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Kleophrades:
Pointed amphora
about the painter
 Kleophrades worked in Athens between a period of 505BC to
475BC.
 Over 100 vases attributed to him su...
the vase
Date: c.500-490BC
Vase: Pointed Amphora
Potter: Kleophrades
Painter: Kleophrades
Height: 56cm
Technique: Red figu...
Decoration
Side A
decoration: neck
Side A
Three youths are depicted playing with spears. Each youth stands with their legs
apart, and face t...
decoration: body
Side A
Dionysos the centre
figure on Side A.
•Wears a chiton and
himation. Both items of
clothing detaile...
decoration: body
Side A
• This maenad stands to the
right of Dionysus (left when
looking at the vase, right from
Dionysos’...
decoration: body
Side A
• This maenad stands to the left
of Dionysus (right when
looking at the vase, left from
Dionysos’ ...
decoration: base
Side A
 The large main band is finished with a motif of meanders and saltires.
 The large main band and...
Decoration
Side B
decoration: neck
Side B
As on side A, side B has a second grouping of 3 athletes with spears and a discus. On the
wall han...
decoration: body
Side B
•This satyr stands in the middle
if the main band on side B.
•This satyr is shown with a
frontal h...
decoration: body
Side B
•She stands to the right of the
satyr.
•She sways in time to the music.
•She faces away from the s...
decoration: body
Side B
•She stands to the left of the
satyr.
•She seems frozen in her dance
•She faces away from the saty...
Mood
The mood of the decoration is one of
happy, carefree abandon
This is achieved by:
• the body positions – raised heels...
Symmetry: body
Side A
Symmetry created by
having the two
maenads on either
side of Dionysus.
Perfect symmetry
broken by Di...
Symmetry: body
Side B
The head and thyros’
that the two maenads
carry are in mirrored
positions.
A symmetrical pattern
is ...
Drapery
The Maenads are dressed in himations and
chitons.
– Himations are flowing – they flare out as the
maenads dance. T...
Dilute glaze could then be painted or syringed on to
add extra detail or depth.
Here is has been used for a number of thin...
realism
How has the artist tried to create realism in the vase painting?
 Drapery follows the lines of the body.
The bod...
detail
What has the artist used to create detail?
 The ruffles and folds of Dionysus’ chiton and himation.
 Added honey ...
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Kleopp

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  • Can see the outlines of bodies underneath clothes
  • Transcript of "Kleopp"

    1. 1. Kleophrades: Pointed amphora
    2. 2. about the painter  Kleophrades worked in Athens between a period of 505BC to 475BC.  Over 100 vases attributed to him survive today. Identified on one vase as being the son of Amasis  It is likely he was a pupil of Euthymides (a red figure pioneer)  Sometimes worked in black figure.  Favoured decorating large vases.  Most of his subject matter was scenes taken from the pioneers, but also did scenes from the Trojan War.
    3. 3. the vase Date: c.500-490BC Vase: Pointed Amphora Potter: Kleophrades Painter: Kleophrades Height: 56cm Technique: Red figure technique Use of vase: This type of vase was used for holding wine and oil. Because of the shape of the vase a stand was needed for it to remain upright. This meant that it was not often chosen for decoration by painters. Composition: This vase is divided into 3 main bands. One on the neck, a large one on the body which takes up about ¾ of the space and a smaller band above the foot of the vase. Side A Side B
    4. 4. Decoration Side A
    5. 5. decoration: neck Side A Three youths are depicted playing with spears. Each youth stands with their legs apart, and face to their right. The first youth carries several spears and a discus lies on its edge on the ground between his legs. The second youth has his right leg off the ground and carries a spear over his shoulder with his right arm. The third youth has his right foot forward and carries a discus in his right hand. A pick is lying on the ground behind the second and third youth. Discus Pick-axe Spear/javelin
    6. 6. decoration: body Side A Dionysos the centre figure on Side A. •Wears a chiton and himation. Both items of clothing detailed. •Leopard skin cloak, front legs of skin knotted around his neck. •His left arm is raised and holding a vine branch with purple leaves. •His head is turned to his right to look behind him. •Wears a crown of purple ivy leaves. •As he turns his head his hair (painted in ringlets) fans out over his shoulders. •He holds an empty metal kantharos in his left hand. •Feet are facing to his left. Dionysus
    7. 7. decoration: body Side A • This maenad stands to the right of Dionysus (left when looking at the vase, right from Dionysos’ P.O.V.) •She wears a detailed chiton and himation also. •She wears a deer skin over her garments. •She wears a sakkos on her head. Though some hair has escaped from beneath it in her revelry. •In her right hand she holds a thyros to defend herself from the satyr. •A Thyrsos is a staff made from a large fennel stalk, topped with a cap of ivy leaves. It is used to fend off the attentions of the satyrs. •Her legs and feet are facing Dionysus. •Her torso and head are facing her attacker. •In her left hand she holds a snake which hisses at the satyr
    8. 8. decoration: body Side A • This maenad stands to the left of Dionysus (right when looking at the vase, left from Dionysos’ P.O.V.) •She wears a detailed chiton and himation also. •She wears a sakkos on her head. Though some hair has escaped from beneath it in her revelry. •In her right hand she holds a thyros to defend herself from the satyr. •She is using her left arm to also fend off the attacker. •Her torso and head are facing her attacker. •Her feet are facing Dionysus. Maenad 2
    9. 9. decoration: base Side A  The large main band is finished with a motif of meanders and saltires.  The large main band and the last main band are separated by a large area of glossy black slip. The last main band consists on stylised rays in the black figure technique.
