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Learning Targets by Karen Kidwell
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Learning Targets by Karen Kidwell

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The original presentation is available online at the link on the last slide. With all the talk about "Standards" this is aimed at a US audience, but it's still a good introduction to Robert Marzano's …

The original presentation is available online at the link on the last slide. With all the talk about "Standards" this is aimed at a US audience, but it's still a good introduction to Robert Marzano's ideas about how to clarify for yourself exactly what you want the students to know and be able to do.

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  • 1. Deconstructing Standards into Achievable Learning Targets [email_address]
  • 2. OUR Targets
    • I can articulate the difference between a ‘standard’ and a ‘target.’
    • I can deconstruct standards and evaluate my work for quality, accuracy, and usefulness.
    • I can transform learning targets into student friendly language.
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Research-based Strategies
    • 5 Research-based strategies that significantly improve student learning:
      • Sharing criteria (clear learning targets with success criteria)
      • Questioning
      • Feedback
      • Peer assessment
      • Self-assessment
  • 8. Learning/Achievement Targets Statements of what we want students to learn and be able to do.
  • 9. Without Clear Targets We Can’t Do Any of the Following…
    • Know if the assessment adequately covers and samples what we taught.
    • Correctly identify what students know and don’t know and their level of achievement.
    • Plan next steps in instruction.
    • Give detailed, descriptive feedback to students.
    • Have students self-assess or set goals likely to help them learn more.
    • Select instructional activities that actually help students achieve the target.
  • 10. A Mathematics Example
    • Math
    • Decimals
    • Page 152 in the book
    • Going on a decimal hunt
    • Read decimals and put them in order
    Subject Topic Assignment Activity Learning Target
  • 11.  
  • 12. Classifying Targets
  • 13. Once you’ve identified the overall type of STANDARD , you’ll have a better understanding of the likely TARGET TYPES
  • 14. Creating Targets for “Driving a Car with Skill”
    • What knowledge will students need to demonstrate the intended learning?
    • What patterns of reasoning will they need to master?
    • What skills are required, if any?
    • What product development/ performance capabilities must they acquire, if any?
  • 15. Driving a Car with Skill
    • Knowledge
      • Know the law
      • Read signs and understand what they mean
    • Reasoning
      • Evaluate ‘am I safe’ and synthesize information to take action if needed
    • Skills
      • Steering, shifting, parallel parking, …
    • Products/Performances
      • Drive the car in a safe/lawful manner!
  • 16. Clear Targets
    • Impact on students:
    • More focused (especially underachieving students).
    • Demand learning target.
    • More likely to express learning needs – specifically.
    • Develops a learning culture.
    • Quality of work improves.
    • Behavior improves.
    • Persevere longer.
    • Greater ownership of learning as responsibility shifts from teacher to student.
    • Automatically self-evaluative.
    • More enthusiastic about learning.
    • Impact on teachers:
    • More focused.
    • Sharpens teacher understanding of learning target.
    • Expectations rise.
    • Focus on quality rather than getting everything done.
    • More critical of activities.
    • Reinforces relevant vocabulary.
    • Assists in reflection of lesson and learning that occurred.
    • Strengthen connections with parents related to child’s strengths and weaknesses.
  • 17.
    • “ Without the learning intention, children are merely victims of the teacher’s whim.”
    • “ The sharing of learning intentions is, however, more complex than simply repeating what is in the teacher’s plan.”
    • Shirley Clarke in Unlocking Formative Assessment
  • 18. Student Friendly Terms
    • “ In order for the learning intention to be shared effectively, it needs to be clear and unambiguous , so that the teacher can explain it in a way that makes sense to her children.”
    • “… the task has to match the learning intention for the children to have a chance of fulfilling it.”
    • The learning intention “needs to be the main focus of feedback .”
    • Shirley Clarke in Unlocking Formative Assessment
  • 19. Clear Statement of Learning Target
    • Skill or concept to be defined: PREDICTION
    • A statement saying something will happen in the future.
    • Student-friendly language for target:
    • I can make predictions. This means I can use information/evidence to describe what is likely to happen next.
  • 20.
    • Students who can identify what they are learning significantly outscore those who cannot.
      • Robert Marzano
  • 21. Student Friendly Language
    • From K-3 Deconstruction
    • “ Observe and describe properties of material objects”
    • Student Friendly Language:
    • I can describe the physical properties of objects that I can see, touch, and/or smell .
  • 22. Student Friendly Terms
    • We’ll know we’ve achieved this because…
    We are learning to… Hey Dad! Let me show you …
  • 23. Tips for Deconstructing Standards
    • Read the “Big Idea” and Enduring Understanding for the selected section of POS to provide overall context.
    • Start with POS Skills/Concepts statement.
    • Don’t over analyze each statement.
      • Select “main” category that best fits the entire statement.
    • Determine knowledge/reasoning/skills needed that are not explicitly stated.
    • Do the same with the related CCA statement.
    • Deconstruct further (i.e., knowledge, skills, product, etc.) as needed.
  • 24.
    • Students will re present the path of light as it interacts with a variety of surfaces (reflecting, refracting, absorbing).
    A 4 th Grade Standard from Science Program of Studies
  • 25. So, what’s the target in this Standard?
    • Students will re present the path of light as it interacts with a variety of surfaces (reflecting, refracting, absorbing).
    • Know that light has a source
    • Represent the straight-line path of light
    • Know that we see objects because light is reflected from the object in its path to our eyes
    • Describe light that is reflected; refracted; absorbed by an object
  • 26. Let’s Practice!
    • SC-7-STM-U-2
    • Students will understand that there are only 92 naturally occurring elements and all matter is made of some combination of them (compounds).
    •   SC-7-STM-S-2
    • Students will distinguish between elements and compounds and classify them according to their properties.
    •  
    • SC-07-1.1.1
    • Students will:
    • ·        classify substances according to their chemical/reactive properties;
    • ·        infer real life applications for substances based on chemical/reactive properties.
    •   In chemical reactions, the total mass is conserved. Substances are often classified into groups if they react in similar ways. The patterns which allow classification can be used to infer or understand real life applications for those substances.
  • 27. Identifying the Learning Targets
    • Are the standards primarily knowledge, reasoning/skills or product based?
    • Use the Target Types/Underpinning Learning Targets Chart to figure out what kind of learning targets will result.
    • Are your targets clear with respect to what students should learn and be able to do?
    • Are they in terms students will understand?
  • 28.
    • WITH Clear Targets We CAN Do the Following…
    • Know if the assessment adequately covers and samples what we taught.
    • Correctly identify what students know and don’t know and their level of achievement.
    • Plan next steps in instruction.
    • Give detailed, descriptive feedback to students.
    • Have students self-assess or set goals likely to help them learn more.
    • Select instructional activities that actually help students achieve the target.
  • 29. Remember This…
    • Learning targets need to be clear to all students.
    • Not all learning targets are unclear and need to be converted into student friendly language.
    • Activities should be selected/planned AFTER the learning targets are established.
  • 30. Find the original PPT
    • The link to this presentation is: www.middlematters.com/.../WKEC+ Learning + Targets +PPt+by+Karen+Kidwell.ppt

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