the New Draft E-waste Rules TES-AMM Recyclers India Pvt. Ltd
  • 2. Perspective <ul><li>Current Scenario of e-waste in India </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies used in e-waste recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution Control </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and Statutory Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions </li></ul>
  • 3. Current Scenario of E-waste in India <ul><li>Quantity </li></ul><ul><li>3.3 Lakhs Tonnes Generated </li></ul><ul><li>Additional 50,000 tonnes illegally imported </li></ul><ul><li>19000 tonnes Recycled, Retained, Reused </li></ul><ul><li>There are only a handful of authorized recyclers in the country and an astronomical amount of e-waste that needs to be handled. Most of the Recycling is still being carried out by the informal Sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Generators </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers of electronic components and Products. </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale users of electronic products like big IT companies etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Other small scale user industries and general public . </li></ul>
  • 4. HOW IS E-WASTE NORMALLY TREATED
  • 5. GENERAL PROCESS FLOW FOR A RECYCLING OPERATION Waste Electrical and Electronic Scrap – Consisting of IT Equipments like CPUs, CRT/LCD Monitors, Laptops, Telecom Equipments, Mobiles, Printed Circuit Boards, ICs etc Transporting, Warehousing, Segregation and Dismantling Plastics, Fe &amp; Non Fe Metals, Glass, Cartons, Paper Etc Li-Ion Batteries Printed Circuit Boards For Further Downstream Recycling ICs, Electronic Components etc All the above items each with a different material characteristic, metal composition, different hazard characteristic needs to be recycled. Recycling not only involves recovering the value added materials like Base metals, Precious metals, plastics etc. It also involves disposal of hazardous and non-recyclable materials like BFR, Fiber, Thermo-set Plastic etc. The Growing amount of these materials is forcing the government o encourage more formal recyclers and also formalize the informal sector. Objective: Recycle all the above items in a Environmentally friendly process and obtain Maximum Efficiency
  • 6. TECHNOLOGY PYROMETALLURGY &amp; HYDROMETALLURGY
  • 7. PCB’s , IC’s etc Crushing Smelting Base metal recovery Precious , Rare metal Recovery &amp; Refining Using Hydrometallurgy Pyrometallurgy <ul><li>This involves Smelting of the materials like PCBs, ICs, Directly </li></ul><ul><li>after dismantling and mechanical crushing. Recovery of Base </li></ul><ul><li>metals and Precious metals by using Hydrometallurgical Refining </li></ul><ul><li>techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>This Technology is being Used Across the world by several </li></ul><ul><li>refineries for the efficient recovery of base metals and precious </li></ul><ul><li>metals. </li></ul><ul><li>The Processing Capacity is very Large. </li></ul>
  • 8. Pollution and Control Measures in Pyrometallurgy <ul><li>Presence of BFRs, Plastics, PVC, PCB, Polymers etc during smelting will cause emission of Dioxins, Furans, CO, CO2, NOx etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective process control might cause the liberation of Dioxins. These pollutants are the most harmful substances which results in the Ozone Layer Depletion, Global warming and also have severe health hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>The emission control system must capable of treating the above pollutants. The Exhaust emission needs an efficient monitoring and recording system. </li></ul><ul><li>Slag is Generated during the smelting Process which needs to be Land filled. </li></ul>
  • 9. PCB’s , IC’s etc Manual Dismantling Crushing &amp; Mechanical Process Smelting or direct Chemical process Optimise reuse and recycling of non metallic materials Separate non-metallics from metallics. Non metallics can be recycled into products Limited amount of non metallics being put into the process thus reducing the danger of harmful fumes being released to the atmosphere Hydrometallurgy <ul><li>This involves a series of processes where there is separation of metals, </li></ul><ul><li>non metals etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Various metals will be recovered by using chemical refining techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>The Processes are usually done in Batches and the processing capacity is lesser as compared to pyrometallurgy, but there is better traceability. </li></ul>
  • 10. Pollution and Control Measures in Hydrometallurgy <ul><li>The air pollutants generated are usually NOx, SOx, Chlorides etc. during the chemical process. The treatment of these fumes are done using Scrubbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater is generated which is spent chemical solution. This is treated in the wastewater treatment plant where it is neutralized, the Dissolved Solids are Removed and ensure the discharged water meets the legal requirements. The sludge generated after the treatment needs to be dried and is usually Land filled. </li></ul><ul><li>There is better control on handling the pollutants and the Environmental cost in Hydrometallurgy is lower than that of Pyrometallurgy. </li></ul>
  • 11. Administrative Issues <ul><li>Permit is given after rigorous scrutiny and delays </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental scrutiny whether at the state or the central level is only on the formal recyclers who are in legal compliance </li></ul><ul><li>No degree of liability or compliance enforced on generators or users of electronic equipment to force traceability of how the e-waste is being handled. </li></ul><ul><li>The same MNC’s who pay to dispose off E-waste in western countries sell the waste in Asian countries. Logistics Costs in a country like India far exceeds the recovery value. </li></ul><ul><li>A number of companies irrespective of size prefer to deal with the informal sector because of price </li></ul><ul><li>The waste Generators are ready to bargain on the recovery charges, but at the same time do not take responsibility for the disposal charges. </li></ul>
  • 12. Suggestions for improvement <ul><li>Authorized recyclers should be actively supported by the Government </li></ul><ul><li>Speedy clearance of paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Make all sectors liable for proper disposal of their waste. They should be required by law to provide full traceability on their disposal methodology </li></ul><ul><li>More stringent efforts should be taken to stop the illegal import of e waste. </li></ul><ul><li>All sectors should exercise judgment during disposal and not give undue importance to price. There are other factors to consider like Environmental friendly process, standing with the Government Agencies, Security issues, IP protection, Technology etc. </li></ul>
  • 13. Informal Recycling
  • 14. THANK YOU

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