The preceding case studies show a direct relationship between political conflicts and increased cyber attack activity. Further, they highlight that this malicious cyber activity can have concrete political and economic consequences. In the Israel/Palestinian conflict, following events such as car bombings and mortar shellings, there were increases in the number of cyber attacks. Subsequent to the April 1, 2001 mid-air collision between an American surveillance plane and a Chinese fighter aircraft, Chinese hacker groups immediately organized a massive and sustained week-long campaign of cyber attacks against American targets.
Extensive use of the Internet for research and communication shows why terrorists are likely to be attracted to Information Technology While society today has yet to experience an instance of cyberterrorism, cyber attacks by terrorists will likely occur in the future. This potential threat will require continued vigilance to reevaluate indicators of this type of activity as a more technically competent generation emerges and as we anticipate there will be more substantial cyber threats in the future.
Cyber terrorism is the convergence of terrorism and cyberspace. It is generally understood to mean unlawful attacks and threats of attack against computers, networks, and the information stored therein when done to intimidate or coerce a government or its people in furtherance of political or social objectives.
Public interest in cyber terrorism began in the late 1980s. As the year 2000 approached, the fear and uncertainty about the millennium bug heightened and interest in potential cyber terrorist attacks also increased .
Cyber Division FBI Headquarters Department of Homeland Security Transition Computer Intrusion Section Cyber Investigations Branch Deputy Assistant Director Assistant Director Cyber Crime Section Outreach, Capability and Development Section National Infrastructure Protection Center Analysis and Warning Section Outreach, Training and Strategy Section Special Assistant Operational Support Staff Special Technologies And Applications Section