Training presentation surveillance


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Police approach to gathering data on political protest

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Training presentation surveillance

  1. 1. Monitoring police data gathering Fitwatch
  2. 2. Why do police gather data <ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO11 (Public Order Unit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACPO extremism units (NPOIU, NETCU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Branch units / Regional intelligence units. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANPR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop and search </li></ul></ul>Fitwatch
  3. 3. Why do police gather data Fitwatch
  4. 4. Who do police gather data on? <ul><li>‘ Known’ groups and individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Associates of ‘known’ individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Groups and individuals ‘of a type’ suspected of being involved in criminality </li></ul><ul><li>Regular attendees at political protest </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Two strands’ of intelligence </li></ul>Fitwatch
  5. 5. How is data gathered? Fitwatch
  6. 6. CCTV <ul><li>7341 CCTV in the UK directly linked to police control centres </li></ul><ul><li>Can set up mobile CCTV on cherry pickers or mobile vans, broadcasting images to control centre in real time. </li></ul><ul><li>May even use drones </li></ul>Fitwatch
  7. 7. Cherry Picker Climate Camp Fitwatch
  8. 8. Police Drone Fitwatch
  9. 9. Photography Fitwatch
  10. 10. Photography <ul><li>Can be intrusive and intimidating </li></ul><ul><li>Can involve following targets for sustained periods </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs before, during and after demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>Police have used coercion and/or force </li></ul><ul><li>People have a right not to co-operate </li></ul>Fitwatch
  11. 11. Forward Intelligence Teams <ul><li>Gather intelligence on individuals and groups involved in political protest. </li></ul><ul><li>Record movements, associations, ‘cluster groups’, speech, clothing, appearance etc </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Spot’ for individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Produce detailed audio and/or written notes, later collated into a Crimint report. </li></ul>Fitwatch
  12. 12. Forward Intelligence Teams <ul><li>Used to be instantly recognisable from wearing blue ‘bibs’ on yellow jackets </li></ul><ul><li>Look for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing in twos ‘keeping an eye’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of audio recording/making detailed notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lone or paired officers from different regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with CO11 officers (CO prefix) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following individuals or small groups </li></ul></ul>Fitwatch
  13. 13. Stop and Search <ul><li>Used to gather personal data (name, address and photograph) of protesters </li></ul><ul><li>Used as a ‘condition of entry’ eg Kingsnorth, or after containment in a police pen as a ‘condition of exit’ eg Gaza. </li></ul><ul><li>Collected data held on a stop and search database </li></ul>Fitwatch
  14. 14. ANPR <ul><li>Automatic Number Plate Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of flagging up protester vehicles approaching site </li></ul><ul><li>Police have collected a database of protester vehicle registration numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Known to have been used as ‘disruption’ tactic </li></ul>Fitwatch
  15. 15. What should police monitors record? <ul><li>CCTV – use, type </li></ul><ul><li>FIT / CO11 - actions, numbers / photos </li></ul><ul><li>Police cameras - actions, numbers / photos </li></ul><ul><li>ANPR - collection of reg numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Stop and Search – data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Any other ‘disruption’ or intelligence gathering tactic. </li></ul>Fitwatch