BAEB601 Chapter 4: Findings, Analysis, and SPSS


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BAEB601 Chapter 4: Findings, Analysis, and SPSS

  1. 1. BAEB601: REESEARCH METHODOLOGYCHAPTER 4: Findings, Analysis and SPSS © 2010 Cosmopoint
  2. 2. Chapter AimsThis chapter aims to:3.Understand SPSS4.Know how to use the SPSS5.Applying SPSS in research6.Able to write finding and discussion © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 2 of 18 Topics
  3. 3. What is finding? • This section reports the findings of the statistical analysis. Sample characteristics are reported first. Next, descriptive is presented, followed by associations and inferential statistics. Sample Characteristics • A total of 188 (n=188) respondents participated in the study. Over sixty- eight percent (68.62%; n=129) attended college in Maine and 31.38% (n=59) attended college in Arizona. Respondents were asked to write in their ethnicity. Responses, presented in Table 1, reveal that the majority of the respondents report that they are Caucasian (n=140) with the next most frequent ethnicity reported as Hispanic (n=10). Twelve respondents did not identify their ethnicity. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 3 of 18
  4. 4. • Ethnicity of Respondents Reported by Frequency and percent Ethnicity % / n 1. White-Caucasian74.47% (n=140) 2. Hispanic 5.32% (n=10) 3. Franco-American 2.66% (n=5) 4. American Indian 2.13% (n=4) 5. Mexican American 2.13% (n=4) 6. African American 1.06% (n=2) 7. American Indian and White 1.06% (n=2) 8. Asian-African American 1.06% (n=2) 9. Jewish 1.06% (n=2)10. Asian American .53% (n=1)11. French Indian .53% (n=1)12. Indian . 53% (n=1)13. Japanese American .53% (n=1)14. Pacific Islander .53% (n=1)• Descriptive Univariate Statistics – Turn back to your 30 set of questionnaires. – Summary of each answer should discuss in brief one by one. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 4 of 18
  5. 5. What Is SPSS? • Definition • SPSS is know as Statistical Package for Social Science • Statistic – a brief research sometime not accurate. For example: to get the min, mod, median in statistic for analysis that belongs to a sample group. • Package – the combination of various functions in one program. For example: the calculation package for min, mod, median, etc at one time. • Social Science – the study about people. For example: the wide field in medicine, economic field, education field, etc. • There are other than SPSS program such as SPSSx and SAS which are the same function. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 5 of 18
  6. 6. The Use of SPSS • The SPSS is used to process data collected and the output produced will be used to analyze the research/study for more accurate figure, fast, and easy with various statistic functions offer by this SPSS. • Using SPSS can save cost, and time because the output gotten from data analyzed will be more accurate for the whole study © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 6 of 18
  7. 7. When to use SPSS? • It is use after you got all complete data. • How to get data? There are various of methods such as distribute questionnaires, interviews, observations, etc. • However, in SPSS, usually the data to be used in this program is collected from the questionnaire distribution. • Why? Because the data gotten is more specific compare to other method and systematic. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 7 of 18
  8. 8. What do we learn in SPSS? • In this course we will learn only 2 things in SPSS. – Data View – Variable View • Please download the SPSS software. Now we’re using version 17. If you got below version it still acceptable. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 8 of 18
  9. 9. SPSS – Data View • Once you double click the icon, it will open the workspace that call Data View. • In Data View screen, you will see the following: – Title Bar – Menu Bar – Cell and active variables – Row that indicates respondent feedback – Column that indicates variables. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 9 of 18
  10. 10. SPSS – Variable Vew • Row is indicates numbers of variables • Column indicates the characteristic of variables such as name, gender, type, etc. • For both selection in Bar Menu for Data View and Variable View are same. © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 10 of 18
  11. 11. Menu File • File - It is use to open and save SPSS data fail. • Edit –this selection will assist you for editing, finding data value, changing option setting and etc. • View – it is use to show and hide the status bar, toolbar, grid lines, etc. • Data – to modify data, cases, insert variables, etc. • Transform – can exchange the variables. E.g from the old variables to new variables • Analyze – Can assist to generate statistic procedure that you want • Graph – Can generate graphs based on data you key in © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 11 of 18
  12. 12. Creating Variables in SPSS • SPSS – refer to the variables and cases • Variables is situated in column • Cases is situated in row • For each of column shows one variables, and each of row shows one respondent (one case). © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 12 of 18
  13. 13. Creating Variables in SPSS • The maximum label you can put is 8 only. • Start with an alphabet, follow with numbers or symbols EXCEPT ! ? “” * • Can not ended with fullstop (.) • Must be UNIQUE and NOT REDUNDANT • Not influent with capital letters or small • Avoid using: ALL NE EQ TO LE LT BY OR GT AND NOT GE WITH © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 13 of 18
  14. 14. Creating Variables in SPSS • Row Name • 1) Activate Variable View screen • 2) Click on row Name to give a suitable name for your variables (make sure follow the guideline). © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 14 of 18
  15. 15. How to use SPSS in your resarch? • Do the questionnaires based on the hypothesis designed. • For example: Variable: Technology Resource Hypothesis: H1: There is a relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. H0: There is no relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. Questionnaires: 1)How do you grade the technology resource at school? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies 2) How sequences the student use the computer? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 15 of 18
  16. 16. • Design questionnaires according to your hypotheses• Install SPSS software• Get familiar with the screen (Refer to handout)• Data collected, then can start key in your feedback• Analyze data © 2010 Cosmopoint Slide 16 of 18