Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  1. 1. About ADHD  Problem with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity, or a combination  Most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood  Affects about 3 - 5% of school aged children  Diagnosed much more often in boys than in girls.
  2. 2. Causes  No exact cause of ADHD  Most children with ADHD also have at least one other developmental or behavioral problem.  Depression, lack of sleep, learning disabilities, tic disorders, and behavior problems may be confused with, or appear with, ADHD  Imaging studies suggest that the brains of children with ADHD are different from those of other children.
  3. 3. Symptoms Symptoms of ADHD fall into three groups  Lack of attention (Inattentiveness)  Hyperactivity  Impulsive behavior (Impulsivity) (Some children with ADHD primarily have the inattentive type. Others may have a combination of types. Those with the inattentive type are less disruptive and are more likely to not be diagnosed with ADHD)
  4. 4. Inattentive Symptoms  Fails to give close attention to details  Careless mistakes in schoolwork  Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly  Difficulty in organizing tasks and activities  Avoids or dislikes mental effort (such as schoolwork)  Often loses toys, things needed daily  Easily distracted  Forgetful in daily activities
  5. 5. Hyperactivity Symptoms  Plays with hands or feet or twists /turns in seat  Leaves seat when remaining seated is expected  Runs about or climbs in inappropriate situations  Has difficulty playing quietly  Is often "on the go," acts as if "driven by a motor," talks excessively
  6. 6. Impulsivity Symptoms  Blurts out answers before questions have been completed  Has difficulty awaiting turn  Interrupts or intrudes on others (butts into conversations or games)
  7. 7. Treatment  Treating ADHD is a partnership between the health care provider, parents.  Set specific, appropriate target goals to guide therapy.  Start medication and behavior therapy.  Follow-up regularly with the doctor to check on goals, results, and any side effects of medications.
  8. 8. Treatment  If treatment does not appear to work, the health care provider should:  Make sure the child indeed has ADHD  Check for other possible medical conditions that can cause similar symptoms  Make sure the treatment plan is being followed
  9. 9. Office Address
  10. 10. Contact Us
  11. 11. T H E IT PEOPLE

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