Spiritual IntelligenceEmma Bucher, Sue-Mei Slogar, & Amy Voltmer
[Q] What is Spiritual Intelligence?  [A] The pursuit of spirituality, expressed          as the desire and ability        ...
Spirituality Defined                  “Spirituality is...how people                         make meaning                  ...
“Spirituality is a            feeling of      closeness and connection to the sacred. Spirituality stimulates a sense    o...
Humanistic spirituality                      Religious spirituality                                                   Clos...
Facets of Spirituality           FEELINGS                                            BELIEFS   We are focusing on assessin...
RELIGIOUS SPIRITUALITY
Religious Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I feel a connected to God or a higher power.2. I am excited about my relationship w...
HUMANISTICSPIRITUALITY
Humanistic Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I am concerned about others’ well-being.2. I feel connected to people.3. I often f...
COSMOS SPIRITUALITY
Cosmos Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I am awed by the vastness of the universe.2. I am overwhelmed by the vastness of the u...
NATURE SPIRITUALITY
Nature Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I enjoy nature.2. I feel a deep sense of wonder when I experience nature.3. I feel con...
THE HARDY [ESSAY] QUESTION                Have you ever been aware of,                or influenced by, a presence or     ...
ISSUES IN ASSESSMENT
Social desirability bias
Reliability and Validity
FACTOR ANALYSIS                 DISCRIMINABILITY                                    ANALYSIS                  TEST-RETEST ...
How do weexpressspiritualintelligence?Can weseparate itfrom ourvalues, culture,or personality?
REFERENCES
Beit-Hallahmi, B., & Argyle, M. (1997). The psychology of religious behaviour, belief andexperience. New York, NY: Routleg...
Spiritual Intelligence
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  • Amy
  • Amy: Worthington came up with these four aspects of spirituality. We turned each of these aspects into its own separate index. Describe the basic format – 20 questions for each index. Eliminated questions that don’t load on factors. Mention Likert scale.Not at all true, Slightly true, Moderately true,Substantially true, Very true
  • We’re assuming that spiritual intelligence involves having spiritual experiences. However, perhaps some people haven’t reached a certain developmental stage or just didn’t have the chance to experience a formative spiritual event. Talk about positive changes associated with endorsing this item.
  • Transcript of "Spiritual Intelligence"

    1. 1. Spiritual IntelligenceEmma Bucher, Sue-Mei Slogar, & Amy Voltmer
    2. 2. [Q] What is Spiritual Intelligence? [A] The pursuit of spirituality, expressed as the desire and ability to seek an existence outside of oneself.
    3. 3. Spirituality Defined “Spirituality is...how people make meaning through experiences with wholeness, a perceived higher power, or higher purpose” (Tisdell, 2003, p. 47).
    4. 4. “Spirituality is a feeling of closeness and connection to the sacred. Spirituality stimulates a sense of intimacy andengenders feelings that include awe and wonder.” Worthington & Aten, 2009, p. 124
    5. 5. Humanistic spirituality Religious spirituality Closeness andConnection to humankind. connection to the sacred asFeeling close to others, often defined by a particularbrought about religion. A sense of closenessby love, altruism, or to a particular god or higherreflection. power.Nature spirituality Cosmos spiritualityConnection to the environmentor to nature. Awe and wonder Connection with creation.evoked by witnessing a Cosmos spirituality oftenbeautiful natural habitat, seeing makes a person feela gorgeous sunset, orexperiencing the majesty of a insignificant as an individual,natural wonder. but united with the remainder of the cosmos.
    6. 6. Facets of Spirituality FEELINGS BELIEFS We are focusing on assessing how spirituality impacts BELIEFS, FEELINGS, and BEHAVIORS.
    7. 7. RELIGIOUS SPIRITUALITY
    8. 8. Religious Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I feel a connected to God or a higher power.2. I am excited about my relationship with God or a higher power.3. I feel guilty when I do not spend time connecting with God or a higher power.4. I feel guided by God or a higher power.5. I feel significant because of my relationship with God or a higher power.6. I feel a sense of awe when I think of God or a higher power.Beliefs1. I have a specific set of beliefs about spirituality.2. My prayers are heard by a God or higher power.3. I am close to God or a higher power.4. I feel guilty if I do something that goes against my beliefs.5. I am forgiven when I pray for forgiveness.6. There is an afterlife.7. Certain actions increase my closeness with God or a higher power.8. I have a close relationship with God or a higher power that doesn’t changewhen I make mistakes.Behaviors1. I spend time thinking about God or a higher power.2. I read material or listen to messages about God or a higher power.3. I pray to God or a higher power.4. I spend time talking about my beliefs with other people who have similar beliefs.5. I feel led by God or a higher power to help others.6. A set of guidelines based on my beliefs about God or a higher power influence my actions. Koenig, 2009
    9. 9. HUMANISTICSPIRITUALITY
    10. 10. Humanistic Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I am concerned about others’ well-being.2. I feel connected to people.3. I often feel love for people.4. I feel satisfaction or joy when helping others.5. I become somewhat irritated when others do not have my same zeal in supporting needy persons.6. I feel obligated to help others.7. I feel guilty if I don’t give my time or effort to make others happy.Beliefs1. I have many things in common with other people.2. I naturally relate well with people.3. Most days I would rather be in the company of others rather than spending time alone.4. I have always been sociable.5. People find me interesting.6. I have important information to share with others on most days.7. I believe everybody should help the less fortunate.Behaviors1. I volunteer in my community.2. Helping others live a fulfilled life is important.3. I think about the meaning of my relationships.4. I feel guilty when I talk about others in a way they would not appreciate.5. There are many people in my life that I could never spend time with.6. I find it easy to identify people who are less spiritual than I am.