    10. 10. Decoration Side B
    11. 11. decoration: neck Side B As on side A, side B has a second grouping of 3 athletes with spears and a discus. On the wall hangs a sponge bag and an aryballos used for applying oil to their bodies. Athlete 1, holds a spear and faces to his right. His body is fully profile with a frontal eye. Athlete 2 faces his right and holds a discus in his right hand. Athlete 3 faces his left and holds a spear in his right hand, his head is down concentrating on something. As on side A all three athletes have their legs apart. Aryballos Discus Spear/javelin
    12. 12. decoration: body Side B •This satyr stands in the middle if the main band on side B. •This satyr is shown with a frontal head and torso, profile legs and tail. •Inscription: “kale” the masculine form of “beautiful”. •Satyrs are bearded, hairy, goat- like creatures. They have goaty features and tails. They follow Dionysos becaue they enjoy drinking, dancing and mischief. •Satyr shown fully naked except for a deer skin. •Wears a wreath of purple leaves on his head. •Very comical looking with erect phallus. •Plays the aulis, the double flute. •Legs are apart and slightly bent at the knees. •His left heel is raised off the ground slightly. •His movement is to his left. •His body is slightly bent over with playing the aulus. Satyr
    13. 13. decoration: body Side B •She stands to the right of the satyr. •She sways in time to the music. •She faces away from the satyr, to her right. •Carries a thyros over her right shoulder. •As she moves her drapery swirls and flares around her ankles and behind her. •This maenad has blonde hair, achieved by layering dilute honey coloured glaze. •Her blue eyes were achieved by painting a ring of black with a red dot in the centre. •She appears oblivious to the snake winding itself around her left arm. •Also wears a deer skin. •Her head is tilted back. Maenad 1
    14. 14. decoration: body Side B •She stands to the left of the satyr. •She seems frozen in her dance •She faces away from the satyr, to her right. •Carries a thyros over her right shoulder. She twists her thyros in her hands. •As she moves her drapery swirls and flares around her ankles and behind her. •.This maenad has dark curly hair. She doesn’t wear a sakkos like the maenads on side A. •Her head is thrown back and she looks like she is howling. •Her right foot is in profile and has come out of the frame which adds depth to the scene. •Inscription: “kalos” in front of her face. This is the feminine form of “beautiful”. Maenad 2
    15. 15. Mood The mood of the decoration is one of happy, carefree abandon This is achieved by: • the body positions – raised heels, bent knees, swinging arms, heads back • careless poses – thyroi thrown over shoulders, Dionysos’ kantharos swinging • clothing sways with bodies’ movements • facial expressions – mouths open as if singing, eyes staring as if in a trance • satyrs’ nudity and erections suggest an element of sexual ecstasy as well
    16. 16. Symmetry: body Side A Symmetry created by having the two maenads on either side of Dionysus. Perfect symmetry broken by Dionysus’ lean and the positioning of the maenads thyroi. The maenads heads and bodies mirror each other, with the exception of their arms breaking symmetry.
    17. 17. Symmetry: body Side B The head and thyros’ that the two maenads carry are in mirrored positions. A symmetrical pattern is achieved with the two maenads either side of the satyr. Perfect symmetry is broken by the satyr’s pose and the positioning of the maenads arms.
    18. 18. Drapery The Maenads are dressed in himations and chitons. – Himations are flowing – they flare out as the maenads dance. The corners fall in swallow points. – Chitons move with the bodies underneath them. They are almost transparently thin, and they fall in folds. The fold lines are painted much closer together to show the difference in the weight of the material, compared with the himation.
    19. 19. Dilute glaze could then be painted or syringed on to add extra detail or depth. Here is has been used for a number of things: • The kantharos carried by Dionysos • The hair of one of the maenads • Added honey coloured glaze has been used to create intricate lines and zigzag folds on the maenad’s clothing. • The snake and deer skin on the first maenad on Side A has been detailed with honey coloured glaze. • Purple glaze has been used for the leaves and wreaths. • Yellow and blue has been used to highlight and distinguish one maenad from the other.
    20. 20. realism How has the artist tried to create realism in the vase painting?  Drapery follows the lines of the body. The bodies are fully profile.  The relief line is used to define musculature.  Hair has come loose from the maenad’s sakkos.  The bodies are more in proportion.  The poses are more naturalistic, maenads are “frozen” in position.  The female poses are more realistic than that of the satyrs and Dionysus.
    21. 21. detail What has the artist used to create detail?  The ruffles and folds of Dionysus’ chiton and himation.  Added honey coloured glaze has been used to create intricate lines and zigzag folds on the maenad’s clothing.  We can see the outline of Dionysus’ legs beneath the clothing.  The snake and deer skin on the first maenad on Side A has been detailed with honey coloured glaze.  Purple glaze has been used for the leaves and wreaths. Yellow and blue has been used to highlight and distinguish one maenad from the other.
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