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Humayun the mughal ruler

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  • 1. Humayun’s Biography Rule [1530-40, 1555-56]
  • 2. • ABOUT HUMAYUN. • PEOPLE IN HIS FAMILY. • ADMINISTRATION DURING HUMAYUN’S REIGN • HUMAYUN TOOK PARTS IN WARS. • ARCHITECTURE DURING HIS PERIOD. • DEATH OF HUMAYUN.
  • 3. Humayun
  • 4. 2nd Mughal emperor of India. Reign-(26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540),(22 February 1555 – 27 January 1556). Humayun was also called Nasin al uddin Muhammad. Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556. Religion – Islam.
  • 5. People in Humayun's family His mother- Maham Begum His father- Babur Spouse –Hamida Banu Begum Brothers- Hindal , Kamran Son- Akbar, Mirza Muhammad Hakim Daughter- Aqiqeh Begum
  • 6. Administration during Humayun's reign Humayun was unable to expand the empire further because of his peaceful patience non protective methods of speech which earned him a title of insan-I- kamil. He was interested in poetry &fascinated by astrology & the occult. So he began to reorganize the administration upon mystically determined principles .The public officers were divided into four district groups for the four elements the deptt which are earth, fire,water,air .Earth was incharge of agriculture, agricultures sciences. The deptt. of fire was incharge of military. Water was incharge of waterways & canals .Air was responsible for rest of things.
  • 7. HUMAYUN TOOK PART IN WARS First battle of Panipat,Battle of Khanwa,Battle of Ghaghra,Siege of Sambhal,Second battle of Panipat,Battle of Thanesar,Siege of Chittorgarh,Siege of Ranthambore,Battle of Tukaroi,Battle of Haldighati,Siege of Orchha,Mughal–Safavi War,Battle of Samugarh,Battle of Khajwa,Ahom–Mughal conflicts,Siege of Purandhar,Siege of Bijapur, Siege of Golconda,Siege of Jinji,Battle of Karnal,Battle of Sikandarabad,Third battle of Panipat,Battle of Buxar.
  • 8. War led by Humayun
  • 9. ART AND ARCHITECTURE  Islamic rule in India also introduced Islamic architecture into the Subcontinent, and early monuments started appearing in and around Delhi, the capital of Delhi Sultanate. Starting with the Mamluk dynasty which built the Qutb Minar (1192 AD) and its adjacent Quwwat- ul-Islam mosque (1193 AD). North India was successive ruled foreign dynasties in the coming centuries giving rise to the Indo-Islamic architecture. While the prevailing style of architecture was trabeate, employing pillars, beams and lintels, this brought in the arcuate style of construction, with its arches and beams, which flourished under Mughal patronage and by incorporating elements of Indian architecture, especially Rajasthani architecture including decorative corbel brackets, balconies, pendentive decorations and indeed kiosks or chhatris, to developed a distinct, Mughal architecture style, which was to become a lasting legacy of the nearly four hundred years of the Mughal rule. The combination of red sandstone and white marble was previously seen in Delhi Sultanate period tombs and mosques, most distinctively in the highly decorative Alai Darwaza in the Qutub complex Mehrauli, built in 1311 AD, under the Khilji dynasty.
  • 10. Death of Humayun On 27 January 1556, Humayun, with his arms full of books, was descending the staircase from his library when the muezzin announced the adhan (the call to prayer). It was his habit, wherever he heard the summons, to bow his knee in holy reverence. Kneeling, he caught his foot in his robe, tumbled down several steps and hit his temple on a rugged stone edge. He died three days later, and was succeeded by the 13- year old Akbar.
  • 11. THE END NAME-SUDHARSHAN.N CLASS-VII-A