Basic sewing diagrams

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Basic Sewing techniques

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Basic sewing diagrams

  1. 1. BASICSEWINGSTEPS FOR BASIC HAND SEWING
  2. 2. EQUIPMENT NEEDEDBasic Equipment Needed Sewing Needle Straight Pins Fabric Shears or ScissorsNeedle Threader - optional
  3. 3. FABRICS & NOTIONSFor basic puppets and toysFelt – a nonwoven fabric that does not work well forclothing, but is great for toys.Thread (String) – We use an embroidery thread that is madeup of 6 single strands of thread. You may be use to this fromfriendship bracelets.
  4. 4. PATTERNSSewing patterns are traditionally paper.These patterns are PINNED to the fabric that is to be used tomake project.Steps to using patterns: 1. Choose pattern 2. Cut Pattern out of paper 3. Pin pattern onto chosen fabric 4. Cut around solid cutting line
  5. 5. BASIC STEPS TOSEWING1. Decide on pattern2. Cut pattern pieces out of paper using paper scissors3. Choose fabric colors and get fabric4. Pin pattern pieces to main fabric5. Cut fabric by using pinned pattern6. Sew detail pieces of design onto main fabric pieces – after pinning them to fabric. Pinning keeps them from moving7. Sew main pieces of project together8. Tie knot at end of seams9. Stuff if required, and close up 3 inch opening10. Trim all excess thread from project
  6. 6. TIPS FOR GOODSEWING1. Use thread that is no longer than the length of your arm (not your wing span).2. Tie a knot at the end of the thread – don’t knot the thread at the base of the Needle Eye.3. Stitches should be a small as possible – preferably ¼ to ½ inch. The smaller the stitch the better – it will keep all fluff from coming out.4. Knots must be tied at the end of every seam; this keeps the seam from coming out.5. Fabric shears need to be kept sharp – do not use them for cutting anything except fabric.
  7. 7. TYING KNOTSOverhand Knot – at end of threadKnots need to be tied at end of thread before you beginstitching, then at the end of the seam to keep the thread fromcoming out of the fabric.
  8. 8. BASIC STITCHESRunning Stitch Overcast StitchBlanket Stitch Backstitch

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