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We are very thankful to our lovely teacher Mrs. Santana Ghosh for teaching us the main subject Aviation.
I thought that this will be very difficult subject for us, but her way of teaching is so different that we did not feel like that we were sitting in a class room. She described us each and every thing of this subject, she shared her experience with us, clear our doubts appreciate our good work and rectify our mistake.
So I think not only me the full of C4 batch is very thankful to mam.
A low cost airline or carrier is one that offers air travel at normally very low rates by cutting down on expensive customary in-flight passenger services. This low cost airline is also known as no-frills air-lines.
The concept originally incepted in the US in early 1990s.while Richard Branson or Virgin Airlines was the forerunner in Britain, Qantas occupied a huge portion of the Australian budget skies.
Air Deccan is India’s No.1 cheap air carrier working under the aegis of Deccan Air Aviation PVT.Ltd. Air Deccan has evolved into a growing unit in the aviation scene of India after it first started its services. Air Deccan Airways growth has been attributed to the steadily growing Economy of India and increasing number of middle class dwellers in the Indian population.
Air Deccan led by Cpt. GR Gopinath .
interior of Air Deccan
Fleet : The Deccan Air fleet consists of 61 aircrafts comprising of 44 A320-200, 5 ATR42-320, 5 ATR72 -212 and 9 ATR42-500 civil aircrafts. There are also plans to lease 30 ATR 72-500 aircraft.
Spice Jet is a low cost airline based in New Delhi, India. Spice Jet’s mission is to become India’s preferred low cost airline & vision is to ensure that flying is no longer confined to CEOs and business travelers, but is affordable for every one.
Spice Jet airlines is promoted by Ajay Singh .
interior of Spice Jet
Fleet : It has a fleet of 6 Boeing 737-800 in a single class configuration with 189 seats .
IndiGo is built for people with things to do, place to be people to see who don’t want to waste time, money or energy in the process. Indigo incorporates the best hardware, software, interface design & personal from around the world. Indigo’s customer service is professional and fare is low.
The basic structure of Jet Lite’s services feature services somewhere between that of full services Airliner and a low cost carrier. The merging of the fleets and structure of the two Airlines create new opportunities in terms of cost reduction and supply facilities. And the synergy may actually help Jet Airways on the long run.
interior of JetLite
Fleet : It consists of 7 Boeing 737-800 aircraft, 2 Boeing 737-300, 3 Boeing 737-400, and 5 Boeing 737-700. Bombardier CRJ 200, total 24, 10 orders.
In April 1990 , The Government adopted Open sky policy and allowed air taxi operators to operate flights from any airport, both on a charter and non charter basis and to decide their own flight schedules, cargo and passenger fares. In 1994 , the Indian Government, as part of its Open sky policy , ended the monopoly of IA and AI in the transport services by repealing the Air Corporations Act of 1953 and replacing it with the Air Corporations (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 1994 .
Private operators were allowed to provide air transport services Foreign direct investment (FDI) of up to 49% equity stake and NRI (Non Resident Indian) investment of up to 100% equity stake were permitted through the automatic FDI route in the domestic air transport services sector. However, no foreign airline could directly or indirectly hold equity in a domestic airline company.
In the recent past Indian civil aviation sector has grown manifold. The rapid growth of Indian economy has resulted in a spillover effect on the airline industry in India. The arrival of cheap airline carriers in India has spiced up the whole affair. Suddenly the air travel is no more the monopoly of the rich and the mighty. Now it has become a common man’s vehicle and revolutionized the way a common Indian traveler used to travel.
Today Jet Airlines has become one of the most preferred Indian Airlines and is still gaining market share and growing everyday. Since its inception Jet Airways has been providing premier care and service to its customers and since then has been improving upon it continuously.
Planning to add many more destinations to the already impressive list. Plans to cover destinations in North America and Europe. They order 10 ATR 72-500, 19 Boeing 737-800, 5 Boeing 777-300ER and 10 Boeing 787-8.
Kingfisher Airlines has always let the way and less than three years, changed the way a country flies. It is India’s first and only private airline to receive the prestigious, “Best New Airline of the Year” award in the Asia -Pacific and Middle East region from Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA).
Kingfisher Airlines is a part of the UB Group.
Dr. Vijay Mallya, chairman and CEO of Kingfisher Airlines.
In 2003, Goldman Sachs predicted that India’s GDP in current prices will overtake France and Italy by 2020 , Germany, UK and Russia by 2025 and Japan by 2035 .It was projected to be the third largest economy of the world, behind US and China
Our Indian economy has undergone a tremendous change with the plantation of a series of economic reforms.
These reforms focused attention on deregulating the country and including foreign in vestments. Eventually, it paved way for Indian occupying a position among the top Countries in the fast growing Asia Pacific Region.
India’s political institutions have encouraged the growth of an open society, where People can express themselves freely which is an example of a free economy.
India has a competitive and dynamic private sector that forms the backbone of India’s economic activities. It also accounts for more than 75% of India’s gross Domestic Product. It has a lot of scope for joint ventures and mergers.
India’s economy is vast and varied and consists of traditional village farming, Modern agriculture, Handicrafts, a wide distinctive range of modern industries, and a large number of support services.
