Yamuna,also called as”JAMUNA”,Originates from the BUNDAR POONCH glaciers in district UTTARKASHI of the state of UTTARANCHAL.It rises from JAMUNOTRI,in the HIMALAYAS.River tons,which flows along the boundary of HP,west of district TEHRI GARHWAL joins Yamuna river at KALSI & thereafter joins the plains.From KALSI,the river flows along the boundary of HP.Yamuna flows in a south direction through the Himalayan foothills & onto the north Indian PLAIN,ALONG THE UP-HARYANA State border.The Eastern & Western Yamuna canals are fed from the river at that time.
While banning constructions within 300 meters along the banks of river Yamuna,the DELHI HIGH COURT today directed the district courts not to grant any stay on demolition of any illegal structure on the river banks.
A division bench headed by justice VIJENDER JAIN said no subordinate court should grant any stay on demolition of unauthorised buildings carried out by DDA.
The court directed the authorities of the DELHI GOVT,DDA & DELHI POLICE to ensure that no construction was carried out within 300 mts along the banks.
SEGEMENT OF YAMUNA Himalayan Segment From Origin To TAJEWALA Barrage (172 KMS) Upper Segment TAJEWALA To WAZIRABAD Barrage (224 KMS) DELHI Segment WAZIRABAD To OKHLA Barrage (22 KMS) EUTRIPHICATED Segment OKHLA To CHAMBAL Barrage (490 KMS) DILUTED Segment CHAMBAL To GANGA CONFLUENCE (468 KMS)
CATCHMENT OF YAMUNA NAME OF STATE AREA IN YAMUNA(SQ) %AGE CONTRIBUTION UP 74,208 21.5 HP 5,799 1.6 HARYANA 21,265 6.5 RAJASTHAN 1,02,883 29.8 MP 14,028 40.6 DELHI 1,485 0.4
The diffused pollution originates mainly from the catchment area through movement of water.Pollutants originated from the topsoil losses include soil organic matter,toxic elements & bacteria.Soil can retain ,modify, decompose or absorb pollutants.The imp NPS contributing to river Yamuna are:
Both side banks of entire stretch of river Yamuna is occupied by the rural areas.
The cattle wading also contribute various diseases in the water,which may cause skin & other diseases,not only to the other animals but sometimes also to human beings using river water directly or indirectly.
cattle in the river disturbs the riverbed,where organic matter & other pollutants are settled in form of sludge.
Due to cattle movements,the settled sludge disturbs & again mixed with the water deteriorating its quality.
In the entire country river mass bathing is very common phenomenon. In the Yamuna river, mass bathing takes place during some special festivals & religious days.The mass bathing is very significant at urban centres e.g: Mathura,
Vrindavan,Bateshwar,Delhi,Agra etc.The large scale river bathing influence the water quality by increasing the disease causing pathogens quantity in the river.
River Yamuna basin is heavily populated with rural & urban centres where the sanitary facilities are to control the pollution of river Yamuna through KALI NADI flowing at the western side of MUZAFFARNAGAR town. It was proposed to intercept the five drains responsible for polluting KALI NADI into tapping chambers & then to connect the respective intermediate sewage pumping station.
The river water quality monitoring is undertaken to ensure the effectiveness of various pollution abatement measures. The CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD (CPCB) has been monitoring the water quality of the river Yamuna in the entire stretch since 1974.The NATIONAL RIVER CONSERVATION DIRECTORATE (NRCD), has also assigned the task of river water quality monitoring to the (CPCB) under the YAP since december,1994.
From religious point of view, people prefer to cremate human bodies on the banks of river & sometimes partly burnt bodies are thrown into it. This is due to the fact that the poor are not able to afford the required quantity of wood for cremation. The firewood requirement is high per dead body. Therefore, provision of improved wood crematoria & electric crematoria have been made under YAP schemes. These will ensure complete burning of the bodies, saving the river from pollution due to dead bodies & consume less wood thereby saving trees .
To induce a change in public attitude & lifestyles related to water use, waste disposal, sanitation. In particular, minimize open defecation, dumping of poly-bags, waste disposal into water bodies , wasteful use of water & about GOVT schemes aimed at river pollution abatement, such as the