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The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
The origins of the trojan war
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The origins of the trojan war

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  • 1. The Origins of the Trojan War Greek Mythology
  • 2. Foundations <ul><li>Several mythic founders </li></ul><ul><li>Ilus most accepted story – Ilium </li></ul><ul><li>Ilus given cow and told found city where it lay </li></ul><ul><li>Additional sign – legless wooden statue called Palladium </li></ul><ul><li>Should be carefully guarded – brought empire </li></ul><ul><li>Statue of Athene? </li></ul>
  • 3. Mythical reasons for Trojan War <ul><li>Zeus wanted to thin out human race </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus wanted to make whole world aware of daughter Helen </li></ul><ul><li>OR give her immortal fame as cause of war </li></ul><ul><li>OR give second generation of heroes chance to achieve fame – no monsters </li></ul><ul><li>Fate decided survivors of Troy should found Rome </li></ul>
  • 4. King Priam and his children <ul><li>King Priam and his wife Hecabe </li></ul><ul><li>Hector – the greatest warrior of Troy – slain by Achilles – married to Andromache </li></ul><ul><li>Deiphobus and Helenus. Deiphobus awarded Helen as wife after Paris dies </li></ul><ul><li>Troilus and Polyxena young and beautiful – killed by Achilles </li></ul><ul><li>Cassandra given the gift of prophecy by Apollo </li></ul><ul><li>Creusa married Aeneas </li></ul>
  • 5. Paris <ul><li>Son of Priam and Hecabe </li></ul><ul><li>Hecabe dreamed she gave birth to a branch alive with fiery snakes which set Troy ablaze </li></ul><ul><li>Aesacus the prophet interpreted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Priam should destroy Hecabe’s child or lead to Troy’s destruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cilla’s baby killed – Priam did not think it necessary to kill Hecabe’s as well </li></ul><ul><li>Baby abandoned at Mt Ida. </li></ul><ul><li>Herdsmen returned and found child alive (suckled by She-Bear) </li></ul><ul><li>Took baby and bought him up as his own </li></ul><ul><li>Paris grew up as a cowherd </li></ul><ul><li>Handsome, intelligent, atheletic, charming, but not courageous </li></ul><ul><li>Adept with bow and arrow </li></ul><ul><li>Became lover of nymph Oenone </li></ul>
  • 6. The Judgement of Paris <ul><li>Zeus to marry Thetis </li></ul><ul><li>Changed mind when heard that she was destined to bear a son greater than the father </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus married her to a mortal – Peleus </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding of Thetis and Peleus attended by most immortals </li></ul><ul><li>Eris, goddess of Discord threw golden apple inscribed ‘for the fairest’ </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus selected Paris to be judge of beauty contest </li></ul><ul><li>Hera, Athene, Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Hera promised great and wealthy king </li></ul><ul><li>Athene offered wisdom and military glory </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite offered Aphrodite’s half sister – Helen </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite won </li></ul><ul><li>Angered Hera and Athene </li></ul>
  • 7. Return and Abduction <ul><li>Return </li></ul><ul><li>Paris competed in games at Troy </li></ul><ul><li>Attracted attention </li></ul><ul><li>Priam’s sons attack out of jealousy </li></ul><ul><li>Herdsman told Priam that he was the son believed dead </li></ul><ul><li>Priam warned but still welcomed him back </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction </li></ul><ul><li>Paris embarked on voyage to Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Reached Sparta and welcomed by Menelaus </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaus sailed to Crete </li></ul><ul><li>Paris and Helen took off </li></ul><ul><li>Trojans would not give her back </li></ul>
  • 8. The Greeks Sail to Troy <ul><li>King Menelaus of Sparta </li></ul><ul><li>Brother – Agamemnon, King of Mycenae Commander in Chief </li></ul><ul><li>Great force of heroes and followers gathered </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice of Agamenon’s daughter Iphigenia secured required west wind </li></ul>
  • 9. Greek Heroes - Achilles <ul><li>Son of Peleus and Thetis </li></ul><ul><li>Strongest, most ruthless and most successful </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunctional family </li></ul><ul><li>Thetis made him invulnerable by dipping him in the river Styx (underworld) </li></ul><ul><li>Fingers prevented her water from reaching two tiny places on ankle (Achilles heel) </li></ul><ul><li>Educated by Chiron (centaur) </li></ul><ul><li>Had been one of Helen’s suitors </li></ul><ul><li>Two versions of reasons for involvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thetis knew he would die at Troy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disguised him as a women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovered by Odysseues who blew horn and Achilles took up arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now obliged to go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other version says prophet told Achilles that he might have a short and glorious life or a long life in total obscurity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chose the latter </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Greek Heroes - Ajax <ul><li>Second most powerful warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Cousin of Achilles </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous man with great strength, courage and fighting skill </li></ul><ul><li>Not bright </li></ul><ul><li>Lacked guile and persuasive tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Put him at a disadvantage when dealing with chief rival - Odysseus </li></ul>
  • 11. Odysseus <ul><li>Best known for his cunning </li></ul><ul><li>King of Ithaca </li></ul><ul><li>Not happy about Troy summons </li></ul><ul><li>Had heard a prophecy that if he went he would not return for twenty years, alone and destitute beggar </li></ul><ul><li>Pretended to be insane – ploughed seashore </li></ul><ul><li>Palamedes put down Telemachus in front of plow </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus stopped – proved he wasn’t insane </li></ul><ul><li>Meant he had to go </li></ul>

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