Three Main Types of Speeches.The three main types of speeches are: -the informative. -the persuasive. -the special occasion.The use of this kind depends upon the speakers objective.
The informative speech.Provide information.the speaker is a teacher, and his or her purpose is to educate the audience regarding a topic. the topic may be an: -object. -event. -a concept. -a process.
Informative speech: Speeches About ObjectsObjects are things that are tangible and, thus,recognized through sight, hearing, taste, or touch; sospeeches about objects include those about people,places, animals, structures, etc Examples:-Why President John F. Kennedy was the Prince ofCamelot?-Is Ethanol a Viable Alternative to Fossil Fuel?
Informative Speech Speeches About EventsEvents are happenings or occurrences, both past and present, so possible speech topics include the following:-The origins of the holiday known as Halloween. -What led to the Salem Witch Trials. -The Primary Causes of World War II.
Informative speech: Speeches AboutConcepts are Concepts ideas, philosophies, hypotheses, and arguments, etc, so informative speeches might address topics such as these:-Karl Marx’s concept of socialism. -The principles of Feng Shui, the Ancient Chinese Art of Placement.
Informative speech Speeches About Processesit is: -how something is made. -how something is done or how something works.Possible topics include these:How pearls develop in oysters.How to administer the Heimlich maneuver.How to organize a plot for a novel.
Given their visual nature, most informative speeches are more successful if the speaker uses visual aids such as PowerPoint presentations, flip charts, graphs, models, etc
The Persuasive Speech :-it usually challenges an audience’sbeliefs.-Persuasive speeches are the mostdifficult to deliver, at least successfully,since they usually deal with controversialtopics about which people in the audience already hold strong,
Types of Persuasive SpeechesThere are three main types of persuasive speeches: -questions of fact. -questions of value. -questions of policy.
Questions of fact.Are capable of proof or disproof. Questions of fact arethose which ask you to answer whether or notsomething is.Example: -Will the stock market rally in 2010? -Did Lee Harvey Oswald act alone in assassinatingPresident John F. Kennedy?
Questions of PolicyQuestions of Policy ask the writer to explain what they would do. The key word in these topics is usually "should" as in "what should we do....". The question asks the writer to create a plan of action to solve some sort of problem.Example: -Should pro-athletes have mandatory tests for performance-enhancing drugs? -Are smokers being unfairly singled out for higher taxation?
Questions of ValueAddress the relative merit (goodness or badness) of a thing. Here you are usually asked to choose between things, ideas, beliefs, or actions and explain why you choose in the manner you did.Example: -Do people have the right to choose to die with dignity? -Should dogfights be legalized?
When preparing a persuasive speech, speakers must accept that at least some listeners are going to disagree, perhaps adamantly so, with their viewpoint, which is why speakers should attempt to anticipate objections and counterarguments and address them during the course of the speech.
Speeches for SpecialOccasionsIn this types of speech there are several important points to keep in mind: -The speech must fit the occasion. The speech should reflect a similar mood. -The speech must meet the allotted time. Speakers should be neither too brief nor too longwinded. -Intended remarks must be accurate. For example, if someone is presenting an award and intends to begin with interesting facts about the recipient, these facts must be correct.
In the moment of deliver a speech the speaker should possess an understanding of the different types of speeches and have their objective clearly in mind, they will be capable of delivering of the speech that the audience will remember for a long time to come.