Child labour

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Child labour

  1. 1. CHILD LABOUR SUBMITTED BY M.SUDEEP KUMAR REG NO:11BME0265 SLOT:G1
  2. 2. CONTENTS: • • • • • • • ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR CHILD LABOUR FACTS ACROSS THE WORLD CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA CONCLUSION REFRENCES
  3. 3. ABSTRACT: In the latter part of the 20th century, child labour remains a serious problem in many parts of the world. Many of these children live in underdeveloped countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Their living conditions are crude and their chances for education minimal. The income they bring in is, however, necessary for the survival of their families. In other cases, children are bonded, working to pay off an initial cash advance from the employer with escalating interest which leaves them effectively slaves.
  4. 4. WHAT IS CHILD LABOUR • Child labour is not only a social problem but also an economic one • Watching a young child work for fourteen hours a-day is what is termed as child labour. • Child labour has a predominant feature in Indian society • carpet industry requires the fine little fingers to weave the finest and tiniest of knots to create the most expensive of carpets • firecracker industry probably prefers kids to men because they are cost effective and more efficient • Even household labor – children last longer and are more honest than adults; is a claim made by most homemakers
  5. 5. CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR • OVER POPULATION: limited resources and more mouths to feed, Children are employed in various forms of work. • ILLITERACY :Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical,emotional and cognitive development of a child. • POVERTY: Many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous jobs. • URBANIZATION: MNC's and export industries in the developing world employ child workers, particularly in the garment industry. • ORPHANS: Children born out of wedlock, children with no parents and relatives, often do not find anyone to support them. Thus they are forced to work for their own living.
  6. 6. • WILLINGNESS TO EXPLOIT CHILDREN: This is at the root of the problem Even if a family is very poor, the incidence of child labour will be very low unless there are people willing to exploit these children. • UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS: Elders often find it difficult to get jobs. The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. This is so because they can pay less and extract more work. They will also not create union problem. • PHYSICAL INJURIES OF CHILDREN: are caused by badly maintained machinery on farms and in factories, machete accidents in plantations, and any number of hazards encountered in industries such as mining, ceramics and fireworks manufacture
  7. 7. CHILD LABOUR ACROSS THE WORLD • 73 million working children are less than 10 years old. • While buffaloes may cost up to 15,000 rupees , children are sold at prices between 500 and 2,000 rupees. • 47 out of 100 children in India enrolled in class I reach class VIII, putting the dropout rate at 52.79%. • Approximately 16.64% of villages in the country do not have facilities for primary schooling. (UNICEF) • 42 million children in the age-group 6-14 years do not attend school in India.
  8. 8. CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA • The government has made efforts to prohibit child labor by enacting Child labor laws in India including the 1986 Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) • Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures • State Governments, which are the appropriate implementing authorities, have been conducting regular inspections and raids to detect cases of violations • Government has been laying a lot of emphasis on the rehabilitation of these children and on improving the economic conditions of their families .
  9. 9. ELEMINATION OF CHILD LABOUR: • The government has made efforts to prohibit child labor by enacting Child labor laws in India including the 1986 Child Labor . • Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures. • State Governments, which are the appropriate implementing authorities, have been conducting regular inspections and raids to detect cases of violations . • Government has been laying a lot of emphasis on the rehabilitation of these children and on improving the economic conditions of their families .
  10. 10. CONCLUSION: • Every individual is reponsible fo
  11. 11. REFERENCES:

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