Government has become more liberal and has reduced its control on foreign trade and investment and is heading its way towards privatizing the domestic sector
Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry, logging and fishing accounted for 18.6% of the GDP in 2005 , employed 60% of the total workforce and depute a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and play a significant role in the overall socioeconomic development of India.
cockpit overhead bins The galley Lavatory Different parts of the aircraft A310
Variants Airbus A310-200 fuselage - same cross section, providing capacity of about Airbus A310-300
Major A320 operators Include Airbus A320 family pressurized Cabin Type: Narrow Body Type: 77,000 Takeoff Weight (in Lbs): 123 Length: 111 Wingspan: 45,686 Payload Capacity (in Lbs): 3305 Range (in Miles): 164 Passenger Capacity (Min): 179 Passenger Capacity (Max): Jet Aircraft Type: 2 No. Of Engines: 28 March 1988 Introduced: 22 February 1987 Maiden flight:
Airbus A330 pressurized Cabin Type: Wide body Body Type: 6,400 Range (in Miles): 256 Passenger Capacity (Min): 335 Passenger Capacity (Max): Jet Aircraft Type: 2 No. Of Engines: January 1994, with Air Inter Introduced: 11 February, 1992 Maiden flight:
15th October 2007 Singapore Airlines 27 April 2005 2002 853 555 4 engine, double deck, twin aisle  A380 December 1993 Air Inter 2 November 1992 June 1987 406-440 253-295 2 engine, twin aisle A330 January 1994 Lufthansa 11 March 1993 November 1989 220 185 2 engine, single aisle, lengthened 6.94 m from A320 A321 March 1988 Air Inter 22 February 1987 March 1984 180 150 2 engine, single aisle A320 April 1996 Swissair 25 August 1995 June 1993 156 124 2 engine, single aisle, shortened 3.77 m from A320 A319 October 2003 Air France 15 January 2002 April 1999 117 107 2 engine, single aisle, shortened 6.17 m from A320 A318 December 1985 Air Algeria 3 April 1982 July 1978 279 187 2 engine, twin aisle, modified A300 A310 May 1974 Air France 28 October 1972 May 1969 361 228-254 2 engine, twin aisle A300 1st delivery 1st flight Launch date Max Seats Description Aircraft
India's strong economic growth has boosted the market for air travel.
Flying has become more affordable in India, where the number of people traveling by air in a year is nearly equal to the number of people traveling by train on a day. India recorded a 25% growth in air passenger traffic in last year alone. There are six to seven million air passengers in the country, and industry watchers say their numbers could easily rise nearly tenfold in five years.
This has meant a revival in the entire tourism and aviation industries, with increasing job opportunities for trained flying professionals not only with domestic airlines, but also international ones.
Civil aviation sector witnesses rapid expansion, there is a considerable shortage of trained pilots.
Aviation has been a major opening for women, particularly in the area of flying. Besides the traditional air hostess' role, it is as pilots that a large number of women have already made their presence felt.
The unfolding aviation scenario is something like this:
Air India has ordered 18 Boeing 737 aircraft and is likely to require close to 150 pilots,
Kingfisher Airlines has ordered 28 Airbus aircraft and would require about 140 pilots,
Spice Jet has ordered 20 aircraft and therefore its requirement is likely to be of close to 100 pilots.
Air Deccan, with 200 pilots on its rolls, hopes to add more than 600 pilots over the next five years.
At present there are said to be about 2000 licensed pilots in India, with nearly half of them being employed by the airlines operating regular flights. And it is estimated that about 4000-5000 pilots are needed within five years. This is just an illustrative scenario as other airlines have also drawn up huge expansion plans.
Present Scenario 496 No. of Aircraft Set to be Import in Next Five Year 72 No. of Import Permit for Aircraft Granted in 2007 201 No. of Aircraft Possessed 65 No. of Non-scheduled Operator 334 No. of Aircraft Possessed 14 Scheduled Domestic Operator
Biggest advantage is that it makes travel the easiest. No more taking a week to cross the ocean or go to another country on vacation. We get to spend more time doing things we want or have to than traveling.
Another advantage is that for what it is, it is not too expensive (yet) and it uses the latest greatest technological advances to better the flight and our pleasure in travel.
It is also a heavily governed industry so consumer safety for the most part is the highest for almost any industry in the world.
There are more of advantages like comfortable, suit to meet your needs, excellent connectivity etc.
The aviation industry is very big and vast the scope of jobs is immense and varies from aircraft pilot ,aircraft maintenance, aircraft crew/attendants or air hostess, ground staff, ticketing, boarding staff, etc.
Disadvantage is that it utilizes a lot of resources to do its thing. Fuel, rubber, metals, etc.
The biggest problem for the industry is that it is getting too expensive for many airlines to afford newer aircraft and do maintenance on them. Parts prices are going through the roof. Some time in the near future you're likely to see some sharp price increases for flying.
Disadvantage is air pollution and
Increase in air traffic.
Disadvantages are that you as a member of aviation industry, can have long duty hours, odd hours duty, continuous traveling for days together have to keep your cool in many untoward situations also.
Today Aviation Industry becomes so popular. Aviation, Hospitality and Travel this three industries are related to each other.
Now Aviation is booming and many people are like to work with this industry.
From the class we come to know about the past and present scenario of the world aviation and Indian aviation, the types of aircraft, exterior and interior parts of an aircraft and their functions, the attributes of a cabin crew, embarkation and disembarkation procedure for passenger, types of passenger, meal service procedure, in-flight announcements and how to operate the safety equipment on board.
I think this class has given us a lot of information about this industry, which will certainly help us in our future.