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Man Made Disasters By Girish&Preeti&Neha
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  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Wonders Of The World????
  • 8. NO These Are Not Just Wonders?????!!!! These Are Man Made Wonders Of The World!!!
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. Disasters Of TheWorld???!!!
  • 14. No These Are Not Disasters. These Are Man Made Disasters
  • 15.
    • World War II
    • Chernobyl
    • WTC 9/11
    CONTENTS
  • 16. WORLD WAR II
  • 17.
    • World War II was a global military conflict. It initially started as two separate conflicts:
    • 1937 - Second Sino-Japanese War
    • 1939 -German invasion of Poland.
    • This Global conflict split majority of the Worlds nations into:
    • The Allies.
    • The Axis.
    • World War II involved the mobilization of over 100 million military personnel.
    • It was the Most widespread war in history.
    • This Resulted in the complete activation of a nation's Economic, Industrial and Scientific capabilities for the purposes of war.
    WORLD WAR II
  • 18.
    • :
    • THE SURRENDER OF GERMANY WITH THE BATTLE OF BERLIN
    • The Battle of Berlin was one of the final battles of the European Theatre of World War II.
    • Two massive Soviet army groups attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin.
    • The battle of Berlin lasted from late April 1945 until early May and was one of the bloodiest battles in history.
    • German dictator Adolf Hitler and many of his followers committed suicide.
    • The city's defenders surrendered on May 2.
    END OF WAR
  • 19.
    • THE SURRENDER OF JAPAN WITH THE NUCLEAR BOMBINGS :
    • The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America.
    • August 6, 1945(Hiroshima).
    • August 9, 1945(Nagasaki).
    • The bombs killed as many as 140,000 people in Hiroshima and 80,000 in Nagasaki by the end of 1945.
    • On August 15, Japan announced its surrender to the Allied Powers.
    • The bombings led post-war Japan to adopt Three Non-Nuclear Principles, forbidding that nation from nuclear armament.
  • 20.
    • The Allies were victorious.
    • The United States and Soviet Union emerged as the world's two leading superpowers.
    • This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years.
    • The United Nations was formed in hopes of preventing another such conflict.
    • The war Triggered decolonization movements in Asia and Africa.
    RESULT
  • 21.
    • All countries faced huge financial losses and economic recession during the coarse of the war.
    • They faced various environment pollution with acid rains affecting many parts of the world. The use of nuclear weapons killed people and also left sufferings to the future generations such as genetic mutations leading to several disorders.
    • Over 60 million people died in the war, including about 20 million soldiers and 40 million civilians.
    • Nearly 11 million of these civilian casualties were victims of the Holocaust—which was conducted by Nazi German--largely in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
    • Of the total deaths in World War II, approximately 85% were on the Allied side (mostly Soviet and Chinese) and 15% on the Axis side.
    EFFECTS
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
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  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40. Chernobyl Disaster
  • 41.
    • The worst and only nuclear power plant accident in the history.
    • The Chernobyl station is located near the town of Pripyat, Ukraine.
    • The station consisted of four reactors of type RBMK-1000, each capable of producing 1 gigawatt (GW) of electric power.
    THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
  • 42. The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is located near the city of Pripyat in north central Ukraine .
  • 43.
    • On April 26,1986 a catastrophic steam explosion resulting in a nuclear meltdown, a series of additional explosions and a fire.
    • Over 336000 people died of nuclear.
    • About 60% of the radioactive fallout landed in Belarus.
    THE ACCIDENT
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.
    • There are two official theories about the main cause of the accident.
    • The most agreed theory, proposed by Valeri Legasova and published in 1991, attributed the accident to flaws in the RBMK reactor design, specifically the control rods. This theory is called the flawed design theory .
    POSSIBLE CAUSES OF DISASTER
  • 47.
    • International spread of radioactivity
    • Radioactive release
    • Health of plant workers
    • Residual radioactivity in the environment
    • Rivers, lakes and reservoirs
    • Groundwater
    • Flora and Fauna
    EFFECTS
  • 48.  
  • 49.  
  • 50.
    • All work on the unfinished reactors 5 and 6 was halted three years later.
    • The damaged reactor was sealed off and 200 metres (660 ft) of concrete was placed between the disaster site and the operational buildings.
    • The Ukrainian government continued to let the three remaining reactors operate because of an energy shortage in the country.
    CHERNOBYL AFTER THE DISASTER
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53.  
  • 54. WTC 9/11 ATTACK
  • 55.
    • The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11 ) were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States .
    . 9/11 ATTACK
  • 56.
    • Four commercial airliners were hijacked
    • en route to California from Logan International , Dulles International , and Newark airports.
    • Two of the airliners were flown into the World Trade Center, one each into the North and South towers, one was flown into the Pentagon, and the fourth, whose ultimate target was probably either the White House or the U.S. Capitol building, crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
    THE ATTACKS
  • 57.  
  • 58.  
  • 59. Aside from the 19 hijackers, 2,974 people died as an immediate result of the attacks, and the death of at least one person from lung disease was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to WTC dust. Another 24 people are missing and presumed dead, bringing the total number of victims to 2,998 — most of whom were civilians. FATALITIES
  • 60.  
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65.  
  • 66. Bin Laden initially denied, but later admitted involvement in the incidents.On September 16 , 2001 , bin Laden denied any involvement with the attacks by reading a statement which was broadcast by Qatar 's Al Jazeera satellite channel. Shortly before the U.S. presidential election in 2004, in a taped statement , bin Laden publicly acknowledged al-Qaeda's involvement in the attacks on the U.S, and admitted his direct link to the attacks. RESPONSIBILITY
  • 67.
    • In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, the Bush administration declared a war on terrorism , with the stated goals of bringing Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda to justice Immediately after the September 11 attacks U.S. officials speculated on possible involvement by Saddam Hussein ; and invaded IRAQ in 2003.
    WAR ON TERRORISM
  • 68.
    • The thousands of tons of toxic debris resulting from the collapse of the Twin Towers consisted of more
    • than 2,500 contaminants.
    • There were also unprecedented levels of dioxin and PAHs from the fires which burned for three months. Some of the dispersed substances (crystalline silica, lead, cadmium, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are carcinogenic; other substances can trigger kidney, heart, liver and nervous system deterioration.
    HEALTH EFFECTS
  • 69.  
  • 70.  
  • 71. CONCLUSION
  • 72. THANK YOU
  • 73. Presented By Girish Preeti & Neha