    11. 11. COSMOS SPIRITUALITY
    12. 12. Cosmos Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I am awed by the vastness of the universe.2. I am overwhelmed by the vastness of the universe.3. The universe is frightening.4. I feel I have a great purpose and my actions could impact eternity.5. I feel insignificant when I think about the universe.6. 6. I feel that I am part of a larger whole.7. When I consider the insignificance of my life, I feel a sense of inadequacy, as if my life has no meaning.Beliefs1. God is in all things.2. God is all things.3. The universe and all of creation is beautiful.4. My life is very long.5. I am an important part of the universe.6. The world is better with me in it.7. My life has meaning.8. The world is beautiful.Behaviors1. I have considered the insignificance of my life.2. My activities remind me of the vastness and complexity of the universe.3. I enjoy pondering the purpose of my existence.4. I seek situations where I feel part of a larger whole.5. I contemplate the nature of the universe.
    13. 13. NATURE SPIRITUALITY
    14. 14. Nature Spirituality IndexFeelings1. I enjoy nature.2. I feel a deep sense of wonder when I experience nature.3. I feel connected to all living things and the earth.4. I care about nature.5. I am concerned about the suffering of animals.Beliefs1. I am responsible for caring for the environment.2. Preventing global warming is important.3. Maintaining the integrity of the ecosystems is important.4. My relationship to nature is an important part of my identity.5. I am not separate from nature, but a part of nature.6. My connection to nature and the environment is a part of my spirituality.7. All living things deserve respect.Behaviors1. I make decisions based on how they could impact the environment.2. I enjoy digging in the earth and getting dirt on my hands.3. I love animals and/or own a pet.4. I am a vegetarian.5. I buy organic/fair trade products.6. I go on hikes and long walks.7. I spend time outdoors.8. I share the beauty of nature with others. Nisbet, Zelenski, & Murphy, 2009
    15. 15. THE HARDY [ESSAY] QUESTION Have you ever been aware of, or influenced by, a presence or a power - whether you call it God or not - which is different from your everyday self?Were you transformed by this experience, and if so, how?
    16. 16. ISSUES IN ASSESSMENT
    17. 17. Social desirability bias
    18. 18. Reliability and Validity
    19. 19. FACTOR ANALYSIS DISCRIMINABILITY ANALYSIS TEST-RETEST CONCURRENT RELIABILITY VALIDITY NORMING CRITERION VALIDITY
    20. 20. How do weexpressspiritualintelligence?Can weseparate itfrom ourvalues, culture,or personality?
    21. 21. REFERENCES
    22. 22. Beit-Hallahmi, B., & Argyle, M. (1997). The psychology of religious behaviour, belief andexperience. New York, NY: Routlege.Hardy, A. C. (1979). The spiritual nature of man: A study of contemporary religiousexperience. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Koenig, H. G. (2009). Research on religion, spirituality, and mental health: A review.Canadian Journal Of Psychiatry, 54(5), 283-291.Maslow, A. H. (1970). Religions, values, and peak experiences. New York, NY: VikingPress.Nisbet, E. K., Zelenski, J. A., & Murphy, S. A. (2009). The nature relatedness scale:Linking individuals connection with nature to environmental concern and behaviour.Environment and Behaviour, 41, 715-740.Stace, W. T. (1960). Mysticism and philosophy. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott.Tisdell, E. J. (2003). Exploring spirituality and culture in adult higher education. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Wills, M. (2007). Connection, action, and hope: an invitation to reclaim the spiritual inhealthcare. Journal of Religion & Health, 46(3), 423-436.Worthington, E. L., & Aten, J. D. (2009). Psychotherapy with religious and spiritual clients:An introduction. Journal of Clinical Psychology, (65)2, 123-130. doi:10.1002/jclp.20626

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