Clean Development Biogas Processing


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A promising renewable energy (biogas) for Malaysia

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Clean Development Biogas Processing

  1. 1. Clean water and energy.
  2. 2. Development and Commercilisation of‘Clean Development Biogas Processing’ CDBP™ using Enzymatic ThermophilicContinuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) for POME in the Production of Biogas Oil palm fronds (OPF): A promising renewable energy (biogas) for Malaysia 2
  3. 3. Focus Points Why Biogas? and why Oil palm fronds (OPF) is 1 an ideal biomass for Malaysia? Global Clean Development – Our strengths, 2 Our Vision and Mission CDBP™ -- Cost efficiency through enzymatic 3 and process simplification 4 Our Technology, Processes & Business Model 5 Summary & Next Step3
  4. 4. Why Biogas? Renewable energy source. Domestically / locally produced Security of supply Boost domestic economy Reduces NET greenhouse gas emission4
  5. 5. Gas Already a Major Energy Source The possibility to replace natural gas is a major driver for biogas production in the long term. Gas provides a large part of energy consumed globally, e.g. around quarter of the entire energy consumption in Europe and in the USA (Sources: Eurogas and Energy Information Administration Source: Eurogas Annual Report 2006 &5 Energy Information Administration (EIA)
  6. 6. Why Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) to Biogas? OPF to Biogas have tremendous Estimated Malaysia palm estate: green energy potential It is estimated Malaysia has 66.5mil tonnes of Oil palm fronds (OPF) [MPOB-2007] A OPF to Biogas program could contribute RM8 billion per year to the Growth of Malaysian Economy [Novozymes]6
  7. 7. Why Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) to Biogas? (Cont’d) Potential 98% Market Opportunity There are approximately 350 Oil Mills in Malaysia and 450 Mills in Indonesia (x60 tons per hour / equivalent)7
  8. 8. Why Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) to Biogas? (Cont’d) OPF to Biogas Gives Higher IRR By utilizing the Oil palm Fronds (OPF) as Feed Materials into the Biogas Plant digesters -- capacity utilization of the Biogas Plants will increase from 70% to 100%, increasing the IRR from 15% up to 25-30% including the Carbon Credits being generated in the process Biogas Plant 100% Capacity Oil Palm Frond (OPF) Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Month(s)8
  9. 9. Why Oil Palm Fronds to Biogas? (Cont’d) “We are willing to offer our commitment, I am not just going to call on the developed world, I am going to commit Malaysia to very credible cuts which means we have to spend, which we will do,” - PM Malaysia at Copenhagen Climate Change Summit The Prime Minster of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Najib Razak, delivered Malaysias proposal to reduce its CO2 emissions to 40 per cent by the year 2020 compared with its 2005 levels. Copenhagen, Denmark. 17/12/2009. Eliminate CO2 emission: the emission of 14 million tons CO2 annually in Malaysia, and 18 million tons CO2 annually in Indonesia Total Carbon Emission for Asia and Oceania since Kyoto9
  10. 10. Why Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) to Biogas? (Cont’d) Generate huge income potential Countries Co2 Emission Normal cubic INCOME (Mil. Tons) meter ‘Nm3’ @ 0.25 cents of Biogas per kWh Malaysia 14 m 2.7 G Nm3 MYR 1,182m Indonesia 18 m 3.4 G Nm3 MYR 1,520m High job creation “Enhanced utilisation of Renewable Energy (RE) resources can led to the creation of new job opportunities. Experts estimate at least 52,000 jobs can be created from the construction, operation and maintenance of renewable energy plants by 2020.” - Datuk Seri Peter Chin Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water SEPANG, July 8 2010 (BERNAMA)10
  11. 11. Why Oil Palm Fronds to Biogas? (Cont’d) Palm oil wastewater treatment The Oil palm Effluent Ponds are located next to the oil mills, through treating the effluent water – the POME – in the Biogas Plants will reduce the COD – BOD content from 50-60,000 parts per million (PPM) to only 5-7000 (PPM), which thereafter can be easily treated by a relatively small water Treatment Plant at the end of the overall process, after which clean water can be reused and/or emitted into the rivers – seas. [thus standards set by the Malaysian and Indonesian Governments can be easily complied]11
  12. 12. GCD – Our Strengths A proprietary method for pre-processing biomass into producing biogas for boosting biogas process efficiency Significant relationships with enzyme supplier, who are working with us to determine most efficient enzymes for breaking down the oil palm fronds fibers through the steam explosion and hydrolysis process, and from there convert to biogas Working closely with our engineering consultant – GWE to develop full plant specifications with the most cost efficient Biogas plants (GWE is a world market leader in anaerobic waste water treatment)12
