Penthesileia and 12 companions came to Troy just after Hector’s death and fought for the Trojans. They terrified the Greeks, but Achilles was not scared of them. P fought A, and Achilles was said to have fallen in love with her at the same moment he killed her.
The base of a pyxis was divided into 3 flared sections – this gives the vase more stability
The krater is so large it would have taken 2 slaves to carry it!
The aegis is a skin, either of goat or of a monster which she killed. Either way it is a large cloak of scales, fringed with snakes which was thrown over the shoulders or held in one hand as a shield.
Little regard for shading or highlighting – basically just a coloured drawing. Only
This was the last technique to be developed. Its use suggests that the pottery decorators longed to have the freedom to paint like mural painters on a plaster surface.
One day, while Paris was watching his father’s flocks, Hermes approached him.
Hermes brought three the goddesses Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. They were contesting for possession of an apple, inscribed “For the fairest”, which had been thrown among the guests at the wedding of Thetis and Peleus.
Eris (Strife) had not been invited and the resulting argument was too tricky for Zeus to get involved with. Paris was chosen as the man to make the decision.
The three jealous goddesses were anxious to win the prize, and all offered Paris bribes to win his favour:
Hera promised him sovereignty over all men.
Athena promised victory in war and wisdom.
Aphrodite promised him the hand of the most beautiful woman in the world.
Paris gave the apple to Aphrodite, and the dispute over Helen caused the Trojan War.
Out of spite Hera denied Paris the kingship of Troy, and Athena denied him success in war.
Paris sits in the centre of the frieze. He is naked except for a Chlamys (cloak) and wears a Petassos (hat) behind his head. He holds a club in his left hand. He is shown as a shepherd, and he sits on a rock, talking to Hermes.
Hermes, messenger of the gods, stands in front of Paris. He is dressed the same as Paris, but he carries a Caduceus , a herald’s staff entwined with snakes. He also wears winged boots.
Hermes Hera wears a diadem on her head and carries a sceptre, showing she is Queen of the Gods, and wife of Zeus. She also wears an Ionic chiton and an embroidered himation. She wears a fold of her cloak over her head. This is a sign of modesty, showing she is married. She carries a staff in her right hand.
Athena is identified by her helmet and her Aegis. She wears an embroidered peplos under the aegis, and carries a spear in her right hand.
Eros Aphrodite – “the fairest” Athena Hera Paris Hermes Aphrodite stands with her winged son Eros (Cupid). She wears an ionic chiton, and she also wears a veil over her head to show she is married (to Hephaistos). Her head is slightly bent, and she looks down at Eros.
This is an early example of the new White-Ground Technique. The range of colours used was quite limited, as only colours which would withstand firing could be used – browns and oranges are the only colours.
This style was inspired by the wall painters, who had more freedom to depict the scenes of their choice on a more realistic white background.
The areas framing the main frieze are painted in Red-Figure style, showing stylised leaves Paris’ rock is the only part of the vase showing different tones to suggest shading Colours used are very vivid
The calm static poses of the figures create the calm mood of the frieze Paris’ left leg turns inward slightly, and is foreshortened. The artist has shown different weights of fabric by differences in the closeness of the vertical lines on the drapery. However, the drapery does not really reveal the form of the body underneath.