What Part Did The Irish Immigrants Play In

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Presentation on Irish immigrants to 19th century Ouseburn in Newcastle upon Tyne

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  • The great influx of Irish to the NE occurred fro 1840s onwards, with famine in Ireland the main reason for migration.
  • The Irish population that arrived in Newcastle, came to the run-down slum areas of the Sandgate area, with its many allies, 10 or so houses on either side of very narrow walkways, each house having about eight to ten rooms. Its evident from the census returns that each room of a house would be occupied by up 20 people. Amongst the Irish, rooms would be shared between families, visiting lodgers and relatives. Even twenty years later, the Inspector of Nuisances was still reporting numerous cases of infringement of the swine law During this time the Catholic church
  • The Dominicans in Newcastle upon Tyne St Andrew’s in Worswick Street Red Barns site Building the Priory
  • The Dominicans left Newcastle in 1539, returning by chance to Tyneside in 1860 and signing an agreement with Bishop Hogarth to undertake to serve St. Andrew’s Parish for seven years while they ‘used their endeavors’ to purchase an eligible site on which they could build a church to serve their establishment.
  • The Foundation Stone was to be laid on September 14 th 1869, and much of the first flourishes of work on the site can be attributed to Father Antoninus Williams.
  • The Foundation Stone ceremony took place on Tuesday 14 th May 1869, a working day and it poured with rain. Even so, a large crowd gathered, hundreds of children, many from St. Andrew’s School, as well as St. Andrew’s Brass Band and Bishop Chadwick performed the ceremony. This was followed by a lunch at The Queens Head in Pilgrim Street with several formidable toasts and speeches. The next 3 years saw the bulk of the building work, and fund-raising carried on through a series of concerts in the local community – the cost of the building having increased to £12,000.
  • Before the church was half built, he had planned and built the infant schools to accommodate 800 children, and by then the estimate for building the curch had increased to £8,000 – £4,300 of which had been raised by subscription.
  • On Wednesday 10 th September 1873 – on a bright and dry but windy day, at 11am the first High Mass was sung in St. Dominic’s. Presiding over the mass was Bishop Chadwick. Visitors on the day included Archbishop Manning (later became Cardinal), Bishop Clifford of Clifton, Bishop Amherst of Northallerton – and a special blessing was received from Pope Pius IX. In the afternoon a lunch was held at the Old Assembly Rooms, with speeches by principal guests, and even more celebrations in the evening.
  • The Daily Chronicle, in April 1872 reported that the almost complete church had already assumed a dingy-like look externally, as did all edifices in the eastern portion of Newcastle, sucuming to the smoke emanated from the many industries of the area.
  • First Baptisms Both morning and evening, every day the church and gallery were packed to capacity. A shilling was charged for a seat, but standing was free. The exterior of the church hasn’t changed very much since then, although the wrought iron railings and gates were sacrificed for WWII and the building of the ugly wall outside the priory. The tower, which we see today is only 50 feet high, when the original planned tower had been 175 feet.
  • Haven’t managed to find out very much about this at all
  • 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 All Newcastle 3532 7076 7348 7020 4872 2363 All Saints 1572 3523 3210 2587 1329 1031 Lime Street 84 97 94 35 28
  • The exterior of the church hasn’t changed very much since then, although the wrought iron railings and gates were sacrificed for WWII and the building of the ugly wall outside the priory. The tower, which we see today is only 50 feet high, when the original planned tower had been 175 feet.
  • The people highlighted in green are my Irish ancestors. The three outlined in red were born in Ireland, and lived in the Ouseburn There are lots of others among my 452 ancestors so far documented including this one that always fascinates me, but also, I think it reflects the sharing community that is still the Ouseburn
  • Arrived in Gateshead in 1869 with his parents and, 3 brothers and 2 sisters Some time during the Engineers’ Strike (Nine-Hour League) his parents went off to America and left him here with his master at Sowerby Glass He married Mary Jane O’Gorman at St. Dominic’s in 1882.
  • Born in Dublin in about 1804 Enlisted in the famous ‘Slashers’ Gloucester Regiment After serving ??? Years in Corfu Sailed to New South Wales in ???? With the 14 convict ships which made up the original colony Stayed there for Seven years before setting sail for India when the Colony was handed over Returned to England in ???? Ended up as a Chelsea out-pensioner in Lime Street in 1861.
  • After enlisting, he spent 6 years and 70 days in Corfu following the defeat of Napoleon, when the British conquered the island and remained there until 1864. In 1835 he left Port of London on 19 th October, sailing to New South Wales with the 23 Convict Ships, arriving in Sydney on 18 th May 1836. He remained there in Australia until June 1842, when the 28 th Regiment left NSW for good, sailing in three ships which famously went aground on a reef 30 miles off Queensland, now called Slasher’s Reef. After refloating, the ships sailed on to India, where the 28 th arriving in Bombay with 800 men, were reduced to 420 by the time they were paraded at Hyderabad in 1844. Patrick was discharged on 14 th June 1844, after having arrived from Bombay a month earlier. He wasn’t quite the hero though – In 1844 – he was discharge with Rheumatism and temporary weakness of the limbs.
  • What Part Did The Irish Immigrants Play In

