Problem with inattentiveness, over-activity,
impulsivity, or a combination
Most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of
Affects about 3 - 5% of school aged children
Diagnosed much more often in boys than in girls.
No exact cause of ADHD
Most children with ADHD also have at least one other
developmental or behavioral problem.
Depression, lack of sleep, learning disabilities, tic
disorders, and behavior problems may be confused with,
or appear with, ADHD
Imaging studies suggest that the brains of children with
ADHD are different from those of other children.
Symptoms of ADHD fall into three groups
Lack of attention (Inattentiveness)
Impulsive behavior (Impulsivity)
(Some children with ADHD primarily have the inattentive type.
Others may have a combination of types. Those with the
inattentive type are less disruptive and are more likely to not
be diagnosed with ADHD)
Fails to give close attention to details
Careless mistakes in schoolwork
Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
Difficulty in organizing tasks and activities
Avoids or dislikes mental effort (such as
Often loses toys, things needed daily
Forgetful in daily activities
Plays with hands or feet or twists /turns in seat
Leaves seat when remaining seated is expected
Runs about or climbs in inappropriate situations
Has difficulty playing quietly
Is often "on the go," acts as if "driven by a motor,"
Blurts out answers before questions have been
Has difficulty awaiting turn
Interrupts or intrudes on others (butts into
conversations or games)
Treating ADHD is a partnership between the health
care provider, parents.
Set specific, appropriate target goals to guide
Start medication and behavior therapy.
Follow-up regularly with the doctor to check on
goals, results, and any side effects of medications.
If treatment does not appear to work, the health
care provider should:
Make sure the child indeed has ADHD
Check for other possible medical conditions that can cause
Make sure the treatment plan is being followed