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Cloud Computing: A leap in the near future for the benefit of Libraries
Cloud computing: A leap in the near
future for benefits of libraries
Sudesh Kumar Sood
Librarian, Postgraduate Govt. College,Una,H.P
Assistant Librarian , Dr. YS Parmar UHF, Solan, H.P.
Librarian, Govt. Degree College, Haripur (Manali), H.P.
In a time when the term “cloud computing” seems tagged to almost any
kind of technology product to make it sound new and trendy, Cloud
Computing for Libraries distinguishes the substance from the hype
to make you well-equipped to understand and evaluate its merits,
risks, and value to your organization. Cloud computing represents one
of the most important technology trends of our time. Every day
we make use of computing and information resources through a web
browser powered by some distant and diffuse infrastructure. This
model has become routine for personal use—e-mail, word processing,
social networking, photo sharing. In more recent months and years
cloud computing has entered the library technology sphere. Cloud
computing brings the opportunity for libraries to shift away from the
need to own and operate their own servers to power their core
automation applications and to instead shift to gaining similar
functionality through web-based services.
What is cloud computing?
VMware, the global leader in virtualization and
cloud infrastructure definition" "Cloud computing
is a new approach that reduces IT complexity by
leveraging the efficient pooling of on-demand,
self-managed virtual infrastructure, consumed as
What is cloud computing?
According to Wikipedia:
"Cloud computing is Internet-based computing,
whereby shared resource, software, and
information are provided to computers and other
devices on demand, like the electricity grid.“
Types of Cloud Computing
Software as a Service (Saas)
Platforms as a Service (Paas)
Infrastructure as a Service (Iaas)
Types of Cloud computing
1. Software as s service (SaaS): software-as-a-service: Here the vendor supplies the
hardware infrastructure, the software product and interacts with the user through a
front-end portal. SaaS is a very broad market. Services can be anything from Web-based
email to inventory control and database processing. Because the service provider hosts
both the application and the data, the end user is free to use the service from anywhere.
2. Platform as a Service (PaaS): in this cloud is defined as a set of software and
product development tools hosted on the provider's infrastructure. Developers create
applications on the provider's platform over the Internet. PaaS providers may use APIs,
website portals or gateway software installed on the customer's computer. Force.com,
(an outgrowth of Salesforce.com) and GoogleApps are examples of PaaS. Developers
need to know that currently, there are not standards for interoperability or data
portability in the cloud. Some providers will not allow software created by their
customers to be moved off the provider's platform.
3. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS): like Amazon Web Services provides virtual
server instance API) to start, stop, access and configure their virtual servers and storage.
In the enterprise, cloud computing allows a company to pay for only as much capacity as
is needed, and bring more online as soon as required. Because this pay-for-what-you-use
model resembles the way electricity, fuel and water are consumed; it's sometimes
referred to as utility computing.
Cloud Computing for Libraries Why?
Dr. Ranganathan’s fourth principle very much applied
when we say Cloud Computing. Save the time of reader by
providing information anytime anywhere.
We should be able to design our services in such a way
that a user gets it 24x7, if having good internet
More efficient and speedy distribution of library services
with lower cost
American multinational Computer Technology
Company Dell is currently working on a project
called “Ophelia”, a potentially game changing
device that is essentially a virtual computer that
can be accessed anywhere. Project Ophelia would
allow a user to access their own computer and its
applications on any connected devices.
Simultaneously multiple users can use provided
resources and services
Constant performance that is monitored by the
Use of Cloud Computing in Library
Data: Bibliographic, Digital, Administrative, License,
Access and Preservation.
Content: Collections, Subscriptions, Print, Publishing.
Services : Library as Place, Content Access, Content
Creation, Instruction, Research, Preservation.
Experience: Research, Study Support, Peer based
Collaboration, IT Exploration
Cloud Computing with a view to Indian Libraries
SWOT analysis is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths,
Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats involved in a project or in any
venture. It involves specifying the objective of the project and identifying the
internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable to achieve the
objective. SWOT is a measure of analyzing a system as it displays good factors
and bad factors for evaluation. Basically, SWOT analysis is used to evaluate
market situation when a person wants to enter in the market. Nowadays
Indian libraries can plan to move towards Cloud based environment because
most of the Indian libraries have budget constraints and therefore, before
choosing cloud environment one needs to have some fare idea about the
cloud and cloud computing services. Hence, SWOT analysis provides some
evidences; we are trying to evaluate the cloud computing on SWOT principle.
Cost saving: You pay for what you use
Easy on installation and maintenance
Back up and restoration
Data security and privacy
Network connectivity and bandwidth
Service unavailability due to power outage
Dependence on outside agencies
Knowledge and integration
Long term stability of service provider
Cloud Computing is in a period of strong growth, but
this technology is still has some issues of security and
somewhat it is immature. Government Technology
Research Alliance (GTRA) research showed that the
most common concern about implementing Cloud
Computing technology was security.
The real value of cloud computing is that it makes your
library related software and data available
transparently and everywhere including in latest
available smart phone devices.
We are all aware, country like India faced problems
like digital divide and off course very low internet
bandwidth. So, benefit of new technology can be
reached to limited area of educational area.