    1. 1. What part did the Irish immigrants play in the history of the Lower Ouseburn Valley? Like many towns and cities in the U.K., Newcastle upon Tyne experienced large-scale immigration of Irish people from the mid-nineteenth century onwards and in 1851 they made up approximately 8% of the population of Newcastle upon Tyne. St. Patrick’s Day talk
    2. 2. Historical context <ul><li>Famine in the 1840s </li></ul>
    3. 3. Living conditions <ul><li>Typical Irish household – image from computer </li></ul><ul><li>Housing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>In 1848 a City Council Bye-Law declared that </li></ul><ul><li>‘swine shall not be kept within any dwelling-house or in any room or building occupied by man’ </li></ul>
    4. 4. St. Dominic’s Priory
    5. 5. Red Barns site
    6. 6. Building St. Dominic’s
    7. 8. The Foundations
    8. 9. The Foundations
    9. 10. Father Antoninus Williams
    10. 12. The legacy of the industrial Ouseburn <ul><li>Picture of Ouseburn </li></ul>
    11. 13. Our Ancestors <ul><li>The Ouseburn and surrounding area became home to many of the Irish immigrants who not only helped to shape the landscape of the Lower Ouseburn Valley, but also settled in Newcastle upon Tyne to later become out Ouseburn Ancestors. </li></ul>
    12. 14. First baptisms <ul><li>Dominic John Carey, son of Nicholas and Catherine Killoran of Pandon Dene </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Mary O’Hare, daughter of James and Ann McKenna of Croft Stairs </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Anne Sharon, daughter of Peter and Elizabeth Fletcher of Pandon Dene </li></ul>
    13. 15. St. Patrick’s Boys Club <ul><li>Pictures and discussion </li></ul>
    14. 16. Irish in Newcastle 1841 - 1891
    15. 17. Today <ul><li>Picture of church today </li></ul>
    16. 18. Irish in Ouseburn 1841 - 1891
    17. 19. Fay, O’Gorman, O’Connell & Barrett Sue Barrett 1956 – Elswick, moved to Wandsworth Road in 1981, worked in the valley since 1985 John Barrett Journeyman Joiner – 11 May 1927 Chopwell Peter Barrett 6 April 1886 in Hebburn 3 rd Tyneside Irish Brigade Later Coal Hewer Hannah O’Connell Born 17 November 1886, Garden Terrace, Benwell Thomas O’Connell 1862, Newcastleton, Scotland Lived on New Road in 1881 Mary Jane O’Gorman Born 15 February 1864, Byker Bank Married at St. Dominic’s 19 August 1882 Patrick Barrett 1857, Silver Street Eliza Fay Born in Ireland in 1836 Lived in Lime Street in 1851 Married in Catholic Chapel, Pilgrim St 27 Oct 1857 Patrick Fay 1804 in Dublin Lived in Lime Street in 1851 Patrick Barrett Born in Ireland James O’Connell Born in Limerick in 1830 Lived in William St, Gateshead in 1871 died in Shields Township, Libertyville, Illinois Edward O’Gorman Born in Sligo, Ireland in 1838 Olive Wilson Born 1926 in Heaton Park Road daughter of a Barber John George Wilson. His Father was a Waterman
    18. 20. Thomas O’Connell <ul><li>Copy of marriage certificate </li></ul>
    19. 21. Patrick Fay Lime Street 1851
    20. 22. Patrick Fay <ul><li>Enlisted in 1822 in Gloucester Regiment at Dublin in 1822 aged 18 years </li></ul><ul><li>Court-marshalled March 1833 for being drunk on duty </li></ul><ul><li>Confined to barracks in 1834 for quarrelling in the street </li></ul><ul><li>Court-marshalled again in 1840 for being drunk on escort duty </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of a Gloucester soldier </li></ul>
    21. 23. My challenge to you all <ul><li>Find your own Ouseburn Ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Come and tell us about them this time next year. </li></ul>

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