Workers who are routinely subjected to long- term, low-frequency background noise such as vehicles ,machinery and engines, large compressors and air conditioning units are suffering many adverse health effects, particularly hearing loss.
Studies have shown night time traffic noise not only disturbs sleep but also encourages physiomatic illnesses, shorten the period of the deep,dream-rich[REM] rapid eye movement sleep lengthens the phase of light slumber and make cause cardiocirculatory problems.
Noise pollution can cause given the severity of the problem throughout in term of the number of peoples effected and the gravity of the problems cause ranging form of irritation, stress, learning difficulties.
Actions are urgently needed to be taken to reduce the noise level in society and there by to protect people from noise pollution.
Public education can be effective through it is also expensive.
All people should be taught to avoid loud noise that do permanent damage to your ears.
People should also be made aware of how the noise pollution they create (for instance, from honking their horns or playing music loudly) effect others.
People can also play their music more quietly and learn to honk less (by driving more slowly, flashing their lights instead of honking, and avoiding honking in unnecessary situations such as traffic jams). To avoid hearing loss, people can ear plugs while at loud concerts or operating loud appliances or machines. Ear plugs can help reduce intensity of loud sounds and reducing damage for those whose jobs contact with loud noises. Noise awareness they can be celebrated to bring to peoples attention the problems caused by noise and to motivate people to reduce it.
Around the world, government, NGO’s and citizens group are working on policy measures to reduce noise pollution. The more significant aspect include setting a decibel limit on allowable noise stabling penalties for those exceeding those limits and banning the use of device that are considered a public nuisance because they create excessive noise. Survey conducted by AIIMS reports that the average noise levels in Delhi, Mumbai and Collate were around 95dB.
CONCLUSION :- Noise pollution refers to the unwanted sound dumped into the atmosphere leading to health hazards. A particular sound may be music to one but noise to another; pleasant when soft but noise when loud.