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BAEB601 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY CHAPTER 8 SPSSPREPARED BY:Nur Suhaili RamliSchool of Marketing andEntrepreneurship (SoME)FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
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CHAPTER 8: SPSS Chapter Aims TOPIC This chapter aims to: 1.Understand SPSS 2.Know how to use the SPSS 3.Applying SPSS in research Slide 2 of 17 Topics
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhat Is SPSS? TOPIC Definition SPSS is know as Statistical Package for Social Science Statistic – a brief research sometime not accurate. For example: to get the min, mod, median in statistic for analysis that belongs to a sample group. Package – the combination of various functions in one program. For example: the calculation package for min, mod, median, etc at one time. Social Science – the study about people. For example: the wide field in medicine, economic field, education field, etc. There are other than SPSS program such as SPSSx and SAS which are the same function. Slide 3 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSThe Use of SPSS TOPIC The SPSS is used to process data collected and the output produced will be used to analyze the research/study for more accurate figure, fast, and easy with various statistic functions offer by this SPSS. Using SPSS can save cost, and time because the output gotten from data analyzed will be more accurate for the whole study Slide 4 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhen to use SPSS? TOPIC It is use after you got all complete data. How to get data? There are various of methods such as distribute questionnaires, interviews, observations, etc. However, in SPSS, usually the data to be used in this program is collected from the questionnaire distribution. Why? Because the data gotten is more specific compare to other method and systematic. Slide 5 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhat do we learn in SPSS? TOPIC In this course we will learn only 2 things in SPSS. Data View Variable View Please download the SPSS software. Now we’re using version 17. If you got below version it still acceptable. Slide 6 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSSPSS – Data View TOPIC Once you double click the icon, it will open the workspace that call Data View. In Data View screen, you will see the following: Title Bar Menu Bar Cell and active variables Row that indicates respondent feedback Column that indicates variables. Slide 7 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSSPSS – Variable Vew TOPIC Row is indicates numbers of variables Column indicates the characteristic of variables such as name, gender, type, etc. For both selection in Bar Menu for Data View and Variable View are same. Slide 8 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSMenu File TOPIC File - It is use to open and save SPSS data fail. Edit –this selection will assist you for editing, finding data value, changing option setting and etc. View – it is use to show and hide the status bar, toolbar, grid lines, etc. Data – to modify data, cases, insert variables, etc. Transform – can exchange the variables. E.g from the old variables to new variables Analyze – Can assist to generate statistic procedure that you want Graph – Can generate graphs based on data you key in Slide 9 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC SPSS – refer to the variables and cases Variables is situated in column Cases is situated in row For each of column shows one variables, and each of row shows one respondent (one case). Slide 10 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC The maximum label you can put is 8 only. Start with an alphabet, follow with numbers or symbols EXCEPT ! ? “” * Can not ended with fullstop (.) Must be UNIQUE and NOT REDUNDANT Not influent with capital letters or small Avoid using: ALL NE EQ TO LE LT BY OR GT AND NOT GE WITH Slide 11 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC Row Name 1) Activate Variable View screen 2) Click on row Name to give a suitable name for your variables (make sure follow the guideline). Slide 12 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSHow to use SPSS in your resarch? TOPIC Do the questionnaires based on the hypothesis designed. For example: Variable: Technology Resource Hypothesis: H1: There is a relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. H0: There is no relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. Questionnaires: 1)How do you grade the technology resource at school? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies 2) How sequences the student use the computer? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies Slide 13 of 17
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CHAPTER 8: SPSSClass Activity TOPIC Design questionnaires according to your hypotheses Install SPSS software Get familiar with the screen (Refer to handout) Data collected, then can start key in your feedback Slide 14 of 17
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