  13. 13. GCD – Our Strengths Research and Development The company transferring the “Plantation Micro Management Programme” - PMMP, developed by John Madsen, into an IT program whereby providing a fast monitoring to fast actions and rectifications, at the same time of being able rather accurately to forecast the FFB production 12 months out in the future.13
  14. 14. Plantation Micro – Management Programme (PMMP) Developed by John Madsen Our own Plantations Management System for: The PMMP approach divide all plantations into Providing Accurate, Up-To-Date, Focused Blocks of 40 HA, which is the Best Practice to Information. maximize profits through increasing Enabling Performance Monitoring & Productivity and improving Cost-Efficiency! Operational Control. Supporting Timely and Objective Decision Making. Knowledge Base For Wealth Creation. High Sustainable Yield consistently across all estates & fields. High Productivity of your Workforce. Assured Quality Output. Operating Cost fully under control. Improved Cost-Efficiencies at all levels of operation. SUPERIOR PROFITABILITY – Consistently!14
  15. 15. At GCD, everything we do is inspired by our enduring mission and visionTo participate actively in:I. Containing as well as Reducing Global Warming through: A. Converting Biomass – (Oil palm Fronds) – into Energy – Biogas B. Reducing the emission of CO2 in a meaningful mannerII. Cleaning the Oil palm Effluent Water to below the standards set by the respective Governments – The POME – before emitting into the Fields, Rivers and Seas.Develop and commercially convert Oil Palm Fronds into a viable Biomass for conversion into Biogas.
  16. 16. Why Clean Development BioProcessing CDBP™? Cost efficiency through enzymatic and process simplification16
  17. 17. The Evolution Enzymatic Constant Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) - Thermophilic Constant Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) -Mesophilic Covered Lagoon with Biogas Capturing Conventional Opened Lagoon System17
  18. 18. GCD’s Technology & Processes 2ND STAGE CRUSHER 1ST STAGE CRUSHERCDBP™ is adapted foreach customer takinginto considerationprocess configuration,feedstock mix, pre-treatment, microbiologyand instrumentation,control and automationin order to improveprocess performance.
  19. 19. GCD’s Monitoring Systems 2ND STAGE CRUSHER 1ST STAGE CRUSHER19
  20. 20. Size reduction 2ND STAGE FINAL FROND SIZE CRUSHER Max: 13x13x6mm 1ST STAGE Min: 3x3x3mm CRUSHER Moisture: 40% - 65% Free of stone, metal, dust or dirt Robust designed Locally developed Suitable for frond crushing application20
  21. 21. Steam Explosion & Hydrolyser Using high pressure and high temperature to “cook” the feedstock The steam exit to a flask tank The explosive pressure drop rapidly cools the material to stop the reaction Physically exposes the celluloses and hemicelluloses to hydrolysis (typically enzymatic)21
  22. 22. GWE ANAMIX-T Thermophilic CSTR Reactor Temperature range – 55°c to 60°c Retention time < 10 days Lower H2S Lower sludge production Higher biogas production ( > 85%) Lower foot print for same capacity Biogas Plant 60% CH4 100% 40% Co2 Capacity Oil Palm Frond (OPF) Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME)  > 85% Month(s)22
  23. 23. Project Summary for Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) System Electric Running Electricity Remarks Power Hours/year MWh/a Clean Development 26 MWe 8,000 230,000 Multi-level, hydraulically partly Biogas Processing mixed anaerobic fermentation CDBP™ System system with simultaneous sedimentation and scum removal23
  24. 24. World’s 1st Thermophilic CSTR for POME – Biogas Plant Modular design Less chemical consumption Full automation, easy to operate 1st commercial scale of Thermophilic CSTR for POME application Remote monitoring Expected fully commissioned by October 201024
  25. 25. Our Business Model CGD offers to bring a unique combination of hardware and software to your site and set up efficient, state of the art biogas production. We offer two business models – both aimed at improving the profitability and environmental profile of your business. Either we will invest, operate and own the biogas production, possibly together with the site owner (e.g. a wastewater treatment plant owner). This is what we mainly do, because it allows us to optimize and develop the production over time. Our activities include: Process optimization Functional delivery Installation and mechanical upgrade Gas cleaning Alternatively, we can offer a license package. This means that our client will own the production but we will offer our technology and expertise: Basic and detailed project planning Equipment delivery Functional delivery Start-up assistance Site supervision Long service & maintenance contracts25
  26. 26. Malaysia as the Centre for Oil palm Biomass to Biogas 12° North THE OIL PALM BELT 12° South26
  27. 27. Global Clean Development S/B (Summary) Proven process and technology with huge economic considerations Combination of proprietary and external processes to hydrolyse oil palm fronds Working with our engineering consultants to fully develop CDBP™ specifications and plans Suitable plant site identified Clear potential for many clients in Malaysia and Indonesia27
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