Literacy has been described as the ability to read forknowledge and write coherently and think critically about the writtenword. Literacy can also include the ability to understand all forms ofcommunication, be it body language, pictures, video or sound(reading, speaking, listening and viewing).Evolving definitions of literacy often include all the symbol systemsrelevant to a particular community. Literacy encompasses a complexset of abilities to understand and use the dominant symbol systemsof a culture for personal and community development.In a technological society, the concept of literacy is expanding toinclude the media and electronic text, in addition to alphabetic andnumber systems. These abilities vary in different social and culturalcontexts according to need and demand.
A Public Computer Image in Pittsburgh: Literacy Windows (Link and Speranza 1992)
Literacy encompasses a complex set of abilities¨ Natural Literacy¨ Artistic Literacy¨ Media Literacy¨ Ethical Literacy¨ Visual Literacy¨ Numerical Literacy Literacies¨ Social/Cultural Literacy¨ Emotional Literacy¨ Organisational Literacy¨ Environmental Literacy¨ Scientific Literacy Mackenzie 2009
Knowledge of a particularsubject, or a particular type of knowledge? What other Literacies are there?
Trying to provide just one definitioncould quite easily getanyone into a tangle!
So trying todefine what ismeant by DigitalLiteracy may notbe simplyweaving togetherone statement.It needsCONTEXT
“By digital literacy we mean thosecapabilities which fit an individualfor living, learning and working ina digital society.” (Beetham, 2009)
ContextFor example:• the use of digital tools to undertake academic research, writing and critical thinking• digital professionalism• the use of specialist digital tools and data sets• communicating ideas effectively in a range of media• producing, sharing and critically evaluating information• collaborating in virtual networks• using digital technologies to support reflection and PDP• managing digital reputation and showcasing achievements. (Beetham, for JISC 2012)
ICT literacy is usingdigital technology,communications tools,and/or networksto access, manage,integrate, evaluate,and create informationin order to function in aknowledge society (International ICT Literacy Panel, 2002)
ICT LITERACY ACCESS MANAGE INTEGRATE EVALUATE CREATE Increasing complexity of knowledge and expertisee.g. literacy, e.g. knowledge ofnumeracy, hardware,problem ICT Proficiency software,solving, spacial Cognitive Technical networks andand visual Proficiency Proficiency elements ofliteracy skills digital technology (Adapted from the International ICT Literacy Panel Report, 2002:18)
ICT LITERACY ACCESS MANAGE INTEGRATE EVALUATE CREATE Increasing complexity of knowledge and expertise ICT Proficiency Cognitive Technical Proficiency Proficiency The integration and application of cognitive + technical skills = ICT Proficiency ICT Proficiencies are enablers which allow individuals tomaximise the capabilities of technology >>> innovation, individual transformation and societal change
(Futurelab: Digital literacy across the curriculum 2010:19)
As you will come toappreciate there are in fact multipleDigital Literacies and 21 st century skills